Tools for signing and verifying WARC files
Tools to add and a verify a cryptographic signature to WARC (or any gzip-chunked) files
This package provides complemetary warc-sign tool which signs WARC(s) with an RSA signature and warc-verify which verifies that the WARC(s) have been signed.
Install with: python setup.py install
Tests can be run with: python setup.py test
To sign a warc:
warc-sign privatekey.pem my-warc-file.warc.gz
To verify that a warc has been signed:
warc-verify publickey.pem my-warc-file.warc.gz
warcsigner can be used from other scripts. To sign a warc:
from warcsigner.warcsigner import RSASigner signer = RSASigner(private_key_file='privatekey.pem') if signer.sign('my-warc-file.warc.gz'): # warc signed successfully
or to verify:
from warcsigner.warcsigner import RSASigner signer = RSASigner(public_key_file='publickey.pem') if signer.verify('my-warc-file.warc.gz'): # signature verified else: # signature not found/invalid
the sign and verify methods can take either a filename string or a file-like stream object (an object with a read method)
Additionally, upon verification, the signature can be removed:
if signer.verify('my-warc-file.warc.gz', remove=True): # signature verified and removed assert signer.verify('my-warc-file.warc.gz') == False
If the first verify succeeds, the signature will be removed and file truncated to its previous pre-signature size. (The file is unaltered if the verification fails). This may be useful if planning to append to the WARC and then resigning it.
Streaming and seek()
It is possible to use a file-like object which supports a read() instead of a filename.
When a WARC is signed, the signature is appended to the end of the file.
When verifying a file, the seek() may be used to determine the file size and the position of the signature. However, if a size= param is added to verify or verify_stream calls, no seek() calls are made during the verification and the file-like object is consumed linearly. This is specially useful when streaming a file from a remote location and seek() is not available. The total file size must be provided, though.
Public/Private keys are expected to be in .PEM format See the python-rsa formats doc for more information on supported key formats.
In certain situations, it may be useful to return the original, unsigned stream from a signed stream. signer.get_unsigned_stream(stream, size) will return a wrapper for stream which will not include the signature (if present). This is useful if concatenating WARCs without including a signature (and empty record) for each one.
How it works
The python-rsa library is used to sign and verify the signature.
The signature is stored in an extra gzip chunk containing no data but using custom extra field to store the signature. This allows the verify tool to quickly access the signature by checking a fixed offset from the end of the WARC.
When decompressing gzip chunks, there should be no detectable difference as most gzip tools ignore the extra gzip header.
While this is designed for compressed WARCs, this can be used for any format consisting of concatenated gzip chunks, ARC files, etc…
Note: since the signature is a gzip block, it makes less sense for uncompressed / plain text files.