A module for collecting and providing popular user agent strings, with a requests session which rotates user agents.
A Python module which collects, lists, and returns up to date and commonly used User Agent strings. This can be helpful for avoiding fingerprinting, and bypassing anti-bot/scraping measures. It also provides a Requests session wrapper which automatically uses a random user agent on every connection.
A user agent string is sent as a header in HTTP requests to identify which browser and operating system the client is using. It can be used by websites to tailor the content to the device and software a visitor is using. It can also be used to block or restrict certain programs' access, such as bots, web crawlers and scrapers. Another consequence of these strings is they can help build a profile of a user, using the unique compination of browser and operating system versions, a technique called fingerprinting.
User agent spoofing replaces the user agent string with a random one from a list of common strings, disguising the type of client from the server and making it harder to track the user between requests. This is one of the ways to bypass restrictions and mitigate against fingerprinting.
A problem with similar modules and programs is they either use a static dataset, or scrape user agents from sources which are either badly outdated or completely broken. ua_spoofer attempts to solve this by fetching data which is up to date, based on the latest browser versions, and also amalgamates data from several sources. This provides redundancy and a good mix of current user agents, without depending on an API or downloading a static dataset which quickly goes out of date. More sources can be added over time without breaking compatibility.
pip install ua_spoofer
Getting User Agents
from ua_spoofer import UserAgent ua = UserAgent() # Random user agents from a specified browser ua.chrome ua.firefox ua.ie # Any random user agent ua.random # Get a list of supported browsers ua.BROWSERS # Get the list of all user agent strings ua.all # Update the list ua.update()
Using the Requests Session wrapper
from ua_spoofer import SpoofSession s = SpoofSession() # Each request will use a different user agent string # A few other headers are randomised too # To demonstrate: s.get("https://icanhazheaders.com/").json() s.get("https://icanhazheaders.com/").json() s.get("https://icanhazheaders.com/").json() # To get the UserAgent instance of the session s.ua # Updating the user agent list is done as you would expect s.ua.update()
As mentioned earlier, there are other Python modules which attempt to do similar things:
- cloudflare-scrape is a module to bypass Cloudflare's anti-bot system
- PhantomJS is a scriptable headless browser
- Selenium is a full browser automation framework
- Scrapy is a Python framework for building crawlers
- Spynner is another scriptable Python browser module
In some cases, Tor or a VPN can be used to hide the client's IP address for proper anonymity.
ua_spoofer is released under the terms of the Apache 2.0 license.
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