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SSH Kernel

Project description

SSH Kernel

SSH Kernel is a Jupyter kernel specialized in executing commands remotely with paramiko SSH client.

Major requirements

  • Python3.5+
  • IPython 7.0+

Recommended system requirements

Host OS (running notebook server):

  • Ubuntu 18.04+
  • Windows 10 WSL (Ubuntu 18.04+)

Target OS (running sshd):

  • Ubuntu16.04+
  • CentOS6+


Please adopt installation option depends on your Python environment.

pip install -U sshkernel
python -m sshkernel install [--user|--sys-prefix]
# `python -m sshkernel install --help` for more information.

Verify that sshkernel is installed correctly by listing available Jupyter kernel specs:

$ jupyter kernelspec list
Available kernels:
  python3        /tmp/env/share/jupyter/kernels/python3
  ssh            /tmp/env/share/jupyter/kernels/ssh  # <--

  (Path differs depends on environment)

To upgrade:

pip install --upgrade sshkernel

To uninstall:

jupyter kernelspec remove ssh
pip uninstall sshkernel

Notes about python environment

The latest version of this library is mainly developed with Python 3.7.3 installed with pyenv.

CI is performed with Python3.6 and 3.7 on Debian based container without conda, and manual test is performed with Ubuntu based container with conda, which derived from official Jupyter Notebook stack. Anaconda on Windows 10 is also confirmed, but is less tested in our development/production.

Getting Started

Basic examples of using SSH Kernel:


SSH Kernel obtains configuration data from ~/.ssh/config file to connect servers.

Possible keywords are as follows:

  • HostName
  • User
  • Port
  • IdentityFile
  • ForwardAgent

Notes about private keys

  • As private key files in ~/.ssh/ are discoverable, you do not necessarily specify IdentityFile
  • If you use a ed25519 key, please generate with or convert into old PEM format
    • e.g. ssh-keygen -m PEM -t ed25519 ...
    • This is because paramiko library doesn't support latest format "RFC4716"

Configuration examples


Host myserver
  User admin
  Port 2222
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa_myserver
  ForwardAgent yes

Host *
  User ubuntu


Host another-server

Minimal example:


# If you specify a FQDN / IP address, same login user, and discoverable private key,
# no configuration needed

See also a tutorial above in detail.

Parameterized run

See examples/parameterized-notebook.


  • As Jupyter Notebook has limitation to handle stdin, you may need to change some server configuration and commands to avoid interactive input.
    • e.g. use publickey-authentication instead of password, enable NOPASSWD for sudo, use expect
  • Some shell variables are different from normal interactive shell
    • e.g. $?, $$


This software is released under the terms of the Modified BSD License.

Logo from Wikimedia Commons is licensed under CC BY 3.0.

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