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SQLAlchemy support for Splice Machine RDBMS

Project description

Splice Machine SQLAlchemy Adapter


  • This python package allows users to integrate new and existing SQLAlchemy applications with Splice Machine
  • SQLAlchemy exposes a uniform API for database-backed applications, which can be easily used with Splice Machine via this adaptor
  • Supported on Splice Machine Versions >=


ODBC Driver:

First, download the appropriate Splice Machine ODBC driver for your system.

Mac OSX 64 bit Driver: Download
Linux 32 bit Driver: Download
Linux 64 bit Driver: Download

Note: Windows is not currently supported for Splice Machine SQLAlchemy ODBC

Then, follow the instructions here to finish the installation, but use the download links above to retrieve the Driver tarball

Once the Driver is installed, you can pip install splicemachinesa

sudo pip install splicemachinesa


There are three URL formats that can be used to access SpliceMachine via ODBC through SQLAlchemy. The first will suffice in most cases.

1: Standard URL format

Format: splicemachinesa://[user]:[password]@[host]:[port]/[database]

The Driver Name defaults to SpliceODBCDriver, which is the default name when the driver is installed (specified in odbc.ini). However, this name can be overridden through the SPLICE_ODBC_DRIVER_NAME environment variable.


from sqlalchemy import create_engine
url = 'splicemachinesa://splice:admin@'
engine = create_engine(url)

2. Custom Configuration Without Driver

Format: splicemachinesa://?DRIVER=[driver]&URL=[URL]&PORT=[PORT]&UID=[USER]&PWD=[PASSWORD]

You can use this SQLAlchemy driver without an ODBC configuration (meaning running the installation from Splice Machine docs) by manually specifying the driver path. On OSX (given installation with sudo ), this is found in /Library/ODBC/SpliceMachine/libsplice_odbc64.dylib. Without sudo this located at the same path, but in the home directory e.g. $HOME/Library/... On Linux (given ODBC Driver installation with sudo), this is found in /usr/local/splice/lib/ Without sudo it is found in $HOME/splice. We provide a utility function for simplifying the URL building process.
This method is easier for an automated driver configuration (e.g. inside Docker) because you only need to copy to Driver binary.

Note: Error messages will not be rendered properly with this approach.


from sqlalchemy import create_engine
from splicemachinesa.utilities import url_builder

url = url_builder('/usr/local/splice/lib/', host=[], port=[1527]
 user=['splice'], password=['admin'])
engine = create_engine(url) 

3. DSN Configuration

Format: splicemachinesa://[dsn] Splice Machine SQLAlchemy also supports ODBC DSNs for Driver configuration. This means that rather than explicitly specifying configuration options in the URL string, they are rendered from the odbc.ini file. This is also the only method that supports Kerberos Authentication for Splice Clusters. You can see how to use Kerberos here. The odbc.ini file is located at these locations depending on whether or not the installer was run as root.

With/without sudo installation- Mac OSX: $HOME/.odbc.ini
With sudo Linux: /etc/odbc.ini
Without sudo Linux: $HOME/.odbc.ini. In this file, if you have a key named USER, rename this to UID.

The default DSN is SpliceODBC64.


from sqlalchemy import create_engine
url = 'splicemachinesa://SpliceODBC64'
engine = create_engine(url)


  1. First make sure you have a fresh installation of Splice Machine running (either Standalone or Cloud/Bespoke/On-Prem) with an appropriate SQLAlchemy Splice Machine connection string for accessing it
# register any changes for testing
cd /path/to/splice_sqlalchemy
sudo pip install .
sudo pip install pytest
py.test -vv --db-url 'splicemachinesa://[...]'

Features not yet supported

  • Common Table Expressions
  • Indices Reflection
  • Check + Unicode Reflection
  • Nullable Reflection
  • Empty Set Insertion
  • Unicode String Support
  • Reflector for Order by Foreign Key
  • limit_offset_in_unions_from_alias

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