A library to walk through tar archives, simplifying use by handling listing and decompression.
This library provides two (2) classes for scanning directories and tar archives to easily access matching files within them.
- TarWalker handles walking through tar archives, including optionally recursively walking through tar archives contained within them.
- TarDirWalker this expands on TarWalker by also scanning directory paths, and handling the files and tar archives found within them.
The primary difference is that TarWalker will throw an exception if given a directory.
Install the package using pip, eg:
sudo pip install tarwalker
Or for a specific version:
sudo python3 -m pip install tarwalker
The following is simple tool to look for a given string within files. Files can be given as arguments or within tarballs, and must end with either ‘.log’ (w/an optional numeric suffix) or with ‘.txt’:
import re import sys from tarwalker import TarWalker PATTERN = re.compile(r'.*\.(txt|log(\.\d+)?)$') def handler(fileobj, filename, arch, info, match): try: for line in fileobj: if text in line: path = (arch + ':') if arch else '' print("Found in: " + path + filename) return except IOError as exc: pass text = sys.argv walker = TarWalker(file_handler=handler, name_matcher=PATTERN.match, recurse=False) for arg in sys.argv[2:]: walker.handle_path(arg)
Constructors and Callbacks
Constructing an instance of TarWalker or TarDirWalker take the same parameters. Note that at most one of file_matcher or name_matcher is allowed.
file_handler (required) a callable taking five (5) positional parameters:
FILEOBJ - a readable file object for the file contents.
FILEPATH - a str with the filename, either as one of:
- the file path given to handle_path(), or
- the path of a file found beneath a directory given to handle_path().
- the file path of a file within an expanded tar archive.
ARCHNAME - a str path of the tar archive name, when handling a file found within a tar archive. It will be a colon (‘:’) separated list if reading a recursive tar archive.
FILEINFO - may be None or an object with the following attributes. See “os.stat()” for more details:
- name - the str name of the file,
- size - the size of the file in bytes,
- mtime - modification time, in POSIX (epoch) time,
- mode - the file permission bits,
- uid - the file owner’s User ID, and
- gid - the file owner’s Group ID
MATCH - the value returned from the name_matcher or file_matcher call.
NOTE: files with a compression suffix will have the suffix removed, and the file object will return decompressed contents. For example, for “foo.txt.gz” FILEPATH would be “foo.txt” and FILEOBJ would be the equivalent contents of “foo.txt”.
file_matcher (optional) a callable that takes two (2) positional parameters and returns true if the file should be opened and passed to the file_handler callback:
- FILEPATH - See FILEPATH above.
- FILEINFO - See FILEINFO above.
name_matcher (optional) a callable that takes one (1) positional parameter and returns true if the file be opened and passed to *file_handler:
- FILEPATH - See file_handler, above.
recurse (optional) If true, the algorithm will recurse into tarballs found within other tarballs. Furthermore, if recurse is a callable it will be called before and after opening an interior tarball, with four (4) positional parameters:
- START - a bool that indicates recursion into the given tarball is starting; it is False on the second call.
- TARNAME - name of the contained (interior) tarball, see FILEPATH above.
- ARCHIVE - the name of the containing (exterior) tarball, see ARCHNAME above.
- FILEINFO - See FILEINFO above.
- The ARCHNAME passed to the file_handler callback uses ‘:’ as a separator, which is a legal filename component, so does not necessarily indicate a nested archive.