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Twisted WebSockets wrapper

Project description

txWS (pronounced “Twisted WebSockets”) is a small, short, simple library for adding WebSockets server support to your favorite Twisted applications.


Use txws.WebSocketFactory to wrap your factories. That’s it! Adding WebSockets support has never been easier.

>>> from txws import WebSocketFactory
>>> reactor.listenTCP(8080, WebSocketFactory(factory_to_wrap))

There is no extra trick to txWS. There is no special setup involved.

Do you want secure WebSockets? Use listenSSL() instead of listenTCP().


txWS supports the following versions of the WebSockets draft:

  • Version 76

    • Hixie-76 (Chrome 6, Fx 4, Opera 11, UNTESTED Safari 5)

    • HyBi-00

  • Version 7

    • HyBi-07 (Fx 6)

  • Version 8

    • HyBi-08

    • HyBi-10 (Chrome 14, Chrome 15, Fx 7, Fx 8)

  • Version 13

    • RFC 6455 (Chrome 16)

All listed browser versions have been tested and verified working; any browser marked “UNTESTED” hasn’t been personally tested, but has been reported working by third parties.

In case you’re wondering, the version numbers above are correct; WebSockets versioning is not sane.

Browser Quirks

This might save you some time when developing your WebSockets-based application.

  • Firefox (all versions): WebSockets do not follow the standard WebSocket API.

  • Opera 11: WebSockets are disabled by default and are very slow to close connections.


Here’s how txWS compares to other Twisted WebSockets libraries.


txWS, unlike txWebSockets, doesn’t reuse any HTTP machinery and doesn’t pretend to be HTTP. Whether this is a good or bad thing depends largely on whether the WebSockets standard ends up being a valid HTTP subset.

txWS supports newer WS versions 7 and 8, but txWebSockets supports the older version 75. Both libraries support version 76.


Autobahn provides a client library for WebSockets as well as a server, and provides a fancy set of messaging protocols on top of the WS layer. Autobahn also provides support for WS version 10.

However, Autobahn doesn’t provide support for WS version 76, and requires clients to subclass their factories and protocols in order to provide WS functionality. txWS uses a compositional approach with wrapped protocols, allowing completely transparent reuse of existing protocols and factories.


Cyclone provides a simple WebSockets handler. This handler can do WS versions 75 and 76. The Cyclone WebSockets handler is very limited, can only wrap other Cyclone handlers, and doesn’t support any of the more modern WebSockets versions.


txWS is (c) 2011 Oregon State University Open Source Lab and is made available under the MIT license.

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