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tflite_runtime, but easier.

Project description

tflit 🔥

Because WTH tflite_runtime?

interpreter.invoke()? interpreter.set_tensor(input_details[0]['index'], X)?

Having to select a platform-specific url from here?

Uh no. certainly not 🔥.

What this does:

  • Detects your platform + Python version so you don't have to pick the right url and you can add tflite_runtime as a dependency without having to pick a single platform to support.
  • Creates a familiar keras-like interface for models, so you can do tflit.Model(path).predict(X) without ever having to think about tensor indexes or three step predictions, or batching.

Helpful Links:


pip install tflit


I tried to provide an interface as similar to Keras as possible.

import tflit

model = tflit.Model('path/to/model.tflite')
model.summary()  # prints input and output details

print(model.input_shape)   # (10, 30)  - a single input
print(model.output_shape)  # [(5, 2), (1, 2)]  - two outputs
print(model.dtype)         # 'float32'

# *see notes below
print(model.input_names)   # may not preserve names (based on how you export)
print(model.output_names)  # doesn't preserve names atm

# predict over batches of outputs.
y_pred = model.predict(np.random.randn(32, 10, 30))

# predict single output at a time
y_pred = model.predict_batch(np.random.randn(1, 10, 30))

Additional tflite stuff not in Keras

# remember, you can access the tflite_runtime interpreter directly
# so if something is being weird, please submit an issue, but also
# there's not that much code in here so just look here to figure out
# the right way:
interpreter = model.interpreter

# change the model's batch size

# reset the model variables

# get tensor by index
model.input(1)  # 2nd input
model.output(0)  # 1st output

# get tensor value copy by index
model.input_value(1)  # 2nd input
model.output_value(0)  # 1st output

Dark Ages

Just for reference, this is how I used to do it:

def load_tflite_model_function(model_path, **kw):
    import tflite_runtime.interpreter as tflite
    compute = prepare_model_function(tflite.Interpreter(model_path), **kw)
    compute.model_path = model_path
    return compute

def prepare_model_function(model, verbose=False):
    # assumes a single input and output
    in_dets = model.get_input_details()[0]
    out_dets = model.get_output_details()[0]

    def compute(x):
        # set inputs
        model.set_tensor(in_dets['index'], X.astype(in_dets['dtype']))
        # compute outputs
        # get outputs
        return model.get_tensor(out_dets['index'])

    if verbose:
        print('-- Input details --')
        print(in_dets, '\n')
        print('-- Output details --')
        print(out_dets, '\n')

    # set input and output shapes so they're easily accessible
    compute.input_shape = in_dets['shape'][1:]
    compute.output_shape = out_dets['shape'][1:]
    return compute

This was cleaner than the code that I factored it out from, but it is still unnecessarily complex and I got tired after copying it over to my 3rd project. This also doesn't handle things like multiple inputs/outputs or batching.


  • Update 7/8/21: Tensorflow has gotten a bit better about being able to pip install tflite_runtime - however, I don't understand why they won't just release it to PyPI, like I'm sure it's just like one or two devs at google, but like if you're already pushing to google coral, why can't you just install twine too? So now you can install it with: pip install --index-url tflite_runtime, except, you have to specify the index url specifically (UGH!)

  • I was having trouble getting tflite_runtime to install as a dependency in so right now, it's just installing on first run if it's not already installed. I'll probably fix that at some point... but I have other things that I need to be doing and this is working atm. Hopefully tensorflow will just start deploying to pypi and this will all be resolved. Not sure what's going on there...

  • It's possible that tflite_runtime may not have a build for your system. Check this link to verify.

  • There's a bug with the current tflite converter where it doesn't copy over the input and output names.

    However, if you do this when you're exporting, the input names will be saved:

    converter = tf.lite.TFLiteConverter.from_keras_model(model)
    converter.experimental_new_converter = True  # <<< this
    tflite_model = converter.convert()

    But still no luck with the output names :/. To be clear, this is a tensorflow issue and I have no control over this.

  • I intended to have a model.set_batch_size method to change the batch size at runtime, but it doesn't currently work because tflite freaks out about there being an increased tensor size (it doesn't know how to broadcast). This is also a tensorflow issue.

    For the time being, we just compute one batch at a time and concatenate them at the end. If the model's fixed batch size doesn't divide evenly, it will throw an error. By default, tflite converts None batch sizes to 1 so most of the time it won't be a problem. To compute a single frame, it is more efficient to use model.predict_batch(X) directly.

I would love to get both of these resolved, but they are out of my control and I don't really have the bandwidth or the urgent need to have these resolved.

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