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Opinionated Python toolbox

Project description

Opinionated Python toolbox

Master branch: Build Status

Prerequisites

  • Redis server for Counters and Python Queue implementations.

Installation

$ pip install techies
$ pip install techies --upgrade

In The Box

Counters (backed by Redis)

New in 0.2.0 techies.MultiCounter is a stateless multi-event counter, based on Redis Hash.

from techies import MultiCounter

counter = MultiCounter(key='demo_counter')

counter.incr('event_1')
counter.incr('event_1')
counter.incr('event_2')
counter.incr('event_3')
counter.incr('event_2')

print(counter.get_count('event_1'))  # 2
print(counter.get_count('event_2'))  # 2
print(counter.get_count('event_3'))  # 1
print(counter.get_count('event_null'))  # 0

print(counter.json())  # {u'event_2': u'4', u'event_3': u'2', u'event_1': u'4'}
print(unicode(counter))  # {"event_2": "2", "event_3": "1", "event_1": "2"}
print(str(counter))  # same as above

# clears the counts
counter.clear()

New in 0.2.0 techies.TsCounter is a stateless multi-key, single-event timestamp counter, based on Redis Hash.

from techies import TsCounter
import time

# initialize with chunk_size and ttl defined
counter = TsCounter(
    key='demo_event',
    chunk_size=24 * 60 * 60,
    ttl=48 * 60 * 60
)
# or call initialize() method later to customize chunk_size and/or ttl
counter.initialize(chunk_size=24 * 60 * 60, ttl=48 * 60 * 60)

t = time.time()

counter.incr(timestamp=t - 86400)
counter.incr(timestamp=t - 86400)
counter.incr(timestamp=t)
counter.incr(timestamp=t - 86400)
counter.incr(timestamp=t + 86400)
counter.incr(timestamp=t + 86400)

print(counter.get_count(timestamp=t - 86400))  # 3
print(counter.get_count(timestamp=t))  # 1
print(counter.get_count(timestamp=t + 86400))  # 2

print(counter.json())  # {u'demo_event:1429142400': {u'1429162301': u'3'}, u'demo_event:1429228800': {u'1429248701': u'1'}, u'demo_event:1429315200': {u'1429335101': u'2'}}
print(unicode(counter))  # {"demo_event:1429142400": {"1429162301": "3"}, "demo_event:1429228800": {"1429248701": "1"}, "demo_event:1429315200": {"1429335101": "2"}}
print(str(counter))  # same as above

# clears the counts
counter.clear()

techies.StateCounter is a single event state counter, based on Redis Hash. Project `tidehunter <https://github.com/woozyking/tidehunter>`__ is built around the concept and APIs of this counter, you can find some extended usage example on its project page. Breaking API Changes from 0.1.4 to 0.2.0: StateCounter now has a new behavior when its objects are casted by str and unicode. get_all() is now json(), and started and stopped are now properties instead of methods.

Python Queue Implementations (backed by Redis)

techies.Queue, based on Redis List. Interfaces are almost standard queue compatible.

from techies import Queue

q = Queue(key='demo_q', host='localhost', port=6379, db=0)

# put, or enqueue
q.put('lol')
q.put('dota')
q.put('skyrim')
q.put('dota')

# Check size of the queue, two ways
print(q.qsize())  # 4
print(len(q))  # 4

# get, or dequeue
print(q.get())  # 'lol'
print(q.get())  # 'dota'
print(q.get())  # 'skyrim'
print(q.get())  # 'dota'
print(q.get())  # ''

# clear the queue
q.clear()

techies.UniQueue, based on Redis Sorted Set. Inherits techies.Queue but ignores repetitive items, keeps items unique. Score of the sorted set member is epoch timestamp from time.time().

from techies import UniQueue

q = UniQueue(key='demo_q', host='localhost', port=6379, db=0)

# put, or enqueue
q.put('lol')
q.put('dota')
q.put('skyrim')
q.put('dota')  # this one is ignored

# Check size of the unique queue, two ways
print(q.qsize())  # 3
print(len(q))  # 3

# get, or dequeue
print(q.get())  # 'lol'
print(q.get())  # 'dota'
print(q.get())  # 'skyrim'
print(q.get())  # ''  # only 3 unique items

# clear the queue
q.clear()

techies.CountQueue, based on Redis Sorted Set. Inherits techies.UniQueue but score is used as a count of item appearance, that the item has the highest count gets placed in front to be get first.

from techies import CountQueue

q = CountQueue(key='demo_q', host='localhost', port=6379, db=0)

