The firewall that remembers the different network you connect to.
What to expect
ServiceWall is a firewall intended for laptops and all devices that connect to several different networks. It will drop incoming requests, excepted for those that you allow. Each service you allow in will be remembered either :
- for the network realm you're connected to (the realm's ruleset), or
- for unregistered network realms (the
WARNING : ServiceWall only supports IPv4 networks ; as of today, it will drop any packet on the IPv6 stack without logging it.
At the moment the default ruleset is : accept
ssh connections are accepted from anywhere, whereas
are only accepted from the local network (connected to the same gateway as you).
It won't remember the realm you're connected to until you change the default ruleset. Once you do, it writes down an identifier for the network realm, together with the default ruleset plus the rule you added. Now when you connect to another network, it will put this identified ruleset aside, and try to find a ruleset for the new network. If it can't find any, it'll fallback to the default ruleset. When you connect to the identified network back, it will automagically bring back the rules you chose (magic here involves a network dispatcher telling it network changes).
The default ruleset also has a few basic stateful rules : accept icmp requests, accept all from the localhost loop, accept already established connections, drop invalid packets, and log anything dropped.
Required dependencies are
systemd, and either
systemd-networkd, with its dispatcher enabled. If you run a linux on a laptop, you should be all set.
There are python packages needed as well, but if you use a decent install
pip, they should be managed all right. Those are :
- optional :
- build-time :
You might really wish to have
python-argcomplete for the command-line
completion to work. This can really prove handy when you're looking for a
service to allow.
Once you have the required dependencies, install the package with :
# pip install servicewall
For those using Arch linux, there is a
PKGBUILD for this into AUR, called
servicewall-git. Give it a try !
ServiceWall uses ulogd to
dispatch the logs. It has its own dependent
gets pulled in automatically, don't try to run
ulogd.service as it could cause
race problems between them.
The firewall is disabled by default. To enable it, as root do
# systemctl enable --now servicewall
You can suspend it with
systemctl stop servicewall or
# sw stop
(you indeed get the corresponding
Note that at bootup ServiceWall starts before the nework target. At that point
the interfaces are not connected at all. It's actually reloaded when the
connection is established to a realm. To have details on the status, use :
# sw status
Once started, the default behaviour is to drop all that come in, excepted for
ssh from anywhere and
DHCP from the local network. All that go out is
allowed. You can check the table of rules applied for the realm we're connected
# sw show table
ServiceWall works with service definitions provided by jhansonxi. They link a service to ports it needs. To allow a specific service, do :
# sw allow service "Service Name"
which will add this service in this realm's ruleset. If you connect to
internet in another place, the ruleset for this place will be put aside, and
brought back when you connect to it again. You can move back with
sw disallow service ... when you are connected to this realm only.
Otherwise you would have to manually edit
The service will be limited to machines on the same realm as you (connected to the same ESSID). If you want to make it available from anywhere, do a
# sw allow service "Service Name" --globally
Don't know what's the exact name of the service you want to allow ? You'll need to :
# sw show services
And if you wonder which services use to use port 80, do
# sw show port 80
Sometimes the service you want to use doesn't exist in the service definitions.
In this case you can drop a service def inside
syntax is the same as the one you get with
# sw show service "Service Name"
When you allow a service the relevant rules are associated with the realm
you're connected to, in a dictionary inside
To interrogate it, do :
# sw show realms
When allowing a service you might want to modify the default ruleset. There's
--in-default-profile option to
allow just for this. It will modify the
WARNING : ServiceWall will not log igmp traffic. All igmp packets are silently dropped. You may allow those, in which case they will be silently accepted.
Particular attention was taken to logs. Logs are stored in systemd's
servicewall-logs.service. Journald takes care it can't fill the hard drive,
and that it's readable only to staff. Firewall logs are critical information,
and with this setup you can choose who has access. In Arch it's controlled with
an access list, you can view it with :
# getfacl /var/log/journal
The firewall logs all that it drops, excepted for igmp packets, as they bloat logs. There's a log processor tool included ; try it with
# sw show logs -w # sw show logs since NUMBER_OF_SECONDS # sw show logs -w last NUMBER_OF_LATEST_HITS
-w|--with-hostnames option lets it show hostnames. This will let you see what
service queries were dropped. Now if the service name begins with a
means that it is the source that is operating the service, not the destination.
It might be a packet that iptables failed to recognize as belonging to an
This software is copyrighted under the GNU Version 3 license.
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