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Setuptools rust extension plugin

Project description

Setuptools plugin for Rust extensions

Build Status pypi package code style: black

Setuptools helpers for rust Python extensions implemented with PyO3 and rust-cpython.

Compile and distribute Python extensions written in rust as easily as if they were written in C.


For a complete example, see html-py-ever.

First, you need to create a bunch of files:

from setuptools import setup
from setuptools_rust import Binding, RustExtension

    rust_extensions=[RustExtension("hello_rust.hello_rust", binding=Binding.PyO3)],
    # rust extensions are not zip safe, just like C-extensions.

This file is required for building source distributions

include Cargo.toml
recursive-include src *


requires = ["setuptools", "wheel", "setuptools-rust"]

set -ex

curl -sSf | sh -s -- --default-toolchain stable -y
export PATH="$HOME/.cargo/bin:$PATH"

cd /io

for PYBIN in /opt/python/cp{35,36,37,38,39}*/bin; do
    "${PYBIN}/pip" install -U setuptools wheel setuptools-rust
    "${PYBIN}/python" bdist_wheel

for whl in dist/*.whl; do
    auditwheel repair "$whl" -w dist/


You can use same commands as for c-extensions. For example:

>>> python ./ develop
running develop
running egg_info
writing hello-rust.egg-info/PKG-INFO
writing top-level names to hello_rust.egg-info/top_level.txt
writing dependency_links to hello_rust.egg-info/dependency_links.txt
reading manifest file 'hello_rust.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
writing manifest file 'hello_rust.egg-info/SOURCES.txt'
running build_ext
running build_rust
cargo build --manifest-path extensions/Cargo.toml --features python3
    Finished debug [unoptimized + debuginfo] target(s) in 0.0 secs

Creating /.../lib/python3.6/site-packages/hello_rust.egg-link (link to .)

Installed hello_rust
Processing dependencies for hello_rust==1.0
Finished processing dependencies for hello_rust==1.0

Or you can use commands like bdist_wheel (after installing wheel).

By default, develop will create a debug build, while install will create a release build.

Binary wheels on linux

To build binary wheels on linux, you need to use the manylinux docker container. You also need a similar to the one in the example, which will be run in that container.

First, pull the manylinux2014 Docker image:

docker pull

Then use the following command to build wheels for supported Python versions:

docker run --rm -v `pwd`:/io /io/

This will create wheels in the dist directory:

$ ls dist
hello_rust-0.1.0-cp35-cp35m-linux_x86_64.whl          hello_rust-0.1.0-cp35-cp35m-manylinux2014_x86_64.whl
hello_rust-0.1.0-cp36-cp36m-linux_x86_64.whl          hello_rust-0.1.0-cp36-cp36m-manylinux2014_x86_64.whl
hello_rust-0.1.0-cp37-cp37m-linux_x86_64.whl          hello_rust-0.1.0-cp37-cp37m-manylinux2014_x86_64.whl
hello_rust-0.1.0-cp38-cp38-linux_x86_64.whl           hello_rust-0.1.0-cp38-cp38-manylinux2014_x86_64.whl
hello_rust-0.1.0-cp39-cp39-linux_x86_64.whl           hello_rust-0.1.0-cp39-cp39-manylinux2014_x86_64.whl

You can then upload the manylinux2014 wheels to pypi using twine.

It is possible to use any of the manylinux docker images: manylinux1, manylinux2010 or manylinux2014. (Just replace manylinux2014 in the above instructions with the alternative version you wish to use.)


You can define rust extension with RustExtension class:

RustExtension(name, path, args=None, features=None, rust_version=None, quiet=False, debug=False)

The class for creating rust extensions.

  • param str name the full name of the extension, including any packages -- ie. not a filename or pathname, but Python dotted name. It is possible to specify multiple binaries, if extension uses Binsing.Exec binding mode. In that case first argument has to be dictionary. Keys of the dictionary corresponds to compiled rust binaries and values are full name of the executable inside python package.

  • param str path path to the Cargo.toml manifest file

  • param [str] args a list of extra argumenents to be passed to cargo.

  • param [str] features a list of features to also build

  • param [str] rustc_flags A list of arguments to pass to rustc, e.g. cargo rustc --features <features> <args> -- <rustc_flags>

  • param str rust_version sematic version of rust compiler version -- for example >1.14,<1.16, default is None

  • param bool quiet Does not echo cargo's output. default is False

  • param bool debug Controls whether --debug or --release is passed to cargo. If set to None then build type is auto-detect. Inplace build is debug build otherwise release. Default: None

  • param int binding Controls which python binding is in use. Binding.PyO3 uses PyO3 Binding.RustCPython uses rust-cpython Binding.NoBinding uses no binding. Binding.Exec build executable.

  • param int strip Strip symbols from final file. Does nothing for debug build. Strip.No - do not strip symbols (default) Strip.Debug - strip debug symbols Strip.All - strip all symbols

  • param bool script Generate console script for executable if Binding.Exec is used.

  • param bool native Build extension or executable with "-C target-cpu=native"

  • param bool optional if it is true, a build failure in the extension will not abort the build process, but instead simply not install the failing extension.


  • build - Standard build command builds all rust extensions.
  • build_rust - Command builds all rust extensions.
  • clean - Standard clean command executes cargo clean for all rust extensions.
  • check - Standard check command executes cargo check for all rust extensions.
  • tomlgen_rust - Automatically generate a Cargo.toml manifest based on Python package metadata. See the example project on GitHub for more information about this command.

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