Manage, protect and present your video/audio content (FLV, MP3, etc.) with Plone but delegate the flash streaming to Red5
unimr.red5.protectedvod implements a video-on-demand (vod) or audio-on-demand solution for secure flash streaming with Red5 server. It provides a way to protect your media files from being directly downloaded from Plone or from being “leeched” by other sites. For this purpose the streaming URL is secured by altering the requested URL with a signature. When the video/audio file is requested, the path of the file is individually signed by Plone for each request and the streaming is delegated to Red5. Red5 checks afterwards the signature of the incoming request for validity by a shared secret (only known by Plone and Red5!). If the signature is valid Red5 delivers the stream. The signature is unique, context specific and its duration of validity is limited. Plone’s security context is therefore completely preserved in Red5. Nobody can copy-and-paste that URL anywhere he want and load the video.
Add unimr.red5.protectedvod to your buildout as normal. See http://plone.org/documentation/tutorial/buildout. Don’t forget to load the configure.zcml file!
Then install the product via Plone’s Add-on products control panel.
Both Plone and Red5 require a shared file system with read/write access. Follow the installation instructions of iw.fss and remember that only site storage strategies site1 and site2 are supported by unimr.red5.protectedVOD. Red5 needs the file extension of the media content to work.
In portal_properties/red5_protectedvod_properties you have to configure the Red5 server URL, TTL (time to live) in sec of your signature and the shared secret for generating the signature.
The included Archetype Red5Stream integrates the GPL version of flowplayer with Plone 3.x. It can play video files (FLV, H.246, MP4) as well as audio files (MP3). Clients with “view” permission can only view the content by the streaming technique of Red5 but cannot directly download the content. Per default only clients with owner or manager role have the “Download Red5Stream” permission to download the content from Plone.
To make it easier to present Red5Streams within a content item of Plone, this product installs a new Kupu paragraph style. You can use them like this:
Insert the image you want to use as a splash image. You should insert this “inline” (rather than left/right floating), preferably in its own paragraph. Alternatively, you can also enter a text as placeholder.
Select on the image (or placeholder text), and make it link to the .flv or .mp3 file you want to play.
Select the red5-stream style from the styles drop-down.
Signature & streaming URL
The dynamically signed streaming URL takes the following format:
The parts of this URL are as follows:
baseURL is determined based on the relative path of the video/audio content in the FileSystemStorage.
signature is calculated as follows: hmac.new(shared_secret + baseUrl + streamName + client ip + expires).hexdigest() where shared_secret is specified in Plone’s configuration and should match the value on the red5 server.
expires is a timestamp given as a hex string. This is the number of seconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 in hexadecimal notation plus the the ttl configured in Plone portal_properties.
streamName is the name of the video file, for example, Extremists.flv, flowplayer.flv, or rocknroll.mp4.
This package includes the corresponding Red5 application protectedVOD as WAR-archive (also a tgz-Archive of the java sources; s. README.txt in red5-wabapp directory of this product for further information). Don’t forget to change/synchronize the shared secret in both Plone’s and Red5’s configuration!
Support for symbolic links for the used file system
Red5 server (v0.8.x)
Andreas Gabriel <gabriel _at_ hrz.uni-marburg.de>
David Nax <naxd _at_ hrz.uni-marburg.de>
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