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Create WebComponent (Custom Element) from a python file

Project description


Create a Web Component (a Custom Element) from a python file (transpile python code to javascript (es2015)).



  • Use python to define your custom element (the important one ;-))
  • Use @react decorator to auto declare js methods (avoid observedAttributes and attributeChangedCallback)
  • can generate multiple custom elements from a single python file
  • auto register component's names in the page, based on classnames (customElements.define("my-component", MyComponent))
  • include javascript code (in module docstring)
  • generate es2015 javascript, for a maximum of compatibilities
  • 100% unittest coverage
  • should work with py2 too


[see changelog](


wyc is on pypi :

pip install wyc


On server side ... just declare a http endpoint (/generate/<py_file>), get the content of the <py_file> and just return

So, your python file is automatically transpiled to JS, and directly usable in your html page, by adding a <script src='/generate/' ></script>.

If your component class is named "MyComponent" (in, it will be usable as <my-component ...> ... </my-component>


A minimal python custom element could be:

class HelloWorld(HTMLElement):
    """<div>Hello World</div>"""

When it's linked in your html page, you can start to use <hello-world/>.

Your class must inherit from HTMLElement, so you will have access to shadow dom thru self.shadowRoot. And your class will work exactly like HTMLElement in js side, so there are special methods which are usable nativly:

  • def connectedCallback(self): Invoked each time the custom element is appended into a document-connected element. This will happen each time the node is moved, and may happen before the element's contents have been fully parsed.
  • def disconnectedCallback(self): Invoked each time the custom element is disconnected from the document's DOM.
  • def adoptedCallback(self): Invoked each time the custom element is moved to a new document.

the others methods (observedAttributes and attributeChangedCallback) should not be used, because wyc generate them automatically depending on the usage of the @react() decorator.

Declare react's attributes

By using the @react(*attributes), you can declare method which will be invoked when an attribute change.

class HelloWorld(HTMLElement):
    """<div>Hello World</div>"""

    def method(self):

When "nb" attribute change, the method is invoked ... simple!

Initialize things at constructor phase

Your component can use an init(self) instance method, to initialize things at constructor phase.

class HelloWorld(HTMLElement):
    """<div>Hello World</div>"""
    def init(self):
        self.root = self.shadowRoot.querySelector("div")

Declare js code in py component

Sometimes you'll need to use external js, you can declare them in module docstrings.

var myExternalJs=function() { ... }

class HelloWorld(HTMLElement):
    """<div>Hello World</div>"""

    def a_method(self):

Demos and examples

See examples, for real examples and more tips ...


At the beginning, I've built the same kind of things for brython ... but it was not a good idea, because brython would have been mandatory to use them.

Based on my experience with vbuild, I had made a POC with the marvelous pscript... And the POC comes to a real life module, which is pretty usable, in production too.

Thus, wyc components are usable in html/js, brython, angular, vuejs, react, svelte ...etc... it's the power of standards.

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