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CLI to list and fetch objects from versioned S3 buckets. Plus get tmp url.

Project description

Tools to list and fetch objects from versioned AWS S3 bucket:

  • s3lsvers: List object versions, see versioning
  • s3getvers: Fetch specified object versions
  • s3tmpgen: Generate temporary url links to objects

Installation

$ pip install ttr.aws.utils.s3

Other methods (pipx, easy_install, setup.py) work too.

Quick start

We want to fetch versions of feed in bucket mybucket named my/versioned/feed.xml

  1. Configure AWSCLI credentials to allow access to your buckets and objects. E.g. using AWS_DEFAULT_PROFILE. See AWS_config.

  2. create csv file for given feed and time period:

    $ s3lsvers -from 2012-05-24T00:15 -to 2012-05-24T01:15 -list-file list.csv mybucket/my/versioned/feed.xml
    

    You shall then find file list.csv on your disk.

  3. Review records in list.csv and delete all lines with version, which are not of your interest.

  4. Using list.csv, ask s3getvers to fetch all versions specified in the file. Be sure to run it on empty directory:

    $ s3getvers mybucket list.csv
    

    You will see, how is each version downloaded and saved to your current directory.

  5. Finally, you can try generating temorary url to your feed (showing the latest existing):

    $ s3tmpgen 2014-09-30T00:00:00Z mybucket my/versioned/feed.xml
    https://mybucket.s3.amazonaws.com/my/versioned/feed.xml?Signature=kOCwz%2FkanVWX8O15dlXhy4jrbwY%3D&Expires=1412031600&AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAxyzxyzxyzEQA
    

    Note, that the url does not include VersionId, so it will always point to the most up todate version (in case the key happens to be on versioned bucket).

Provided commands

s3lsvers

List versions of some feed. Could output into CSV file (-list-file) and/or html chart (-html-file).:

$ s3lsvers -h
usage: s3lsvers [-h] [-from None] [-to None] [-list-file None]
                [-html-file None] [-version-id None] [-profile-name None]
                [-aws-access-key-id None] [-aws-secret-access-key None]
                bucket_key

List object versions stored on versioned S3 bucket, create CSV and/or HTML file.
    CSV file can be used e.g. by `s3getvers` command.
    HTML file allows showing feed size and update period in chart.

    Version can be limited by time range `from` - `to`.
    `version-id` allow starting from specific version (back to the past,
    excluding given version).

    Object key is defined either as {bucket_name}/{key_name} or as alias from .s3lsvers file.

    Times are expressed in RFC 3339 format using Zulu (UTC) timezone, possibly truncated.
    For truncated time strings, maximal time extent is used.

    Listing has records with structure:
      `{key_name};{version_id};{size};{last_modified};{age}`
        - key_name: name of the key (excluding bucket name).
        - version_id: unique identifier for given version on given bucket.
        - size: size of key object in bytes
        - last_modified: RFC 3339 formated object modification time
        - age: update interval [s] for given version

    Examples:

        Lists all versions of given `keyname` on `bucket`::

            $ s3lsvers bucketname/keyname

        Lists all versions in period betwen `from` and `to` time::

            $ s3lsvers -from 2010-01-01 -to 2011-07-19T12:00:00 bucket/key

        Lists all versions and writes them into csv file named `versions.csv`::

            $ s3lsvers -list-file versions.csv bucketname/keyname

        Lists all versions and write them into html chart file `chart.html`::

            $ s3lsvers -html-file chart.html bucketname/keyname

    Using bucket/key_name aliases in .s3lsvers file

        Aliases are specified in file .s3lsvers, which may be located in
        currect directory, home directory or /etc/s3lsvers"

        `.s3lsvers` example::

            #.s3lsversrc - definition of some preconfigured bucket/key values
            [DEFAULT]
            pl-base: pl-base.dp.tamtamresearch.com
            cz-base: cz-base.dp.tamtamresearch.com

            # alias name must not contain "/"
            [aliases]
            plcsr: %(pl-base)s/region/pl/ConsumerServiceReady.xml
            czcsr: %(cz-base)s/region/cz/ConsumerServiceReady.xml

