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Python module for finding transitive edges in a directed acyclic graph

Project description

tredge

pypi

This is tiny yet fast module to get set of explicitly defined transitive edges from a directed acyclic graph. Given a DAG with edges child<--parent represented as dictionary (keys are children, values are iterables with parents), or as iterable of iterables representing edges ((child, parent)), or as file object pointing to tab-delimited file with 2 columns (child, parent), it returns set of transitive edges found there. Original intent of this package was to use it for removing redundant edges from tree structures.

If a given graph is cyclic, transitive_edges function will not return edges that include vertices participating in loops. To find such vertices beforehand or make sure there are none, there is a function cycles(g).

Usage:

import tredge

g = {
    'b': {'a'},
    'c': {'a'},
    'd': {'b', 'c', 'a'},
    'e': {'d', 'a'}
}
result = tredge.transitive_edges(g)
print(result)

# {('d', 'a'), ('e', 'a')}

or

import tredge

g = [
    ('b', 'a'),
    ('c', 'a'),
    ('d', 'b'),
    ('d', 'c'),
    ('e', 'd'),
    ('e', 'a'),
    ('d', 'a')
]
result = tredge.transitive_edges(g)
print(result)

# {('d', 'a'), ('e', 'a')}

or

"""input_file.tab:
b	a
c	a
d	b
d	c
e	d
e	a
d	a
"""

import tredge

with open('input_file.tab', mode='r', encoding='utf8') as g:
    result = tredge.transitive_edges(g)
print(result)

# {('d', 'a'), ('e', 'a')}

To check if a graph has cycles:

import tredge

g = {
    'b': {'a'},
    'c': {'a'},
    'd': {'b', 'c', 'a'},
    'e': {'d', 'a'}
}
result = tredge.cycles(g)
print(result)

# {'e', 'c', 'd'}

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