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Transaction management for Python

Project description

Transactions Documentation Status PyPI Python versions

This package contains a generic transaction implementation for Python. It is mainly used by the ZODB.

See for narrative documentation on its usage.


4.0 (2023-11-13)

  • Drop support for Python 2.7, 3.5, 3.6.

  • Drop support for deprecated python test..

  • Add support for Python 3.12.

  • Add preliminary support for Python 3.13a2.

3.1.0 (2023-03-17)

  • Add support for Python 3.9, 3.10, 3.11.

3.0.1 (2020-12-11)

  • Exception raised by a before commit hook is no longer hidden. No further commit hooks are called and exception is propagated to the caller of commit(). See #95.

3.0.0 (2019-12-11)

  • Drop support for Python 3.4.

  • Add support for Python 3.8.

  • Drop support for legacy transaction APIs including Transaction.register() and old ZODB3-style datamanagers. See issue 89.

  • now commits/aborts the transaction “active” after the execution of func (and no longer the initial transaction which might already have been committed/aborted by func) (#58).

    It aborts the transaction now for all exceptions raised by func - even if it is only an instance of BaseException but not of Exception, such as e.g. a SystemExit or KeyboardInterupt exception.

  • Support abort hooks (symmetrically to commit hooks) (#77).

  • Make Transaction drop references to its hooks, manager, synchronizers and data after a successful commit() and after any abort(). This helps avoid potential cyclic references. See issue 82.

  • Allow synchronizers to access when their afterCompletion method is called while aborting a transaction.

  • Make it safe to call Transaction.abort() more than once. The second and subsequent calls are no-ops. Previously a ValueError(Foreign transaction) would be raised.

2.4.0 (2018-10-23)

  • Changed the implementation of ThreadTransactionManager to be a thread.local that wraps a TransactionManager rather than a thread.local that inherits from TransactionManager. It now exposes a manager attribute that allows access to the wrapped transaction manager to allow cross thread calls. See issue 68.

2.3.0 (2018-10-19)

  • Add support for Python 3.7.

  • Reach 100% test coverage.

  • Fix formatting transaction notes when given a mix of byte and text strings, such as can happen in Python 2 with unicode_literals.

2.2.1 (2018-03-27)

2.2.0 (2018-02-27)

  • Add support for Python 3.6.

  • Drop support for Python 3.3.

  • Add isRetryableError to the transaction.interfaces.ITransaction interface to allow external systems to query whether an exception is retryable (transient) by any of the attached data managers. Any transaction.interfaces.TransientError is considered retryable but a data manager may also consider other exceptions on a per-instance basis.


2.1.2 (2017-03-11)

  • To avoid leaking memory, don’t include unexpected value in warnings about non-text transaction meta data.

2.1.1 (2017-03-11)

  • For backward compatibility, relax the requirements that transaction meta data (user or description) be text:

    • If None is assigned, the assignment is ignored.

    • If a non-text value is assigned, a warning is issued and the value is converted to text. If the value is a binary string, it will be decoded with the UTF-8 encoding the replace error policy.

2.1.0 (2017-02-08)

Added a transaction-manager explicit mode. Explicit mode makes some kinds of application bugs easier to detect and potentially allows data managers to manage resources more efficiently.

(This addresses

2.0.3 (2016-11-17)

  • The user and description fields must now be set with text (unicode) data. Previously, if bytes were provided, they’d be decoded as ASCII. It was decided that this would lead to bugs that were hard to test for.

    Also, the transaction meta-data field, extended_info has been renamed to extension.

2.0.2 (2016-11-13)

  • Fixed: Some legacy applications expect the transaction _extension attribute to be mutable and it wasn’t.

2.0.1 (2016-11-11)

  • The transaction user and description attributes are now defined to be text (unicode) as opposed to Python the str type.

  • Added the extended_info transaction attribute which contains transaction meta data. (The _extension attribute is retained as an alias for backward compatibility.)

    The transaction interface, ITransaction, now requires extended_info keys to be text (unicode) and values to be JSON-serializable.

  • Removed setUser from ITransaction. We’ll keep the method indefinitely, but it’s unseemly in ITransaction. :)

The main purpose of these changes is to tighten up the text specification of user, description and extended_info keys, and to give us more flexibility in the future for serializing extended info. It’s possible that these changes will be breaking, so we’re also increasing the major version number.

1.7.0 (2016-11-08)

  • Added a transaction-manager run method for running a function as a transaction, retrying as necessary on transient errors.

  • Fixed the transaction manager attempts method. It didn’t stop repeating when there wasn’t an error.

