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A easy why to mock your production environment variables during development in your project

Project description


current :green_heart: license python

A simple way to mock your environment variables during development.

Just add'em to the varenv.conf.json and have fun =). The varenv package will not overwrite any already existente environment variables.

This library was designed to be inbuilt in pojects that, when going to production, will consume environment variable, very commonly used in application that'll run in docker containers. So, they need something to mock these variable under development but that won't get in the way in production.

Basic Usage

Create a file called varenv.conf.json at your project's root path like this:

  "SRPC_SERVER": "",
  "SRPC_SERVER_PORT": "2727",

It can also be YAML file called varenv.conf.yml or varenv.conf.yaml. The equivalent to the above file being:


now use it like this in your program:

import varenv.varenv as varenv

my_server_ip = varenv.get_env("SRPC_SERVER")
my_server_port = varenv.get_env("SRPC_SERVER_PORT")

# after a while, for some reason, something chaged your enviroment variables values
# then refresh it
new_server_port = varenv.get_env("SRPC_SERVER_PORT")

If you want to change the location of the virenv.conf.json file, you can define a environment variable called VARENV_CONF_FILE_PATH to any path you desire.

You can do that in a variaty of ways, here is two exemples:

by python:

import os
os.environ['VARENV_CONF_FILE_PATH'] = '/folder/my_path/virenv.conf.json'
import varenv

by your .bashrc file:


by bash when calling your python program:

VARENV_CONF_FILE_PATH=/folder/my_path/virenv.conf.json python3

Using Variales with Alias

In the version 1.0.6 a new feature was added thinking about the following user case: considering the existense of 3 clusters environments in a company's cloud system, let's say: development, production and homolog; and a CI/CD server like GitLab's* one have a look is also being used. It may be needed to use the same variable with different values across all these clusters, this can lead to a problem when configuring that on GitLab's enviroment variables.

Exemple: Supposing the need to define a database password. That's gonna have different values on the development, production and homolog clusters enviroments, also it's gotta a value for the developer to use in his personal machine. To approach this question, define the varenv.conf.yml file like this:

    value: p@ssword_f0r_the_developer

In the python code call the variable DATA_BASE_PASSWORD like this:

import varenv.varenv as varenv

data_base_endpoint = varenv.get_env("DATA_BASE_ENDPOINT")
data_base_port = varenv.get_env("DATA_BASE_PORT")
data_base_password = varenv.get_env("DATA_BASE_PASSWORD")

# NOTE: the value defined within the code is gonna be the dict's key that defines the alias in the config file.

In the CI/CD server define the variables: DATA_BASE_PASSWORD_PROD, DATA_BASE_PASSWORD_HOMOLOG and DATA_BASE_PASSWORD_DEV, passing each one to it's respective cluster.

How does it work?

When the Varenv get started and the variable with an alias is found, the module will search for the presence of every value in the alias array in the enviroment, stoping at the first match case found.

Note: The variables are gonna be searched at the same order as presented in the alias array in the file, and be resented to the programmer as in the object key. So if, for whatever reason, in the above exemple DATA_BASE_PASSWORD_PROD and DATA_BASE_PASSWORD_DEV get defined in the same enviroment, only the value of the first one will be taken into consideration and will be available in code as DATA_BASE_PASSWORD.

Author's Note

create by me, davincif, this project was first though to fulfill the needs of a another professional project I've made. But it sounds so potentially useful the the community that I decided to open this package here freely distributed.

I actively use this project since I created it back in 2018, and it happens to be pretty useful. Wich is surprising given that I thought it would be a one project thing. Thus I decided keep maintaining it, basically by solving bugs and adding new features required by other projects.

So let me know if you want to help out, or if you need any formal concentiment to use this software, despite the fact that it's already free and open by terms of a very permissive license as zlib.

See also
  • Dependency Manager project: A simple way of managing pip dependencies, separating in dev and prod, and tracking them.
  • SimplestRPC project: A simple RPC for python - study project.

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