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Touchstone is a testing framework for your services that focuses on end-to-end and exploratory testing.

Project description

Touchstone

Unit Tests Touchstone Tests

Touchstone is a testing framework for your services that focuses on component, end-to-end, and exploratory testing.

Introduction

Testing Pyramid
Image Credit

Touchstone aims to simplify the top three pieces of the testing pyramid by providing mock implementations of common service dependencies and exposing them via an easy to use testing framework. Whether your app is written in Java, Python, Go, C#, Fortran, or any other language, Touchstone handles its dependencies while you focus on writing tests. Not a single line of component or end-to-end testing code needs to change should you decide to refactor or rewrite your service.

Use Case

Let's say we are building a microservice that is responsible for managing users. The service exposes a REST API and the requirements for each endpoint are as follows:

  • GET /user/{id} - A user is retrieved from a relational database and returned.
  • POST /user - A new user is submitted with a first name and last name. An HTTP call is made to an Email Service where an email is returned for that user. The new user is then saved in a relational database and returned.
  • PUT /user - A user's id, first name, last name, and email are submitted and then updated in a relational database.
  • DELETE /user/{id} - A user is deleted from a relational database. A message is also published to a broker on the exchange: 'user.exchange' with a routing key of: 'user-deleted' and a payload containing the user's id.
  • The service is also listening for messages published to the exchange: 'order-placed.exchange'. When a message is received, the order payload is saved to a NoSQL database.

With Touchstone, it is possible to write component and end-to-end tests for all of the above requirements independent of the language/framework used. For example, we can write a component test for the DELETE /user/{id} endpoint that will ensure the user record is removed from the database and a message is published to the correct exchange with the correct payload. When ran, Touchstone will monitor mock instances of the service's dependencies to ensure the requirements are met. Touchstone also makes it easy to perform exploratory testing locally during development by starting dependencies and populating them with data in a single command.

An example of the above requirements is implemented in a Java/Spring service in this repo. Touchstone tests have been written to test the user endpoint requirements and order messaging requirements.

Installation

pip install touchstone-testing

Requirements:

  • Python 3.6+
  • Docker

Usage

After installation, Touchstone will be available via touchstone in your terminal.
Touchstone has three basic commands:

  • touchstone init - Initialize Touchstone in the current directory. Used for new projects.
  • touchstone run - Run all Touchstone tests and exit. This is typically how you would run your Touchstone tests on a build server. Ports will be auto-discovered in this mode to avoid collisions in case multiple runs occur on the same host. See mocks docs for more information on how to hook into auto-discovered ports.
  • touchstone develop - Start a development session of Touchstone. You would typically use this to develop/debug a service locally. This will keep service dependencies running while you make changes to your Touchstone tests or the services themselves. This will also provide a web interface to each mock dependency for additional debugging. Mocked dependencies can be altered or reset on the fly to make exploratory testing easier.

Touchstone has the following options:

  • --log={LEVEL} - Sets Touchstone's log level.
  • --log-services - Captures service logs and stores them in 'touchstone/logs'.

After running touchstone init, a new directory will be created with the following contents:

/touchstone.yml

Example
Your services and their monitored dependencies are defined here. Default values should be enough in most cases.

  • services: - Each service included in your Touchstone tests is defined here.
    • name: - Default: unnamed-service. The name of the service.
    • type: - Default: networked. The type of service under test. Allowed values: networked, executable
    • tests: - Default: ./tests. The path to Touchstone tests for this service.
    • port: - Default: 8080. The port used for this service.
    • dockerfile: - Default: N/A. Used to containerize the service during touchstone run. If you are only running Touchstone locally, this can be omitted.
    • docker_options - Default: N/A. Additional Docker options to apply to your container.
    • availability_endpoint: - Default: N/A. By default, Touchstone runs a Docker health check to determine the services' health. Supply this value to use URL based health checking. A HTTP status 2xx must be returned from the endpoint to be considered healthy.
    • num_retries: - Default: 20. The number of times Touchstone will try to successfully call the availability_endpoint.
    • seconds_between_retries: - Default: 5. The number of seconds between each retry.
  • mocks: - Each mock dependency your service(s) are being tested against.
    • This is how Touchstone determines which mocked dependencies should be started.
    • View each mock's docs for values and additional configuration.

/defaults

Example
This directory contains YAML files where default values for mocked dependencies are defined. Defaults make it easy to test your service(s) locally by setting up your mock dependencies with sensible defaults. The name of each YAML file should match the name of a mock. For instance, with the MySQL mock, a mysql.yml file would contain default databases and tables to be created as well as statements to insert initial data. View each mock's docs for allowable values.

/tests

Example
This directory is the default location for your Touchstone tests. This can optionally be configured for each service in touchstone.yml.
Touchstone follows a given, when, then testing pattern. Each test is declared in a Python file prefixed with test_ containing classes that extend TouchstoneTest. By extending this class, you can access Touchstone mocked dependencies to setup and then verify your requirements. For example, we can insert a user document into a Mongo DB collection, send a "PUT" request to our service with an updated email address, and then verify the updated document exists:

class UpdateUser(TouchstoneTest):
    def given(self) -> object:
        self.mocks.mongodb.setup().insert_document('my_db', 'users', {'name': 'Foo', 'email': 'bar@example.com'})
        user_update = {'name': 'Foo', 'email': 'foo@example.com'}
        return user_update # user_update is passed to "when" and "then" for reference

    def when(self, given) -> object:
        result = http.put_json(f'{self.service_url}/user', given)
        return result # The response from our service could be returned here for additional validation in "then"

    def then(self, given, result) -> bool:
        return self.mocks.mongodb.verify().document_exists('my_db', 'users', given)

Important APIs:

  • self.mocks - Hook into Touchstone managed mock dependencies.
  • self.service_url - The service under test's URL. Useful for calling RESTful endpoints on the service under test.
  • touchstone.helpers.validation - Contains methods for easily validating test results. validation.ANY can be used to accept any value which is useful when the expected value is unknown. This only works when validating dicts or JSON.
  • touchstone.helpers.http - Contains methods for easily making HTTP requests. Contains helper methods for making JSON CRUD requests.

Mocks

If a specific mock is not supported, consider building your service independent of the implementation layer. For example, if you have a dependency on PostgreSQL, use the MySQL mock as your database implementation during testing.

When running via touchstone develop, dev ports for each mock are used. When running touchstone via touchstone run, ports are automatically discovered and available to your service containers via the following environment variables:

  • TS_{MOCK_NAME}_HOST - Host where the mock is running.
  • TS_{MOCK_NAME}_PORT - Port where the mock is running.
  • TS_{MOCK_NAME}_URL - Complete URL where the mock is running.
  • TS_{MOCK_NAME}_USERNAME - Username for authenticating with the mock.
  • TS_{MOCK_NAME}_PASSWORD - Password for authenticating with the mock.

Testing Non-Services (Executables)

Touchstone can also be used to test non-service based applications. This includes applications that can be invoked via the command line, like Spark jobs, for example. A Python Spark job tested with Touchstone can be found here.

To define a service as executable, set its type to executable in your touchstone.yml. The supplied Dockerfile will be ran as the executable service. You can also supply a develop_command which will be used when running Touchstone in develop mode. Example

In your Touchstone tests, the executable service can be triggered using the following API:

def when(self, given) -> object:
    self.service_executor.execute(SERVICE_NAME)
    return None

Example

Docker-In-Docker

Some CI pipelines utilize Docker-in-Docker (DinD) to run tests. If Touchstone is running using DinD, the network must point to the host:

docker run --network="host" -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock your-touchstone-image

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