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A collection of utility scripts for SonarQube

Project description

sonar-tools

Command line tools to help in SonarQube administration tasks.

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DISCLAIMER: This software is community software. None of the tools it contains are neither supported nor endorsed by SonarSource S.A. Switzerland, the company editing the SonarQube, SonarCloud and SonarLint products

The following utilities are available:

  • sonar-audit: Audits a SonarQube instance, and reports all the problems
  • sonar-housekeeper: Deletes projects, branches, PR that have not been analyzed since a certain number of days, or deletes tokens created since more than a certain number of days
  • sonar-loc: Computes lines of code per project and in total, as they would be coputed by the license
  • sonar-measures-export: Exports measures/metrics of one, several or all projects of the instance in CSV
  • sonar-findings-export (Also available as sonar-issues-export (deprecated) for backward compatibility): Exports issues and hotspots (potentially filtered) from the instance in CSV
  • sonar-issues-sync: Synchronizes issue changelog between branches, projects or even SonarQube instances
  • sonar-projects-export: Exports all projects from a SonarQube instance (EE and higher)
  • sonar-projects-import: Imports a list of projects into a SonarQube instance (EE and higher)
  • sonar-config: Exports or Imports a SonarQube platform configuration to/from configuration as code file (JSON file).

:information_source: Although they are likely to work with many versions, the offered tools are only tested against SonarQube LTS (Long Term Support, currently 8.9.x) and LATEST versions

What's New - Release notes

Requirements and Installation

  • sonar-tools requires python 3.6 or higher
  • Installation is based on pip.
  • Online installation.
    • Run: python3 -m pip install sonar-tools (or python3 -m pip upgrade sonar-tools) If install does not behave as expected you can try the pip --force-reinstall option (see pip documentation)
  • Offline installation: If you have no access to the internet on the install machine, you can:
    • Download the .whl file from https://pypi.org/project/sonar-tools or attached to the release at https://github.com/okorach/sonar-tools/releases. The file should be something like. sonar_tools-<VERSION>-py3-none-any.whl
    • Copy the downloaded file on the install machine
    • On the install machine, run python3 -m pip install sonar_tools-<VERSION>-py3-none-any.whl
    • Note: The package is dependent upon pytz, argparse, datetime, python-dateutil, requests and jprops python packages that are automatically installed when installing sonar-tools

Common command line parameters

All tools accept the following common parameters:

  • -h : Displays a help and exits
  • -u : URL of the SonarQube server. The default is environment variable $SONAR_HOST_URL or http://localhost:9000 by default if the environment variable is not set
  • -t : User token to invoke the SonarQube APIs, like d04d671eaec0272b6c83c056ac363f9b78919b06. The default is environment variable $SONAR_TOKEN. Using login/password is not possible. The user corresponding to the token must have enough permissions to achieve the tool tasks
  • -v : Logging verbosity level (WARN, ÌNFO or DEBUG). The default is INFO. ERROR and above is always active.

See common error exit codes at the bottom of this page

sonar-audit

sonar-audit allows to audit a SonarQube instance and output warning logs for all anomalies found. See complete documentation for details

sonar-issues-sync

sonar-issues-sync allows to synchronizes issue changelog (false positives, won't fix, issue severity or type change, tags and comments) between branches, projects or SonarQube instances. See complete documentation for details

sonar-housekeeper

Deletes obsolete/outdated data from SonarQube:

  • Projects whose last analysis date (on any branch) is older than a given number of days.
  • User tokens older than a given number of days
  • Inactive branches (Branches not analyzed for a given number of days), excepted branches marked as "keep when inactive"
  • Inactive pull requests (PRs not analyzed for a given number of days)

Usage: sonar-housekeeper [-P <days>] [-B <days>] [-R <days>] [-T <days>] [--mode delete] [-h]

  • -P <days>: Will search for projects not analyzed since more than <days> days. To avoid deleting too recent projects it is denied to specify less than 90 days
  • -B <days>: Will search for projects branches not analyzed since more than <days> days. Branches marked as "keep when inactive" are excluded from housekeeping
  • -R <days>: Will search for pull requests not analyzed since more than <days> days
  • -T <days>: Will search for tokens created since more than <days> days
  • --mode delete: If not specified, sonar-housekeeper will only perform a dry run and list projects branches, pull requests and tokens that would be deleted. If --mode delete is specified objects are actually deleted

Required Permissions

To be able to delete anything, the token provided to sonar-housekeeper should have:

  • The global Administer System permission to delete tokens
  • Plus Browse and Administer permission on all projects to delete (or with branches or PR to delete)

:information_source: Limitations

To avoid bad mistakes (mistakenly deleting too many projects), the tools will refuse to delete projects analyzed in the last 90 days.