  • Corrected ITransaction by removing beforeCommitHook (which is no longer implemented) and removing ‘self’ from two methods.

1.6.1 (2016-06-10)

  • Fixed: Synchonizers that registered with transaction managers when transactions were in progress didn’t have their newTransaction methods called to let them know of the in-progress transactions.

1.6.0 (2016-05-21)

  • New transaction API for storing data on behalf of objects, such as data managers.

  • Drop references to data managers joined to a transaction when it is committed or aborted.

1.5.0 (2016-05-05)

  • Drop support for Python 2.6 and 3.2.

  • Add support for Python 3.5.

  • Added APIs for interogating and clearing internal state to support client tests.

1.4.4 (2015-05-19)

  • Use the standard valuerefs() method rather than relying on implementation details of WeakValueDictionary in WeakSet.

  • Add support for PyPy3.

  • Require 100% branch coverage (in addition to 100% statement coverage).

1.4.3 (2014-03-20)

  • Add support for Python 3.4.

1.4.2 (skipped)

  • Released in error as 1.4.3.

1.4.1 (2013-02-20)

  • Document that values returned by sortKey must be strings, in order to guarantee total ordering.

  • Fix occasional RuntimeError: dictionary changed size during iteration errors in transaction.weakset on Python 3.

1.4.0 (2013-01-03)

  • Updated Trove classifiers.

1.4.0b1 (2012-12-18)

  • Converted existing doctests into Sphinx documentation (snippets are exercised via ‘tox’).

  • 100% unit test coverage.

  • Backward incompatibility: raise ValueError rather than AssertionError for runtime errors:

    • In Transaction.doom if the transaction is in a non-doomable state.

    • In TransactionManager.attempts if passed a non-positive value.

    • In if passed a foreign transaction.

  • Declared support for Python 3.3 in, and added tox testing.

  • When a non-retryable exception was raised as the result of a call to transaction.manager.commit within the “attempts” machinery, the exception was not reraised properly. Symptom: an unrecoverable exception such as Unsupported: Storing blobs in <somestorage> is not supported. would be swallowed inappropriately.

1.3.0 (2012-05-16)

  • Added Sphinx API docuementation.

  • Added explicit support for PyPy.

  • Dropped use of Python3-impatible zope.interface.implements class advisor in favor of zope.interface.implementer class decorator.

  • Added support for continuous integration using tox and jenkins.

  • Added docs alias (installs Sphinx and dependencies).

  • Added dev alias (runs develop plus installs nose and coverage).

  • Python 3.3 compatibility.

  • Fix “for attempt in transaction.attempts(x)” machinery, which would not retry a transaction if its implicit call to .commit() itself raised a transient error. Symptom: seeing conflict errors even though you thought you were retrying some number of times via the “attempts” machinery (the first attempt to generate an exception during commit would cause that exception to be raised).

1.2.0 (2011-12-05)

New Features:

  • Python 3.2 compatibility.

  • Dropped Python 2.4 and 2.5 compatibility (use 1.1.1 if you need to use “transaction” under these Python versions).

1.1.1 (2010-09-16)

Bug Fixes:

  • Code in held on to local references to traceback objects after calling sys.exc_info() to get one, causing potential reference leakages.

  • Fixed hexlify NameError in transaction._transaction.oid_repr and add test.

1.1.0 (1010-05-12)

New Features:

  • Transaction managers and the transaction module can be used with the with statement to define transaction boundaries, as in:

    with transaction:
        ... do some things ...

    See transaction/tests/convenience.txt for more details.

  • There is a new iterator function that automates dealing with transient errors (such as ZODB confict errors). For example, in:

    for attempt in transaction.attempts(5):
        with attempt:
            ... do some things ..

    If the work being done raises transient errors, the transaction will be retried up to 5 times.

    See transaction/tests/convenience.txt for more details.

Bugs fixed:

1.0.1 (2010-05-07)

  • LP #142464: remove double newline between log entries: it makes doing smarter formatting harder.

  • Updated tests to remove use of deprecated zope.testing.doctest.

1.0.0 (2009-07-24)

  • Fix test that incorrectly relied on the order of a list that was generated from a dict.

  • Remove crufty DEPENDENCIES.cfg left over from zpkg.

1.0a1 (2007-12-18)

  • Initial release, branched from ZODB trunk on 2007-11-08 (aka “3.9.0dev”).

  • Remove (deprecated) support for beforeCommitHook alias to addBeforeCommitHook.

  • Add weakset tests.

  • Remove unit tests that depend on ZODB.tests.utils from test_transaction (these are actually integration tests).

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