Skip to main content

A small, safe import sorter

Project description


Safe, minimal import sorting for Python projects.

documentation version changelog license

μsort is a safe, minimal import sorter. Its primary goal is to make no "dangerous" changes to code. This is achieved by detecting distinct "blocks" of imports that are the most likely to be safely interchangeable, and only reordering imports within these blocks without altering formatting. Code style is left as an exercise for linters and formatters.

Within a block, µsort will follow common Python conventions for grouping imports based on source (standard library, third-party, first-party, or relative), and then sorting lexicographically within each group. This will commonly look like:

import re
from pathlib import Path
from typing import Iterable
from unittest.mock import call, Mock, patch

import aiohttp
from aiosqlite import connect

import foo
from bar import bar

from .main import main

Blocks are inferred from a number of real world conditions, including any intermediate statements between imports:

import warnings

import re
import sys

In this case, µsort detects two blocks–separated by the call to filterwarnings(), and will only sort imports inside of each block. Running µsort on this code will generate no changes, because each block is already sorted.

Imports can be excluded from blocks using the #usort:skip directive, or with #isort:skip for compatibility with existing codebases. µsort will leave these imports unchanged, and treat them as block separators.

See the User Guide for more details about how blocks are detected, and how sorting is performed.


µsort requires Python 3.6 or newer to run. Install µsort with:

$ pip install usort


To format one or more files or directories in-place:

$ usort format <path> [<path> ...]

To generate a diff of changes without modifying files:

$ usort diff <path>

To just validate that files are formatted correctly, like during CI:

$ usort check <path>


µsort provides a pre-commit hook. To enforce sorted imports before every commit, add the following to your .pre-commit-config.yaml file:

- repo:
  rev: v1.0.7
    - id: usort


μsort is MIT licensed, as found in the LICENSE file.

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

usort-1.0.8.post1.tar.gz (83.2 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Source

Built Distribution

usort-1.0.8.post1-py3-none-any.whl (37.3 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Python 3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page