Skip to main content

Typed environment variable parsing for Python

Project description

Build Status codecov.io PyPI version

typenv

Version 0.1.6

Typed environment variable parsing for Python

Table of Contents generated with mdformat-toc

Background

Typenv does environment variable parsing with an API almost identical to the excellent environs. There are a few reasons why typenv might be preferred:

  • Type annotated typecast functions: type checkers are able to understand types of parsed environment variables.
  • More flexible prefix manipulation of environment variable names.
  • Validation of environment variable names.
  • Optional automatic uppercasing of environment variable names.
  • Ability to generate a .env.example that shows expected types of environment variables.
  • Less dependencies. No marshmallow required.

Installing

Installing from PyPI repository (https://pypi.org/project/typenv):

pip install typenv

Usage

Basics

Set environment variables:

export NAME='Harry Potter'
export AGE=14
export IS_WIZARD=true
export PATRONUM_SUCCESS_RATE=0.92
export BANK_BALANCE=134599.01
export LUCKY_NUMBERS=7,3,11
export EXTRA_DETAILS='{"friends": ["Hermione", "Ron"]}'

Parse the values in Python:

from typenv import Env

env = Env()

NAME = env.str("NAME")  # => "Harry Potter"
AGE = env.int("AGE")  # => 14
IS_WIZARD = env.bool("IS_WIZARD")  # => True
PATRONUM_SUCCESS_RATE = env.float("PATRONUM_SUCCESS_RATE")  # => 0.92
BANK_BALANCE = env.decimal("BANK_BALANCE")  # => decimal.Decimal("134599.01")
LUCKY_NUMBERS = env.list("LUCKY_NUMBERS", subcast=int)  # => [7, 3, 11]
EXTRA_DETAILS = env.json("EXTRA_DETAILS")  # => {"friends": ["Hermione", "Ron"]}

# Optional settings must have a default value
IS_DEATH_EATER = env.bool("IS_DEATH_EATER", default=False)  # => False

Supported types

The types supported by typenv are:

  • env.str
  • env.int
  • env.bool
  • env.float
  • env.decimal
  • env.json
  • env.list
    • Takes a subcast argument for casting list items to one of str, int , bool, float or decimal.Decimal
  • env.bytes

Default values

Normally, if an environment variable is not found, typenv raises an exception. If a default value is provided, however, that will be returned instead of raising.

from typenv import Env

env = Env()

BOOL = env.bool("NON_EXISTING_NAME", default=False)  # => False
LIST = env.list("NON_EXISTING_NAME", default=["a", "b"])  # => ["a", "b"]
OPTIONAL_INT = env.int("NON_EXISTING_NAME", default=None)  # => None

Name prefixes

TODO: document here

Name character set

Typenv validates environment variable names. By default, the set of allowed characters includes upper case ASCII letters, digits and the underscore (_).

The set of allowed characters can be configured:

from typenv import Env

env = Env(allowed_chars="ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ")

Name uppercasing

export UPPER_CASE_NAME=true
from typenv import Env

# Environment variable names in type cast methods will automatically be upper
# cased when `upper=True` is set here.
env = Env(upper=True)

NAME = env.bool("upper_casE_Name")

Validation

export NAME='Harry Potter'
export AGE=14
from typenv import Env

env = Env()

# A single validator function
NAME = env.str("NAME", validate=lambda n: n.startswith("Harry"))

# A validator function can signal error by raising an exception
def is_positive(num):
    if num <= 0:
        raise Exception("Number is not positive")


# A validator function can alternatively return `False` to signal an error
def is_less_than_thousand(num):
    if num >= 1000:
        return False
    return True


# Multiple validator functions can be passed as an iterable of callables
AGE = env.int("AGE", validate=(is_positive, is_less_than_thousand))

Reading from a .env file

TODO: document here

Dumping parsed values

export SOME_STR=blaablaa
export SOME_INT=99
from typenv import Env, ParsedValue

env = Env()

SOME_STR = env.str("SOME_STR")
SOME_INT = env.int("SOME_INT")

assert env.dump() == {
    "SOME_INT": ParsedValue(value=99, type="int", optional=False),
    "SOME_STR": ParsedValue(value="blaablaa", type="str", optional=False),
}

Acknowledgments

The public API of this library is almost an exact copy of environs, which is based on envparse and django-environ. Credit for the interface goes to the authors of those libraries.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for typenv, version 0.1.6
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size typenv-0.1.6-py3-none-any.whl (7.6 kB) File type Wheel Python version py3 Upload date Hashes View
Filename, size typenv-0.1.6.tar.gz (8.7 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View

Supported by

Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page