:warning: Database backup

A database backup should always be taken before executing this script. There is no recovery.

Example

sonar-housekeeper -o 120 -u https://sonar.acme-corp.com -t 15ee09df11fb9b8234b7a1f1ac5fce2e4e93d75d

sonar-loc

Exports all projects lines of code as they would be counted by the commercial licences.
See sonar-loc -h for details

Basic Usage: sonar-loc [-f <file>] [--format json|csv] [-a] [-n] [--withURL] [--portfolios] [--topLevelOnly]

  • -f: Define file for output (default stdout). File extension is used to deduct expected format (json if file.json, csv otherwise)
  • --format: Choose export format between csv (default) and json
  • --portfolios: Output the LOC of portfolios instead of projects (Enterprise Edition only)
  • --topLevelOnly: For portfolios, only output LoCs for top level portfolios (Enterprise Edition only)
  • -n | --withName: Outputs the project or portfolio name in addition to the key
  • -a | --withLastAnalysis: Output the last analysis date (all branches and PR taken into account) in addition to the LOCs
  • --withURL: Outputs the URL of the project or portfolio for each record

Required Permissions

sonar-loc needs Browse permission on all projects of the SonarQube instance

sonar-measures-export

Exports one or all projects with all (or some selected) measures in a CSV file.
The CSV is sent to standard output.
Plenty of issue filters can be specified from the command line, type sonar-measures-export -h for details

Basic Usage: sonar-measures-export -m _main [-f <file>] [--format json|csv] [-b] [-r] [-p] [-d] [-d] [-n] [-a] [--withURL]

  • -m | --metricKeys: comma separated list of metrics to export
    • -m _main is a shortcut to list all main metrics. It's the recommended option
    • -m _all is a shortcut to list all metrics, including the most obscure ones
  • -f: Define file for output (default stdout). File extension is used to deduct expected format (json if file.json, csv otherwise)
  • --format: Choose export format between csv (default) and json
  • -b | --withBranches: Exports measures for all project branches (by default only export measures of the main branch)
  • -r | --ratingsAsNumbers: Converts ratings as numbers (by default ratings are exported as letters between A and E)
  • -p | --percentsAsString: Converts percentages as strings "xy.z%" (by default percentages are exported as floats between 0 and 1)
  • -d | --datesWithoutTime: Outputs dates without time
  • -n | --withName: Outputs the project or portfolio name in addition to the key
  • -a | --withLastAnalysis: Output the last analysis date (all branches and PR taken into account) in addition to the LOCs
  • --withURL: Outputs the URL of the project or portfolio for each record

Required Permissions

sonar-measures-export needs Browse permission on all projects of the SonarQube instance

Examples

export SONAR_HOST_URL=https://sonar.acme-corp.com
export SONAR_TOKEN=15ee09df11fb9b8234b7a1f1ac5fce2e4e93d75d

# Exports LoCs, nbr of bugs and number of vulnerabilities of all projects main branch
sonar-measures-export -m ncloc,bugs,vulnerabilities >measures.csv

# Exports main metrics of all projects and all their branches
sonar-measures-export -m _main -b -o measures.json

# Exports all metrics of projects myProjectKey1 and myOtherProjectKey main branch. Convert ratings to letters
sonar-measures-export -k myProjectKey1,myOtherProjectKey -m _all -r -o all_measures.csv

sonar-findings-export

(Also available as sonar-issues-export for backward compatibility, but deprecated)

Exports a list of issues as CSV or JSON. The export is sent to standard output or into a file Plenty of issue filters can be specified from the command line, type sonar-findings-export -h for details.
:warning: On large SonarQube instances with a lot of issues, it can be stressful for the instance (many API calls) and very long to export all issues. It's recommended to define filters that will only export a subset of all issues (see examples below).

