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Twisted SockJS wrapper

Project description

A simple library for adding SockJS support to your twisted application.


SockJS-Twisted passes all SockJS-Protocol v0.3.3 tests, and all SockJS-Client qunit tests. It has been used in production environments, and should be free of any critical bugs.


Use txsockjs.factory.SockJSFactory to wrap your factories. That’s it!

from twisted.internet import reactor
from twisted.internet.protocol import Factory, Protocol
from txsockjs.factory import SockJSFactory

class HelloProtocol(Protocol):
    def connectionMade(self):
        self.transport.write('how are you?')

    def dataReceived(self, data):
        print data

reactor.listenTCP(8080, SockJSFactory(Factory.forProtocol(HelloProtocol)))

There is nothing else to it, no special setup involved.

Do you want a secure connection? Use listenSSL() instead of listenTCP().

Advanced Usage

For those who want to host multiple SockJS services off of one port, txsockjs.factory.SockJSMultiFactory is designed to handle routing for you.

from twisted.internet import reactor
from twisted.internet.protocol import Factory, Protocol
from txsockjs.factory import SockJSMultiFactory
from txsockjs.utils import broadcast

class EchoProtocol(Protocol):
    def dataReceived(self, data):

class ChatProtocol(Protocol):
    def connectionMade(self):
        if not hasattr(self.factory, "transports"):
            self.factory.transports = set()

    def dataReceived(self, data):
        broadcast(data, self.factory.transports)

    def connectionLost(self, reason):

f = SockJSMultiFactory()
f.addFactory(Factory.forProtocol(EchoProtocol), "echo")
f.addFactory(Factory.forProtocol(ChatProtocol), "chat")

reactor.listenTCP(8080, f)

http://localhost:8080/echo and http://localhost:8080/chat will give you access to your EchoFactory and ChatFactory.

Integration With Websites

It is possible to offer static resources, dynamic pages, and SockJS endpoints off of a single port by using txsockjs.factory.SockJSResource.

from twisted.internet import reactor
from twisted.internet.protocol import Factory, Protocol
from twisted.web import resource, server
from txsockjs.factory import SockJSResource

# EchoProtocol and ChatProtocol defined above

root = resource.Resource()
root.putChild("echo", SockJSResource(Factory.forProtocol(EchoProtocol)))
root.putChild("chat", SockJSResource(Factory.forProtocol(ChatProtocol)))
site = server.Site(root)

reactor.listenTCP(8080, site)

Multiplexing [Experimental]

SockJS-Twisted also has built-in support for multiplexing. See the Websocket-Multiplex library for how to integrate multiplexing client side.

from twisted.internet import reactor
from twisted.internet.protocol import Factory, Protocol
from twisted.web import resource, server
from txsockjs.multiplex import SockJSMultiplexResource

multiplex = SockJSMultiplexResource()
multiplex.addFactory("echo", Factory.forProtocol(EchoProtocol))
multiplex.addFactory("chat", Factory.forProtocol(ChatProtocol))

root = resource.Resource()
root.putChild("multiplex", multiplex)
site = server.Site(root)

reactor.listenTCP(8080, site)

Single factory? Multifactory? Resource? Multiplexing? What’s the difference?


Factories per port

Allows mixing native web content

Factories per connection

















SockJSFactory is recommended for use in non-web (HTTP) applications to allow native web connections. For instance, an IRC server. There can only be one factory listening on a port using this method. The SockJS endpoint uses this internally.

SockJSMultiFactory is recommended for use in non-web (HTTP) applications with multiple services. This allows multiple factories to listen on a single port.

SockJSResource is recommended for use in HTTP based applications, like webservers.

SockJSMultiplexResource is recommended for pubsub applications, where each connection needs to talk to multiple factories. Overriding the subscribe method allows for dynamic factory creation if you don’t know what is needed server-side ahead of time.


For integration with pre-existing libraries or programs, it is possible use sockjs as an endpoint in the form sockjs:tcp\:9090\:interface\= You can pass any escaped endpoint to a sockjs endpoint to wrap it with txsockjs, and you can specify any option for the SockJSFactory by specifying it as a keyword argument. For more information, read the twisted documentation on endpoints.

from twisted.internet import reactor
from twisted.internet.protocol import Factory, Protocol
from twisted.internet.endpoints import serverFromString
# Note that we don't have to import anything from txsockjs

# HelloProtocol defined above

endpoint = serverFromString(reactor, "sockjs:tcp\:8080")


A dictionary of options can be passed into the factory to control SockJS behavior.

options = {
    'websocket': True,
    'cookie_needed': False,
    'heartbeat': 25,
    'timeout': 5,
    'streaming_limit': 128 * 1024,
    'encoding': 'cp1252', # Latin1
    'sockjs_url': '',
    'proxy_header': None
SockJSFactory(factory_to_wrap, options)
SockJSMultiFactory().addFactory(factory_to_wrap, prefix, options)
SockJSResource(factory_to_wrap, options)
websocket :

whether websockets are supported as a protocol. Useful for proxies or load balancers that don’t support websockets.

cookie_needed :

whether the JSESSIONID cookie is set. Results in less performant protocols being used, so don’t require them unless your load balancer requires it.

heartbeat :

how often a heartbeat message is sent to keep the connection open. Do not increase this unless you know what you are doing.

timeout :

maximum delay between connections before the underlying protocol is disconnected

streaming_limit :

how many bytes can be sent over a streaming protocol before it is cycled. Allows browser-side garbage collection to lower RAM usage.

encoding :

All messages to and from txsockjs should be valid UTF-8. In the event that a message received by txsockjs is not UTF-8, fall back to this encoding.

sockjs_url :

The url of the SockJS library to use in iframes. By default this is served over HTTPS and therefore shouldn’t need changing.

proxy_header :

The HTTP header to pull a proxied IP address out of. Leave as None to get the unproxied IP. Do not change this unless you are behind a proxy you control.


SockJS-Twisted is (c) 2012 Christopher Gamble and is made available under the BSD license.

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