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Tagging support for TurboGears2 applications

Project description

About Tagging

tgext.tagging is a TurboGears2 library that permits to quickly add tagging to any project managing tags, tagging, tag clouds and widgets to list, remove and add tags to entities.


tgext.tagging can be installed both from pypi or from bitbucket:

pip install tgext.tagging

should just work for most of the users

Enabling Tagging Management

For TurboGears 2.2+ using tgext.pluggables is suggested:

from tgext.pluggable import plug
plug(base_config, 'tgext.tagging')

For previous versions edit model/ and add the following lines:

import tgext.tagging
Tag, Tagging = tgext.tagging.setup_model()

most of the utitiles to manage tagging are exposed by the Tagging class they expose:

  • Tag.lookup(tag_name) -> Returns the Tag instance for the given tag name

  • Tag.lookup_list(comma_separated_tags) -> Returns the tags instances for each entry in the tags list.

  • Tagging.items_for_tags(Model, comma_separated_tags) -> Returns the list of items having the given tags

  • Tagging.tag_cloud_for_object(item) -> Returns the list of tags for the given object

  • Tagging.tag_cloud_for_set(Model, items=None) -> Returns the tag cloud for the given set of items. if a list of items is passed it will retrieve tags for the given list, otherwise for all the items of the given Model.

  • Tagging.tag_cloud_for_user(user, Model=None) -> Returns all the tags set by the given user. if any Model is passed it will retrieve tags only for that model.

  • Tagging.add_tags(item, comma_separated_tags) -> Add the given tags to the item

  • Tagging.del_tags(item, comma_separated_tags) -> Removes the given tags from the item

  • Tagging.set_tags(item, comma_separated_tags) -> Replaces all the tags of the item with the new list

Tagging Controller

tgext.tagging provides a controller to manage tagging. Enable it inside your project with the following code:

from tgext.tagging.controllers import TaggingController

class RootController(BaseController):
    tagging = TaggingController(model=Group, session=DBSession, allow_edit=None)

You can enable multiple TaggingController one for each model available in your application. The model parameter indicates for which model objects tags will be managed, session is the sqlalchemy session used to perform queries and allow_edit is the repoze.what predicates used to check if to show editing functions.

The controller provides tags, add, remove, search actions:

  • /tags/id -> Partial view that can be loaded with jQuery.load that displays a taglist with form to add/remove tags for the given object.

  • /add/id?tags=tag1,tag2,tag3 -> Permits to add one or more tags to the item

  • /remove/id?tags=tag1,tag2 -> Permits to remove one or more tags from the item

  • /search?tags=tag1,tag -> Searches for items having the given tags, will use Model.tagging_display method to display the results if available. Otherwise str(Model) is performed.

Tagging Widgets

tgext.tagging provides some widgets to manage tags. tgext.tagging.widgets.TagList and tgext.tagging.widget.TagCloud are provided. Both take a tagging_url parameter at construction which points to the url of the tagging controller that can be used by the widget to manage tags. By default this points to /tagging. TagList widget also takes a editmode parameter which permits to specify if controls to add and remove tags must be shown or not.

At rendering TagList takes an object as argument and will show the tag list for the given object, while TagCloud takes a tag cloud returned by Tagging.tag_cloud_for_object, Tagging.tag_cloud_for_set or Tagging.tag_cloud_for_user and will show a weighted tag cloud.

Using with SQLITE

tgext.tagging relies heavily on SAVEPOINT to correctly handle tagging uniqueness. The default SQLite behaviour is incompatible with savepoints and requires some additional changes which are not required when working with MySQL or Postgres.

Usually to make SQLite and zope.sqlalchemy properly behave the following code is required before using your models:

from sqlalchemy import event

@event.listens_for(engine, "connect")
def do_connect(dbapi_connection, connection_record):
    # Disable SQLITE automatic transactions
    dbapi_connection.isolation_level = None

@event.listens_for(engine, "begin")
def do_begin(conn):
    # Manually emit SQLITE transaction begin

# Tell zope.sqlalchemy that SQLITE now supports SAVEPOINT
from zope.sqlalchemy import datamanager
datamanager.NO_SAVEPOINT_SUPPORT = set()

Forgetting to properly place this code will usually result in errors like:

(OperationalError) no such savepoint: sa_savepoint_3 u'ROLLBACK TO SAVEPOINT sa_savepoint_3' ()


TypeError: ('Savepoints unsupported', <zope.sqlalchemy.datamanager.SessionDataManager object at 0x7fe9feae45d0>)

See SQLite Serializable for additional details.

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