Make Excel fly: Interact with Excel from Python and vice versa.
xlwings is a BSD-licensed Python library that makes it easy to call Python from Excel and vice versa:
- Interact with Excel from Python using a syntax that is close to VBA yet Pythonic.
- Replace your VBA macros with Python code and still pass around your workbooks as easy as before.
xlwings fully supports NumPy arrays and Pandas DataFrames. It works with Microsoft Excel on Windows and Mac.
xlwings is currently in an early stage. The API might change in backward incompatible ways.
Interact with Excel from Python
Writing/reading values to/from Excel and adding a chart is as easy as:
>>> from xlwings import Workbook, Range, Chart >>> wb = Workbook() # Creates a connection with a new workbook >>> Range('A1').value = ['Foo 1', 'Foo 2', 'Foo 3', 'Foo 4'] >>> Range('A2').value = [10, 20, 30, 40] >>> Range('A1').table.value # Read the whole table back [[u'Foo 1', u'Foo 2', u'Foo 3', u'Foo 4'], [10.0, 20.0, 30.0, 40.0]] >>> chart = Chart().add(source_data=Range('A1').table)
The Range object as used above will refer to the active sheet. Include the Sheet name like this:
Qualify the Workbook additionally like this:
The good news is that these commands also work seamlessly with NumPy arrays and Pandas DataFrames.
Call Python from Excel (Windows only)
This functionality is currently only available on Windows: If, for example, you want to fill your spreadsheet with standard normally distributed random numbers, your VBA code is just one line:
Sub RandomNumbers() RunPython ("import mymodule; mymodule.rand_numbers()") End Sub
This essentially hands over control to mymodule.py:
import numpy as np from xlwings import Workbook, Range wb = Workbook() # Creates a reference to the calling Excel file def rand_numbers(): """ produces standard normally distributed random numbers with shape (n,n)""" n = Range('Sheet1', 'B1').value # Write desired dimensions into Cell B1 rand_num = np.random.randn(n, n) Range('Sheet1', 'C3').value = rand_num
To make this run, just import de VBA module xlwings.bas in the VBA editor (Open the VBA editor with Alt-F11, then go to File > Import File... and import the xlwings.bas file. ). It can be found in the directory of your xlwings installation.
Deployment is really the part where xlwings shines:
- Just zip-up your Spreadsheet with your Python code and send it around. The receiver only needs to have an installation of Python with xlwings (and obviously all the other packages you’re using).
- There is no need to install any Excel add-in.
- If this still sounds too complicated, just freeze your Python code into an executable and use RunFrozenPython instead of RunPython. This gives you a standalone version of your Spreadsheet tool without any dependencies.
The easiest way to install xlwings is via pip:
pip install xlwings
Alternatively it can be installed from source. From within the xlwings directory, execute:
python setup.py install
- Windows: pywin32
- Mac: psutil, appscript
Note that on Mac, the dependencies are automatically being handled if xlwings is installed with pip. However, the Xcode command line tools need to be available.