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a collection of function decorators to handle common procedures done on the entry and exit points.

Project description

This module provides a collection of function decorators to handle common procedures done on the entry and exit points.

Installation

This library can be installed using pip with the following command.

pip install terse

Directory

In Directory

Before the function is executed, the current working directory is saved and the directory is changed to the provided path. After the function has completed, the directory is changed to the saved working directory. Caution: This is intended for single threaded usage. Threads should use absolute paths.

from terse import in_dir
from glob import glob
import os

# Returns all files and directories at file system's root.
@in_dir('/')
def root_files():
    return glob('*')

# Prints current working directory.
print(os.getcwd())
# Prints fils gathered from root.
print(root_files())
# Demonstrates current working directory is preserved.
print(os.getcwd())

Invoke

Main

Sets the function up to be the file’s main function. If the file is main, then the function is executed. The return value will attempt to be converted to a value that can be passed to sys.exit; however if no value can be converted, it’s assumed the function exited successfully.

Traditionally in Python you do the following to create the main entry point in the file.

def main():
    print("Hello World!")


if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

This can be replaced by the following.

from terse import main

@main
def main_impl():
    print("Hello World!")

On Exit

No Raise

Decorator will catch all exceptions leaked or produced by callee. If provided with callback function, then the callback will only be invoked when an exception occurs. If provided with instead_return, then the value will be returned when an exception occurs.

from terse import no_except

def log(function, exception):
    print('LOG: %s' % exception)

# If exception is given, raise given exception.
# Otherwise, return True
@no_raise(instead_return=False, callback=log)
def example(exception=None):
    if exception:
        raise exception
    return True

# Example with no parameters raises no exceptions,
# makes no calls to log, returns True.
assert example() == True

# Example with parameter raises given exception,
# makes a call to log, surpresses exception and
# returns False.
assert example(False) == False

On Returned

Decorator will invoke callback whenever a value in args is returned by function.

from terse import on_returned
from enum import Enum

class Status(Enum):
    SUCCESS = 0
    FAILED = 1
    CONNECTION_FAILED = 2
    DISK_FAILED = 3

def log(function, returned):
    print("LOG: %s" % returned)

# The following are examples for two uses of on_returned.
# First is for any return value and the second is for a
# set of return values.



# ANY RETURN VALUE

# Function example_any returns any value passed in.
# on_returned will invoke log for any return value.
@on_returned(log)
def example_any(val):
    return val

# Log invoked: prints "LOG: Status.SUCCESS"
assert example_any(Status.SUCCESS) == Status.SUCCESS

# Log invoked: prints "LOG: Status.FAILED"
assert example_any(Status.FAILED) == Status.FAILED

# Log invoked: prints "LOG: None"
assert example_any(None) == None

# Log invoked: prints "LOG:1"
assert example_any(1) == 1



# SET OF RETURN VALUES

# Function example_set returns any value passed in.
# on_returned will invoke log whenever values FAILED,
# CONNECTION_FAILED or DISK_FAILED from enum Status are
# returned by example.
@on_returned(log, Status.FAILED, Status.CONNECTION_FAILED, Status.DISK_FAILED)
def example_set(val):
    return val

# log is not invoked.
assert example_set(Status.SUCCESS) == Status.SUCCESS

# Log invoked: prints "LOG: Status.FAILED"
assert example_set(Status.FAILED) == Status.FAILED

# Log invoked: prints "LOG: Status.CONNECTION_FAILURE"
assert example_set(Status.CONNECTION_FAILED) == Status.CONNECTION_FAILED

# Log invoked: prints "LOG: Status.DISK_FAILURE"
assert example_set(Status.DISK_FAILED) == Status.DISK_FAILED

On Raised

Decorator will invoke callback whenever exception of type in args is raised by function.

from terse import on_exception

def log(function, exception):
    print(returned)

# The following are examples for two uses of on_raised.
# First is for any exception and the second is a set of
# exceptions.



# ANY EXCEPTION EXAMPLE

# If exception is given, raise given exception.
# Otherwise, return True
# on_raised will invoke log for all exceptions
# raised by example_any.
@on_raised(log)
def example_any(exception=None)
    if exception:
        raise exception
    return True

# example_any is given no exceptions to throw.
# Therefore, it will raise nothing and return True.
assert example_any() == True

# example_any is given ZeroDivisionError exception.
# It will raise ZeroDivisionError instance.
# on_raised detects exception raised and invokes log.
try:
    example_any(ZeroDivisionError())
    assert False
except ZeroDivisionError:
    pass

# example_any is given ValueError exception.
# It will raise ValueError instance.
# on_raised detects exception raised and invokes log.
try:
    example_any(ValueError())
    assert False
except ValueError:
    pass

# example_any is given KeyError exception.
# It will raise KeyError instance.
# on_raised detects exception raised and invokes log.
try:
    example_any(KeyError())
    assert False
except ValueError:
    pass



# SET OF EXCEPTIONS EXAMPLE

# If exception is given, raise given exception.
# Otherwise, return True.
# on_raised will only invoke log for ZeroDivisionError
# and ValueError. All other exceptions are ignored by
# on_raised.
@on_raised(log, ZeroDivisionError, ValueError)
def example_set(exception=None)
    if exception:
        raise exception
    return True

# example_set is given no exceptions to throw.
# Therefore, it will raise nothing and return True.
assert example_set() == True

# example_set is given ZeroDivisionError exception.
# It will raise ZeroDivisionError instance.
# on_raised detects exception raised and invokes log.
try:
    example_set(ZeroDivisionError())
    assert False
except ZeroDivisionError:
    pass

# example_set is given ValueError exception.
# It will raise ValueError instance.
# on_raised detects exception raised and invokes log.
try:
    example_set(ValueError())
    assert False
except ValueError:
    pass

# example_set is given KeyError exception.
# It will raise KeyError instance.
# example_set detects exception, but it will not
# invoke log because KeyError is not in the set of
# exceptions to be tracked.
try:
    example_set(KeyError())
    assert False
except ValueError:
    pass

Project details


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