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ticdat is a Python package that provides lightweight, ORM style functionality around either a dict-of-dicts or pandas.DataFrame representation of tables. It is well suited for defining and validating the input data for complex solve engines (i.e. optimization and scheduling-type problems).

ticdat functionality is organized around two classes - TicDatFactory and PanDatFactory. Both classes define a simple database style schema on construction. Data integrity rules can then be added in the form of foreign key relationships, data field types (to include numerical ranges and allowed strings) and row predicates (functions that check if a given row violates a particular data condition). The factory classes can then be used to construct TicDat/PanDat objects that contain tables consistent with the defined schema. By design, ticdat, allows these data objects to violate the data integrity rules while providing convenient bulk query functions to determine where those violations occur.

TicDat objects (created by a TicDatFactory) contain tables in a dict-of-dict format. The outer dictionary maps primary key values to data rows. The inner dictionaries are data rows indexed by field names (similar to csv.DictReader/csv.DictWriter). Tables that do not have primary keys are rendered as a list of data row dictionaries.

PanDat objects (created by PanDatFactory) render tables as pandas.DataFrame objects. The columns in each DataFrame will contain all of the primary key and data fields that were defined in the PanDatFactory schema. The PanDatFactory code can be thought of as implementing a shim library that organizes DataFrame objects into a predefined schema, and facilitates rich integrity checks based on schema defined rules.

The ticdat example library is focused on two patterns for building optimization engines - using TicDatFactory in conjunction with gurobipy and using PanDatFactory in conjunction with amplpy. That said, ticdat can also be used with libraries like pyomo, pulp, docplex and xpress. It also has functionality to support the OPL and LINGO modeling languages, although the AMPL support is far more mature.

ticdat is also useful for machine-learning applications. In this case, one typically uses PanDatFactory to provide ORM-like functionality on top of pandas, as well as to simplify the munging of time stamp data and text columns that contain exclusively numbers.

The ticdat library is distributed under the BSD2 open source license.

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