Required Permissions

sonar-findings-export needs Browse permission on all projects for which findings are exported

Examples

export SONAR_HOST_URL=https://sonar.acme-corp.com
export SONAR_TOKEN=15ee09df11fb9b8234b7a1f1ac5fce2e4e93d75d

# Exports all issues (main branch). This can be very long and stressful for SonarQube APIs
sonar-findings-export >all_issues.csv

# Exports all issues of project myProjectKey
sonar-findings-export -k myProjectKey -o project_issues.csv

# Exports all false positive and won't fix issues across all projects
sonar-findings-export -r FALSE-POSITIVE,WONTFIX -o fp_wf.json

# Exports all issues created in 2020
sonar-findings-export -a 2020-01-01 -b 2020-12-31 -o issues_created_in_2020.csv

# Exports all vulnerabilities and bugs
sonar-findings-export -types VULNERABILITY,BUG -f json >bugs_and_vulnerabilities.json

sonar-projects-export

Exports all projects of a given SonarQube instance.
:warning: This requires a SonarQube Enterprise or Data Center Edition.
It sends to the output a CSV with the list of project keys, the export result (SUCCESS or FAIL), and:

  • If the export was successful, the generated zip file
  • If the export was failed, the failure reason

Basic Usage: sonar-projects-export [--exportTimeout <timeout>] >exported_projects.csv

  • --exportTimeout: Defines timeout to export a single project in seconds, by default 180 s (large projects can take time to export)
  • -f: Define file for output (default stdout). File extension is used to deduct expected format (json if file.json, csv otherwise)

:information_source: All zip files are generated in the SonarQube instance standard location (under data/governance/project_dumps/export). On a DCE, the export may be distributed over all the Application Nodes

The CSV file generated is to be used by the sonar-projects-import tool

Required Permissions

sonar-projects-export requires Administer project permission on all projects to be exported

Examples

export SONAR_HOST_URL=https://sonar.acme-corp.com
export SONAR_TOKEN=15ee09df11fb9b8234b7a1f1ac5fce2e4e93d75d
sonar-projects-export >exported_projects.csv

sonar-projects-import

Imports a list of projects previously exported with sonar-projects-export.
:warning: This requires a SonarQube Enterprise or Data Center Edition.
It takes as input a CSV file produced by sonar-projects-export

Basic Usage: sonar-projects-import -f <file.csv>

  • -f: Define input file for project import, result of a sonar-projects-export command

:information_source: All exported zip files must be first copied to the right location on the target SonarQube instance for the import to be successful (In data/governance/project_dumps/import)

Required Permissions

sonar-projects-import needs the global Create Projects permission

Examples

export SONAR_HOST_URL=https://sonar.acme-corp.com
export SONAR_TOKEN=15ee09df11fb9b8234b7a1f1ac5fce2e4e93d75d

# Import all projects with the CSV information file generated by "sonar-projects-export"
sonar-projects-import -f exported_projects.csv

sonar-config

Exports or imports all or part of a SonarQube platform configuration. sonar-config is expected to export/import everything that is configurable in a SonarQube platform, except secrets

Basic Usage: sonar-config --export -f <file.json>

  • -f: Define the output file, if not specified stdout is used
  • -e or --export: Specify the export operation
  • -w or --what: Specify what to export (everything by default)
  • k "<key1>,<key2>,...,<keyn>": Will only import/export projects, apps or portfolios with matching keys
  • --fullExport: Will also export object properties that are not used for an import by may be of interest anyway See sonar-config complete doc

Required Permissions

To export and import configuration, sonar-config needs elevated permissions. See sonar-config complete documentation for details

Examples

export SONAR_HOST_URL=https://sonar.acme-corp.com
export SONAR_TOKEN=15ee09df11fb9b8234b7a1f1ac5fce2e4e93d75d

# Exports all platform configuration from https://sonar.acme-corp.com
sonar-config -e >config.json
# Exports QG, portfolios, users and groups from platform configuration https://sonar.foobar-corp.com
sonar-config -u https://sonar.foobar-corp.com -t 15ee09df11fb9b8237b7a13333c5fce2e4e93d999 --export --what "qualitygates,portfolios,users,groups" -f partial_export.json

# Imports customized rules and quality profiles found in config.json (using $SONAR_HOST_URL as target)
sonar-config --import --what "rules,qualityprofiles" -f config.json

For more about what is exported and imported by sonar-config please see the sonar-config complete documentation

Exit codes

When tools complete successfully they return exit code 0. En case of fatal error the following exit codes may be returned:

  • Code 1: Authentication error (Incorrect token provided)
  • Code 2: Authorization error (provided token has insufficient permissions)
  • Code 3: Other general Sonar API HTTP error
  • Code 4: No token provided
  • Code 5: Non existing project key provided
  • Code 6: Incorrect finding search criteria provided
  • Code 7: Unsupported operation requested (because of SonarQube edition or configuration)
  • Code 8: Audit rule loading failed (at startup)
  • Code 9: SIF audit error (file not found, can't open file, not a legit JSON file, ...)
  • Code 10: Incorrect command line arguments

License

Copyright (C) 2019-2022 Olivier Korach mailto:olivier.korach AT gmail DOT com

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.

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