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Compiled scikit-learn decision trees for faster evaluation

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Installation

pip install sklearn-compiledtrees

Rationale

In some use cases, predicting given a model is in the hot-path, so speeding up decision tree evaluation is very useful.

An effective way of speeding up evaluation of decision trees can be to generate code representing the evaluation of the tree, compile that to optimized object code, and dynamically load that file via dlopen/dlsym or equivalent.

See https://courses.cs.washington.edu/courses/cse501/10au/compile-machlearn.pdf for a detailed discussion, and http://tullo.ch/articles/decision-tree-evaluation/ for a more pedagogical explanation and more benchmarks in C++.

This package implements compiled decision tree evaluation for the simple case of a single-output regression tree or ensemble.

It has been tested to work on both OS X and Linux. We do not currently support Windows platforms for compiled evaluation, although this should not be a signficant amount of work.

Usage

import compiledtrees
import sklearn.ensemble

X_train, y_train, X_test, y_test = ...

clf = ensemble.GradientBoostingRegressor()
clf.fit(X_train, y_train)

compiled_predictor = compiledtrees.CompiledRegressionPredictor(clf)
predictions = compiled_predictor.predict(X_test)

Benchmarks

For random forests, we see 5x to 8x speedup in evaluation. For gradient boosted ensembles, it’s between a 1.5x and 3x speedup in evaluation. This is due to the fact that gradient boosted trees already have an optimized prediction implementation.

There is a benchmark script attached that allows us to examine the performance of evaluation across a range of ensemble configurations and datasets.

In the graphs attached, GB is Gradient Boosted, RF is Random Forest, D1, etc correspond to setting max-depth=1, and B10 corresponds to setting max_leaf_nodes=10.

Graphs

for dataset in friedman1 friedman2 friedman3 uniform hastie; do
    python ../benchmarks/bench_compiled_tree.py \
        --iterations=10 \
        --num_examples=1000 \
        --num_features=50 \
        --dataset=$dataset \
        --max_estimators=300 \
        --num_estimator_values=6
done

timings3907426606273805268 timings-1162001441413946416 timings5617004024503483042 timings2681645894201472305 timings2070620222460516071

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Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
sklearn-compiledtrees-1.1.macosx-10.8-x86_64.tar.gz (29.9 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Dumb Binary 2.7 Mar 28, 2014
sklearn-compiledtrees-1.1.tar.gz (46.4 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None Mar 28, 2014

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