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Wikipedia tools (for Humans)

Project description

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Python and command-line MediaWiki access for Humans

  • get page extracts, image, Infobox data, Wikidata, and more
  • get a random page, category, or site
  • get page statistics
  • get category members
  • get site info and stats
  • get data in any language

This package is intended to make it as easy as possible to get data from MediaWiki instances, expose more Wikidata, and extend Wikimedia APIs just for kicks. We say “(for Humans)” because that is a goal. Questions, feedback, and especially contributions are welcome!

Install

$ pip install wptools
✨🦄✨

Example

>>> import wptools

Get a page object:

>>> page = wptools.page('Gandhi')

Get API:Query data:

>>> page.get_query()
en.wikipedia.org (query) Gandhi
en.wikipedia.org (imageinfo) File:Portrait Gandhi.jpg
Mahatma Gandhi (en) data
{
  aliases: <list(10)> M K Gandhi, Mohandas Gandhi, Bapu, Gandhi, M...
  assessments: <dict(10)> Pakistan, Alternative Views, South Afric...
  description: <str(67)> pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism ...
  extext: <str(3077)> Mahātmā **Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi** ( ; H...
  extract: <str(3372)> <p>Mahātmā <b>Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi</b...
  image: <list(2)> {u'size': 2951123, 'kind': 'query-pageimage', u...
  label: Mahatma Gandhi
  length: 262,790
  links: <list(500)> 10 Janpath, 14th Dalai Lama, 1915 Singapore M...
  modified: <dict(1)> page
  pageid: 19379
  random: Salt
  redirected: <list(1)> {u'to': u'Mahatma Gandhi', u'from': u'Gandhi'}
  redirects: <list(53)> {u'ns': 0, u'pageid': 55342, u'title': u'M...
  requests: <list(2)> query, imageinfo
  title: Mahatma Gandhi
  url: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi
  url_raw: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi?action=raw
  watchers: 1,811
  wikibase: Q1001
  wikidata_url: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1001
}

Get API:Parse data:

>>> page.get_parse()
en.wikipedia.org (parse) Gandhi
en.wikipedia.org (imageinfo) File:MKGandhi.jpg
Mahatma Gandhi (en) data
{
  image: <list(1)> {u'size': 2951123, 'kind': 'parse-image', u'des...
  infobox: <dict(25)> known_for, other_names, image, signature, bi...
  iwlinks: <list(10)> https://biblio.wiki/wiki/Mohandas_K._Gandhi,...
  pageid: 19379
  parsetree: <str(331808)> <root><template><title>Redirect</title>...
  requests: <list(2)> parse, imageinfo
  title: Mahatma Gandhi
  wikibase: Q1001
  wikidata_url: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1001
  wikitext: <str(261349)> {{Redirect|Gandhi}}{{pp-move-indef}}{{pp...
}

Get Wikidata:

>>> page = wptools.page(wikibase='Q1001')
>>> page.get_wikidata()
www.wikidata.org (wikidata) Q1001
www.wikidata.org (labels) Q1280678|P535|P434|Q1860|P3762|Q668|P12...
www.wikidata.org (labels) P119|Q1930187|P691|P18|P19|P1066|P509|P...
www.wikidata.org (labels) Q6512732|Q1568|P972|Q84|P1430|P31|Q2140...
www.wikidata.org (labels) P1576|Q4964182|P1368|P140|Q22336956|P12...
en.wikipedia.org (imageinfo) File:Portrait Gandhi.jpg
Mahatma Gandhi (en) data
{
  aliases: <list(10)> M K Gandhi, Mohandas Gandhi, Bapu, Gandhi, M...
  claims: <dict(113)> P646, P535, P906, P434, P648, P3762, P1711, ...
  description: <str(67)> pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism ...
  image: <list(1)> {u'size': 2951123, 'kind': 'wikidata-image', u'...
  label: Mahatma Gandhi
  labels: <dict(171)> Q1280678, P535, Q131149, P434, Q1860, P3762,...
  modified: <dict(1)> wikidata
  requests: <list(6)> wikidata, labels, labels, labels, labels, im...
  title: Mahatma_Gandhi
  what: human
  wikibase: Q1001
  wikidata: <dict(112)> Geni.com profile ID (P2600), National Libr...
  wikidata_pageid: 1330
  wikidata_url: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1001
}

Get RESTBase data:

