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A set of decorators and helper methods for adding statsd metrics to applications.

Project description

Statsdecor

Software License Build Status

A set of decorators and helper methods for adding statsd metrics to applications.

Installation

You can use pip to install statsdecor:

pip install statsdecor

Configuration

You must use statsdecor.configure to configure the internal statsd client before calling other methods:

import statsdecor

statsdecor.configure(host='localhost', prefix='superapp.')

Configuration is generally setup during your application's bootstrap. Once set configuration values are re-used in all clients that statsdecor creates.

Usage

You can track metrics with either the module functions, or decorators. Incrementing and decrementing counters looks like:

Metric functions

import statsdecor

statsdecor.incr('save.succeeded')
statsdecor.decr('attempts.remaining')
statsdecor.gauge('sessions.active', 9001)

Counters and timers can also be set through decorators:

import statsdecor.decorators as stats

@stats.increment('save.succeeded')
def save(self):
    pass

@stats.decrement('attempts.remaining')
def attempt():
    pass

@stats.timed('api_request.duration')
def perform_request(self, req)
    pass

When using decorators, metrics are only tracked if the decorated function does not raise an error.

Context

Statsdecor includes a context manager that can help measure latency and volume while using metric tags to classify their success & failure. For example, suppose you are making a call to a remote service and wish to write a wrapper that collects latency, volume and failure metrics.

With our knowledge about how the client library indicates errors we can make a context manager based on StatsContext:

from statsdecor.context import StatsContext

class FoobarClientMetrics(StatsContext):
    def __init__(self, tags=None):
        tags = list(tags or [])
        tags += ['caller:example_1']
        super(ThingyStatsContext, self).__self__('thingy_client', tags=tags)

    def exit_hook(self, exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb):
        if exc_val is not None:
            self.add_tags('result:failure')
        else:
            self.add_tags('result:success')

        # Bonus: since we have the exception, classify the error type
        if isinstance(exc_val, PermissionDenied):
            self.add_tags('error:permissiondenied')
        elif isinstance(exc_val, TimeOut):
            self.add_tags('error:timeout')
        elif exc_val is not None:
            self.add_tags('error:exception')

Now writing wrapper functions with metrics is simple:

def foobar_get_clients(**args):
    with FoobarClientMetrics(tags=['method:get_clients']) as stats:
        result = call_foobar_get_client(**args)

        # We know all foo methods return result['status_code'] so let's
        # add a status_code tag!
        stats.add_tags('status_code:{}'.format(result["status_code"]'))
        return result

def foobar_add_client(**args):
    with FoobarClientMetrics(tags=['method:add_client']) as stats:
        result = call_foobar_add_client(**args)
        stats.add_tags('status_code:{}'.format(result["status_code"]'))
        return result

Now we can graph:

  • volume of calls grouped by the method tag
  • average response time, excluding errors (timeouts will no longer skew the average)
  • volume of errors grouped by method, and/or type

Development

Testing and coverage

make test
make coverage

You can track metrics with either the module functions, or decorators. Incrementing

Releasing

statsdecor uses semver for version numbers. Before tagging, check for all changes since the last tag for breaking changes, new features, and/or bugfixes.

  1. edit VERSION
  2. commit/pr/merge bump to VERSION
  3. make tag
  4. make test-release (requires TestPyPI creds in ~/.pypirc as testpypi)
  5. make release (requires PyPI creds in ~/.pypirc as pypi)

Project details


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