        The format follows SafeConfigParser rules, see
        http://docs.python.org/2/library/configparser.html#safeconfigparser-objects

        To list all versions of czcsr alias::

            $ s3lsvers czcsr


positional arguments:
  bucket_key            {bucket_name}/{key_name} for the key to list

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -from None, --from-time None
                        start of version modification time range (default:
                        oldest version)
  -to None, --to-time None
                        end of version modification time range (default: now)
  -list-file None       Name of output CSV file.
  -html-file None       Name of output HTML file.
  -version-id None      version-id to start after
  -profile-name None    AWSCLI profile name
  -aws-access-key-id None
                        AWS Access Key ID
  -aws-secret-access-key None
                        AWS Secret Access Key

s3getvers

$ s3getvers -h
usage: s3getvers [-h] [-output-version-id-names] [-no-decompression]
                 [-profile-name None] [-aws-access-key-id None]
                 [-aws-secret-access-key None]
                 bucket_name csv_version_file

Fetch S3 object versions as listed in a csv file

    Typical csv file (as by default produced by s3lsvers) is:

        m/y.xml;OrUr6XO8KSKEHbd8mQ.MloGcGlsh7Sir;191;2012-05-23T20:45:10.000Z;39
        m/y.xml;xhkVOy.dJfjSfUwse8tsieqjDicp0owq;192;2012-05-23T20:44:31.000Z;62
        m/y.xml;oKneK.N2wS8pW8.EmLqjldYlgcFwxN3V;193;2012-05-23T20:43:29.000Z;58

    for `s3getvers` only the first two columns are significant:
    :key_name: name of the object (not containing the bucket name itself)
    :version_id: string, identifying unique version.

    Typical use (assuming, above csv file is available under name verlist.csv)::

        $ s3getvers yourbucketname verlist.csv

    What will create following files in current directory:

    * f.2012-05-23T20_45_10.xml
    * f.2012-05-23T20_44_31.xml
    * f.2012-05-23T20_43_29.xml

    Files are (by default) saved decompressed (even if gzipped on the bucket)


positional arguments:
  bucket_name           bucket name (default: None)
  csv_version_file      name of CSV file with version_id

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -output-version-id-names
                        Resulting file names shall use version_id to become
                        distinguished (default is to use timestamp of file
                        creation)
  -no-decompression     Keeps the files as they come, do not decompress, if
                        they come compressed
  -profile-name None    Name of AWSCLI profile to use for credentials
  -aws-access-key-id None
                        Your AWS Access Key ID
  -aws-secret-access-key None
                        Your AWS Secret Access Key

s3tmpgen

$ s3tmpgen -h
usage: s3tmpgen [-h] [-profile-name None] [-aws-access-key-id None] [-aws-secret-access-key None] [-validate-bucket] [-validate-key] [-http] expire_dt bucket_name [key_names [key_names ...]]

Generate temporary url for accessing content of AWS S3 key.

    Temporary url includes expiration time, after which it rejects serving the
    content.

    Urls are printed one per line to stdout.

    For missing key names empty line is printed and error goes to stderr.

    If the bucket is versioned, tmp url will serve the latest version
    at the moment of request (version_id is not part of generated url).

    By default, bucket and key name existnence is not verified.

    Url is using https, unless `-http` is used.


positional arguments:
  expire_dt             ISO formatted time of expiration, full seconds, 'Z' is obligatory, e.g. '2014-02-14T21:47:16Z'
  bucket_name           name of bucket
  key_names             key names to generate tmpurl for

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -profile-name None    Name of AWSCLI profile to use for credentials
  -aws-access-key-id None
                        Your AWS Access Key ID
  -aws-secret-access-key None
                        Your AWS Secret Access Key
  -validate-bucket      Make sure, the bucket really exists
  -validate-key         Make sure, the key really exists
  -http                 Force the url to use http and not https

Configuring AWS S3 credentials

Configure the credentials as you would do for using AWS CLI.

If you configure profiles, you may use switch -profile when calling the commands.

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