>>> page.get_restbase('/page/summary/')
en.wikipedia.org (restbase) /page/summary/Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi (en) data
{
  description: <str(67)> pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism ...
  exhtml: <str(1168)> <p>Mahātmā <b>Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi</b>...
  exrest: <str(931)> Mahātmā Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (; Hindust...
  image: <list(2)> {'kind': 'restbase-original', u'width': 2024, '...
  pageid: 19379
  requests: <list(1)> restbase
  title: Mahatma_Gandhi
  url: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gandhi
  url_raw: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gandhi?action=raw
}

Get all the things (at once):

>>> page.get()
en.wikipedia.org (query) Gandhi
en.wikipedia.org (parse) 19379
www.wikidata.org (wikidata) Q1001
www.wikidata.org (labels) Q1280678|P535|P434|Q1860|P3762|Q668|P12...
www.wikidata.org (labels) P119|Q1930187|P691|P18|P19|P1066|P509|P...
www.wikidata.org (labels) Q6512732|Q1568|P972|Q84|P1430|P31|Q2140...
www.wikidata.org (labels) P1576|Q4964182|P1368|P140|Q22336956|P12...
en.wikipedia.org (restbase) /page/summary/Mahatma_Gandhi
en.wikipedia.org (imageinfo) File:MKGandhi.jpg|File:Portrait Gandhi.jpg
Mahatma Gandhi (en) data
{
  aliases: <list(10)> M K Gandhi, Mohandas Gandhi, Bapu, Gandhi, M...
  assessments: <dict(10)> Pakistan, Alternative Views, South Afric...
  claims: <dict(113)> P646, P535, P906, P434, P648, P3762, P1711, ...
  description: <str(67)> pre-eminent leader of Indian nationalism ...
  exhtml: <str(1168)> <p>Mahātmā <b>Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi</b>...
  exrest: <str(931)> Mahātmā Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (; Hindust...
  extext: <str(3077)> Mahātmā **Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi** ( ; H...
  extract: <str(3372)> <p>Mahātmā <b>Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi</b...
  image: <list(6)> {u'size': 2951123, 'kind': 'query-pageimage', u...
  infobox: <dict(25)> known_for, other_names, image, signature, bi...
  iwlinks: <list(10)> https://biblio.wiki/wiki/Mohandas_K._Gandhi,...
  label: Mahatma Gandhi
  labels: <dict(171)> Q1280678, P535, Q131149, P434, Q1860, P3762,...
  length: 262,790
  links: <list(500)> 10 Janpath, 14th Dalai Lama, 1915 Singapore M...
  modified: <dict(2)> wikidata, page
  pageid: 19379
  parsetree: <str(331808)> <root><template><title>Redirect</title>...
  random: Salt
  redirected: <list(1)> {u'to': u'Mahatma Gandhi', u'from': u'Gandhi'}
  redirects: <list(53)> {u'ns': 0, u'pageid': 55342, u'title': u'M...
  requests: <list(9)> query, parse, wikidata, labels, labels, labe...
  title: Mahatma_Gandhi
  url: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi
  url_raw: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi?action=raw
  watchers: 1,811
  what: human
  wikibase: Q1001
  wikidata: <dict(112)> Geni.com profile ID (P2600), National Libr...
  wikidata_pageid: 1330
  wikidata_url: https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q1001
  wikitext: <str(261349)> {{Redirect|Gandhi}}{{pp-move-indef}}{{pp...
}

Get more (expensive) data:

>>> page.get_more()
en.wikipedia.org (querymore) Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi (en) data
{
  categories: <list(68)> Category:1869 births, Category:1948 death...
  contributors: 2,606
  files: <list(53)> File:Aum Om red.svg, File:Commons-logo.svg, Fi...
  languages: <list(168)> {u'lang': u'af', u'title': u'Mahatma Gand...
  pageid: 19379
  redirected: <list(1)> {u'to': u'Mahatma Gandhi', u'from': u'Gandhi'}
  requests: <list(1)> querymore
  title: Mahatma Gandhi
  views: 19,242
}

Get data in another language:

>>> page = wptools.page(lang='zh')
zh.wikipedia.org (random) 🍰
哈莉特·塔布曼 (zh) data
{
  pageid: 211070
  title: 哈莉特·塔布曼
}

Get data from another wiki:

>>> page = wptools.page(wiki='en.wikiquote.org')
en.wikiquote.org (random) 🍪
Malala_Yousafzai (en)
{
  pageid: 146817
  title: Malala_Yousafzai
}

Documentation

See our wiki.

