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Python Validator

Project description

Validator

Validator is a Python library for dealing with request validating.

Table of Contents

Installation

Use the package manager pip to install Validator.

pip install validator

Usage

User should pass request dictionary and rules dictionary for validating data in the request.

Please see examples below:

from validator import validate

reqs = {"name": "Jon Doe",
        "age": 33,
        "mail": "jon_doe@gmail.com"}

rule = {"name": "required",
        "age": "integer|min:18",
        "mail": "required|mail"}

result = validate(request, rules) # True

valiadte() returns either True or False.

Another option is to use Validator class

from validator import Validator

reqs = {...}
rule = {...}

val = Validator(request, rules)
result = val.validate() # True

Error Messages

Validator allows user to have a look at failed validations

from validator import validate

reqs = {"name": "",
        "mail": "jon_doe"}

rule = {"name": "required",
        "mail": "mail"}

result, errors = validate(reqs, rule, return_errors=True)

"""
result = True
errors = {'name': {'Required': 'Field was empty'},
          mail': {'Mail': 'Expected a Mail, Got: jon_doe'}}
"""

Or you can use Validator class for error messages as well (result and errors are same).

val = Validator(request, rules)
result = val.validate()
errors = val.get_error_messages()

Validating Arrays

Validator comes with validate_many() function, which validates multiple requests. Function takes list of requests and one rule. This rule is checked for all the requests. If one or more requests fail validation function returns False, otherwise (if all pass) True. For more details see example below:

Validation Passes:

from validator import validate_many

requests = [{"name": "Jon"},
            {"name": "Rob"},
            {"name": "Tom"},
            {"name": "Greg"}]
rule = {"name": 'required|min:3'}

result = validate_many(requests, rule) # True

We can also ahve a look at failde validations and error messages. validate_many() takes third argument as boolean, indicating return of error messages.

Validation Fails:

from validator import validate_many

requests = [{"name": "Jon"},
            {"name": ""},
            {"name": "Yo"},
            {"name": "Greg"}]
rule = {"name": 'required|min:3'}

result, errors = validate_many(requests, rule, return_errors=True)
"""
result = False
errors = [{},
          {'name': {'Min': 'Expected Maximum: 3, Got: 0', 'Required': 'Field was empty'}},
          {'name': {'Min': 'Expected Maximum: 3, Got: 2'}},
          {}]
"""

Rules

Validator Rules can be used in different ways. Please see some examples below:

Strings

rule = {"name": "required",
        "age": "integer|min:18",
        "mail": "required|mail"}

Array of Strings

rule = {"name": ["required"],
        "age": ["integer", "min:18"],
        "mail": ["required", "mail"]}

Array of Rules

from validator import rules as R

rules = {"name": [R.Required()],
        "age": [R.Integer(), R.Min(18)],
        "mail": [R.Requried(), R.Mail()]}

Other Miscellaneous

from validator import rules as R

rules = {"name": R.Required(),           # no need for Array Brackets if one rule
        "age": [R.Integer, R.Min(18)],
        "mail": [R.Requried, R.Mail]}   # no need for class initialization with brakcets () 
                                        # if no arguments are passed to rule

All of rules are listed in RULES.md file

Rules Interconnection

Rules can affect each other. Let's take a look at Size rule. It takes 1 argument and checks if data is equal to given value (example: 'size:10').

  • Case 1: checks for length of '18' to be 18. len('18') is 2, therefore it is False.
reqs = {'age' : '18'}
rule = {'age' : 'size:18'}

validate(reqs, rule)
"""
result = False
errors = {'age': {'Size': 'Expected Size:18, Got:2'}}
"""
  • Case 2: checks if int representation of '18' is equal to 18. (int('18') = 18), therefore it is True.
reqs = {'age' : '18'}
rule = {'age' : 'integer|size:18'}

validate(reqs, rule) # True

Contributing

Pull requests are welcome. For major changes, please open an issue first to discuss what you would like to change.

Please see CONTRIBUTING.md before making PR :)

License

MIT

Project details


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