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Text Mining and Topic Modeling Toolkit

Project description

tmtookit: Text mining and topic modeling toolkit

tmtoolkit is a set of tools for text mining and topic modeling with Python developed especially for the use in the social sciences. It aims for easy installation, extensive documentation and a clear programming interface while offering good performance on large datasets by the means of vectorized operations (via NumPy) and parallel computation (using Python’s multiprocessing module). It combines several known and well-tested packages such as NLTK or SciPy.

At the moment, tmtoolkit focuses on methods around the Bag-of-words model, but word embeddings may be integrated in the future.

The documentation for tmtoolkit is available on and the GitHub code repository is on


Text preprocessing

tmtoolkit implements several preprocessing methods, including:

  • tokenization
  • part-of-speech (POS) tagging
  • lemmatization
  • stemming
  • cleaning tokens
  • filtering tokens
  • filtering documents
  • generating n-grams
  • generating document-term matrices
  • keywords-in-context (KWIC)
  • “glueing” of specified subsequent tokens, e.g. ["Brad", "Pitt"] becomes ["Brad_Pitt"]

All text preprocessing methods can operate in parallel to speed up computations with large datasets.

Topic modeling

  • model computation in parallel for different copora and/or parameter sets

  • support for lda, scikit-learn and gensim topic modeling backends

  • evaluation of topic models (e.g. in order to an optimal number of topics for a given dataset) using several implemented metrics:

  • plotting of evaluation results

  • common statistics for topic models such as word saliency and distinctiveness (Chuang et al. 2012), topic-word relevance (Sievert and Shirley 2014)

  • finding topics according to word patterns

  • export estimated document-topic and topic-word distributions to Excel

  • visualize topic-word distributions and document-topic distributions as word clouds or heatmaps

  • coherence for individual topics

  • integrate PyLDAVis to visualize results

Other features

  • loading and cleaning of raw text from text files, tabular files (CSV or Excel), ZIP files or folders
  • common statistics and transformations for document-term matrices like word cooccurrence and tf-idf


  • currently only German and English language texts are supported for language-dependent text preprocessing methods such as POS tagging or lemmatization
  • all data must reside in memory, i.e. no streaming of large data from the hard disk (which for example Gensim supports)
  • no direct support of word embeddings

Built-in datasets

Currently tmtoolkit comes with the following built-in datasets which can be loaded via tmtoolkit.corpus.Corpus.from_builtin_corpus():

About this documentation

This documentation guides you in several chapters from installing tmtoolkit to its specific use cases and shows some examples with built-in corpora and other datasets. All “hands on” chapters from Getting started to Topic modeling are generated from Jupyter Notebooks. If you want to follow along using these notebooks, you can download them from the GitHub repository.

There are also a few other examples as plain Python scripts available in the examples folder of the GitHub repository.


The package tmtoolkit is available on PyPI and can be installed via Python package manager pip. It is highly recommended to install tmtoolkit and its dependencies in a Python Virtual Environment (“venv”) and upgrade to the latest pip version (you may also choose to install virtualenvwrapper, which makes managing venvs a lot easier).

Creating and activating a venv without virtualenvwrapper:

python3 -m venv myenv

# activating the environment (on Windows type "myenv\Scripts\activate.bat")
source myenv/bin/activate

Alternatively, creating and activating a venv with virtualenvwrapper:

mkvirtualenv myenv

# activating the environment
workon myenv

Upgrading pip (only do this when you’ve activated your venv):

pip install -U pip

Now in order to install tmtoolkit, you can choose if you want a minimal installation or install a recommended set of packages that enable most features. For the recommended installation, you can type one of the following, depending on the preferred package for topic modeling:

# recommended installation without topic modeling
pip install -U tmtoolkit[recommended]

# recommended installation with "lda" for topic modeling
pip install -U tmtoolkit[recommended,lda]

# recommended installation with "scikit-learn" for topic modeling
pip install -U tmtoolkit[recommended,sklearn]

# recommended installation with "gensim" for topic modeling
pip install -U tmtoolkit[recommended,gensim]

# you may also select several topic modeling packages
pip install -U tmtoolkit[recommended,lda,sklearn,gensim]

For the minimal installation, you can just do:

pip install -U tmtoolkit

Note: For Linux and MacOS users, it’s also recommended to install the datatable package (see “Optional packages”), which makes many operations faster and more memory efficient.

The tmtoolkit package is about 19MB big, because it contains some example corpora and additional German language model data for POS tagging.

After that, you should initially run tmtoolkit’s setup routine. This makes sure that all required data files are present and downloads them if necessary:

python -m tmtoolkit setup


tmtoolkit works with Python 3.6, 3.7 or 3.8.

Requirements are automatically installed via pip. Additional packages can also be installed via pip for certain use cases (see “Optional packages”).

A special note for Windows users: tmtoolkit has been tested on Windows and works well (I recommend using the Anaconda distribution for Python when using Windows). However, you will need to wrap all code that uses multi-processing (i.e. all calls to tmtoolkit.preprocess.TMPreproc and the parallel topic modeling functions) in a if __name__ == '__main__' block like this:
def main():
    # code with multi-processing comes here
    # ...

if __name__ == '__main__':

Optional packages

For additional features, you can install further packages from PyPI via pip:

  • for faster tabular data creation and access (replaces usage of pandas package in most functions): datatable. Note that datatable is currently only available for Linux and MacOS on Python 3.6 and 3.7.
  • for the word cloud functions: wordcloud and Pillow.
  • for Excel export: openpyxl.
  • for topic modeling, one of the LDA implementations: lda, scikit-learn or gensim.
  • for additional topic model coherence metrics: gensim.

For LDA evaluation metrics griffiths_2004 and held_out_documents_wallach09 it is necessary to install gmpy2 for multiple-precision arithmetic. This in turn requires installing some C header libraries for GMP, MPFR and MPC. On Debian/Ubuntu systems this is done with:

sudo apt install libgmp-dev libmpfr-dev libmpc-dev

After that, gmpy2 can be installed via pip.


Code licensed under Apache License 2.0. See LICENSE file.

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