Please enjoy!

@siznax 👹

Release History

0.4.13 (2018-05-07)

  • Put API warnings in data attribute (#120)
  • Support getting backlinks w/continuations (#119)
  • Always respect silent flag (#118)
  • Improved infobox parsing (#91, #109)
  • Added image (license, assessment) metadata (#104, #105)
  • Fixed Wikidata pageid, image bugs (#101, #102)
  • Added support for category continuations, subcategories (#99)
  • Merged @RobbieClarken fix for non-value Wikidata snaktypes (#98)
  • Merged @seansay fix for deleted Wikidata item (#97)
  • Fixed TypeError on Windows 10 (#95)
  • Fixed RESTBase LookupError on slash titles (#94)
  • Added boxterm param for more Infobox reach (#91)
  • Improved stress tests, wptool CLI script output
  • Fixed get_imageinfo() issue (#93)
  • Getting ALL Wikidata (#56)
  • Surfaced redirects, disambiguation links (#25)
  • Increased test coverage to 95%, pylint score 10.0
  • Added more page data, split off expensive queries
  • Implemented basic category and site functionality
  • Changed page._WIKIPROPS to wikidata.LABELS
  • Refactored attributes to only cache, data, flags, params
  • Unified Wikimedia APIs access pattern via wptools.core

0.3 (2017-08-13)

  • Implemented general RESTBase /page/ access (#67)
  • Merged @rikima’s contrib plus py3 patch (#66)
  • Made page.info(), query(), response() methods useable
  • Improved wiki documentation (see Actions, Attributes)

0.2.3 (2017-04-17)

  • Merge @aplz improvement: fetch full lists in infobox values (#62)
  • Put HTML extract with wikilinks into ‘exhtml’
  • Fix AttributeError bug (#47)
  • Refactoring fixes

0.2 (2016-11-06)

  • Many fixes/improvements with help of @seansay (thank you!)
  • Raise LookupError on API missing page/title
  • Consolidated images and caches
  • Support get_query() by pageid
  • Support proxy, timeout on all API entrypoints
  • Support for language variants (e.g. variant=’zh-cn’)
  • Support for non-https wikis via wiki=’http://example.com
  • Automatically get_imageinfo() via MediaWiki API:Imageinfo
  • moved NOTES.md to wiki

0.1.7 (2016-09-20)

  • Minor fixes
  • Provide local SSL certs with python-certifi
  • Enabled extending Wikidata properties
  • Improved cache checking

0.1.4 (2016-09-06)

  • Python 3 support!
  • Implemented get_claims()
  • Patch get_rest() path, tests/test_advanced
  • Implemented get_wikidata() by title, lang
  • Geo coordinates Property:P625 from Wikidata
  • Added RESTBase support, lead attribute
  • Made wptools.page() the atomic object

0.1.0 (2016-08-25)

  • Many fixes, enhancements.
  • ONE CLI SCRIPT TO RULE THEM ALL: wptool.
  • Much testing of random (title, lang, and wiki).
  • Allow chaining get_s or just get().
  • Enabled full-hydration from wikibase only.
  • Block further requests on fatal error.
  • Get 240x thumbnails instead of default 50x.
  • Harmonized silent and verbose arguments.
  • Mock-up tests/test_advanced.py.
  • Made NOTES.md a knowledge base.
  • Use _humans_ in README examples. ;-)

0.0.5 (2016-08-23)

  • Major re-write.
  • Exposed core.WPTools as entrypoint.
  • Added get_parse(), get_query(), and get_wikidata().
  • Added get(self) to query all APIs.
  • Added show(self) method to display fetched attrs.
  • Show instance attributes after each request.
  • Ignore requests if attrs will not be updated.
  • Enabled language support across APIs.
  • Gets random article if no arguments.
  • CLI scripts and tests disabled pending update.

0.0.4 (2016-08-16)

  • Added wptools.lead.
  • Added safe_exit() to CLI scripts.
  • Removed a fair amount of unused code.

0.0.3 (2016-08-12)

  • Implemented wptools.image choices.
  • Added wptools.api to simplify python i/f and CLI scripts.
  • Merged @0x9900’s CLI dist fixes.
  • A little more test coverage.
  • Starting to look like a legit module.

0.0.1 (2015)

  • Still better than alternatives for working with articles.

0.0.0 (2012)

  • It seems to work!

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