# put, or enqueue
q.put('lol')
q.put('dota')
q.put('skyrim')
q.put('dota')  # increment the count of the existing 'dota'

# Check size of the unique queue, two ways
print(q.qsize())  # 3
print(len(q))  # 3

# get, or dequeue
print(q.get())  # ('dota', 2)  # the one with the most count is returned first
print(q.get())  # ('lol', 1)
print(q.get())  # ('skyrim', 1)
print(q.get())  # ()  # only 3 unique items still

# clear the queue
q.clear()

Python logging.Handler Implementation

techies.QueueHandler, inherits standard logging.Handler that emit to any standard Queue compatible implementations, including all the Queue implementations in this library.

import logging
from techies import (
    Queue, UniQueue, CountQueue, QueueHandler, REF_LOG_FORMAT
)
from techies.compat import xrange

if __name__ == '__main__':
    key = 'test_q'
    q = Queue(key=key, host='localhost', port=6379, db=0)
    uq = UniQueue(key=key, host='localhost', port=6379, db=1)
    cq = CountQueue(key=key, host='localhost', port=6379, db=2)

    logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

    for i in [q, uq, cq]:
        handler = QueueHandler(i)
        handler.setFormatter(logging.Formatter(REF_LOG_FORMAT))
        logger.addHandler(handler)

    # Enqueue multiple times of the same error
    for i in xrange(3):
        try:
            1 / 0
        except ZeroDivisionError as e:
            logger.error(e)

    # simple queue, should print error log 3 times
    while len(q):
        print(q.get())

    # unique queue, should just have 1 item in this case
    print(len(uq) == 1)
    print(uq.get())

    # count queue, should just have 1 item as unique queue
    print(len(cq) == 1)
    print(cq.get()[1])  # 3, the count of the same item

    for i in [q, uq, cq]:
        i.clear()

Test (Unit Tests)

To run unit tests locally, make sure that you have Redis server installed and running locally, where DB 0 is not occupied by any data that you cannot afford to lose.

$ pip install -r requirements.txt
$ pip install -r test_requirements.txt
$ nosetests --with-coverage --cover-package=techies

License

The MIT License (MIT). See the full LICENSE.

Contributors

Changelog

0.2.0 (2015-04-17)

  • Removed hiredis from requirements.txt since it is not a hard requirement. Users who wish to take advantage of hiredis can always install it themselves, following the concept of redis-py.
  • Added MultiCounter, a stateless multi-event counter, based on Redis Hash.
  • Added TsCounter, a stateless timestamp counter based on Redis Hash, and making use of multiple keys to group timestamps, with auto expiration based on Redis key TTL mechanism.
  • Breaking Change: StateCounter now has a new behavior when its objects are casted by str and unicode. get_all() is now json(). This change directly reflects the underlying change described in the next point. Also, started and stopped are now properties instead of methods.
  • Simplified techies.landmines.RedisBase by factoring out its new child class techies.landmines.RedisHashBase. All Redis Hash based implementations now extends from this class to get unicode dict by calling json() method (previously get_all()), and unicode string serialization of the dict by casting the objects using str or unicode (both behave exactly the same).

0.1.4 (2014-01-22)

  • Added StateCounter, a state counter based on Redis Hash. To see an example of its usage, see tidehunter.
  • Included hiredis in requirements.txt for added performance gain.

0.1.3 (2014-01-20)

  • Added QueueHandler, inherits standard logging.Handler that emit to any standard Queue compatible implementations, including all the Queue implementations in this library
  • Exposed direct accessibility of all intended APIs, for example, from techies import Queue; or if you will, from techies import *
  • Behavior of CountQueue.get has changed from just returning the item value to a tuple of item value and its number of appearances in the queue, eg: ('dota', 2); an empty tuple is returned when the CountQueue is empty

0.1.2 (2014-01-17)

  • Added CountQueue, inherits UniQueue but the score is used as a count of item appearance, that the item has the highest count gets placed in front to be get first
  • Behavior of all Queue and its subclasses’ put and put_nowait methods changed from return certain value to not return anything (more Python standard Queue like)

0.1.1 (2014-01-16)

  • Python 3.2 and 3.3 supported now
  • Behavior of both Queue and UniQueue’s get method changed from returning None to empty “native string” (unicode for Python 2.x, str for Python 3.x) when attempting to dequeue from an empty queue

0.1.0 (2014-01-16)

  • Initial release with Redis backed Queue and UniQueue

Project details


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