PDF generator using HTML and CSS
The current release of xhtml2pdf is xhtml2pdf 0.2.1 which is the first stable version that has Python 3 support. As with all open-source software, its use in production depends on many factors, so be aware that you may find issues in some cases. Big thanks to everyone who has worked on this project so far and to those who help maintain it.
What else can you use instead?
Go use WeasyPrint, the codebase is pretty, it has a different features, and it does a lot of what xhtml2pdf does and it is easier to use in many circumstances.
xhtml2pdf has some documentation, and we could use your help improving it. A good place to start is doc/usage.rst.
Or also see in Readthedocs
Call for testing
This project is heavily dependent on getting its test coverage up! Currently, Python 3 support is being worked on and many refactors and suggestions are potentially coming in. Furthermore, parts of the codebase could do well with cleanups and refactoring.
If you benefit from xhtml2pdf, perhaps look at the test coverage and identify parts that are yet untouched.
xhtml2pdf is a html2pdf converter using the ReportLab Toolkit, the HTML5lib and pyPdf. It supports HTML 5 and CSS 2.1 (and some of CSS 3). It is completely written in pure Python so it is platform independent.
The main benefit of this tool that a user with Web skills like HTML and CSS is able to generate PDF templates very quickly without learning new technologies.
This is a typical Python library and is installed using pip:
pip install xhtml2pdf
Python 2.7+. Only Python 3.4+ is tested and guaranteed to work.
All additional requirements are listed in requirements.txt file and are installed automatically using the pip install xhtml2pdf method.
If you don’t have it, install pip, the python package installer:
sudo easy_install pip
For more information about pip refer to http://www.pip-installer.org/.
I will recommend using virtualenv for development. This is great to have separate environment for each project, keeping the dependencies for multiple projects separated:
sudo pip install virtualenv
For more information about virtualenv refer to http://www.virtualenv.org/
Create virtualenv for the project. This can be inside the project directory, but cannot be under version control:
virtualenv --distribute xhtml2pdfenv --python=python2
Activate your virtualenv:
Later to deactivate use:
Next step will be to install/upgrade dependencies from requirements.txt file:
pip install -r requirements.txt
Run tests to check your configuration:
You should have a log with success status:
Ran 36 tests in 0.322s OK
Some simple demos of how to integrate xhtml2pdf into a Python program may be found here: test/simple.py
Two different test suites are available to assert xhtml2pdf works reliably:
Unit tests. The unit testing framework is currently minimal, but is being improved on a daily basis (contributions welcome). They should run in the expected way for Python’s unittest module, i.e.:
nosetests --with-coverage (or your personal favorite)
Functional tests. Thanks to mawe42’s super cool work, a full functional test suite lives in testrender/.
This project is community-led! To strengthen it, please hang out on IRC #xhtml2pdf (Freenode) or join our maling list.
This are the major milestones and the maintainers of the project:
- 2000-2007, commercial project, spirito.de, written by Dirk Holtwich
- 2007-2010 Dirk Holtwich (project named “Pisa”, project released as GPL)
- 2010-2012 Dirk Holtwick (project named “xhtml2pdf”, changed license to Apache)
- 2012-2015 Chris Glass (@chrisglass)
- 2015-2016 Benjamin Bach (@benjaoming)
- 2016-2018 Sam Spencer (@LegoStormtroopr)
- 2018-Current Luis Zarate (@luisza)
For more history, see the CHANGELOG.
Copyright 2010 Dirk Holtwick, holtwick.it
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the “License”); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.
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