Skip to main content

Xml2rfc generates RFCs and IETF drafts from document source in XML according to the IETF xml2rfc v2 and v3 vocabularies.

Project description


The IETF uses a specific format for the standards and other documents it publishes as RFCs, and for the draft documents which are produced when developing documents for publications. There exists a number of different tools to facilitate the formatting of drafts and RFCs according to the existing rules, and this tool, xml2rfc, is one of them. It takes as input an xml file which contains the text and meta-information about author names etc., and transforms it into suitably formatted output. The input xml file should follow the grammars in RFC7749 (for v2 documents) or RFC7991 (for v3 documents). Note that the grammar for v3 is still being refined, and changes will eventually be captured in the bis draft for 7991. Changes not yet captured can be seen in the xml2rfc source v3.rng.

xml2rfc provides a variety of output formats. See the command line help for a full list of formats. It also provides conversion from v2 to v3, and can run the preptool on its input.


Installation of the python package is done as usual with ‘pip install xml2rfc’, using appropriate switches and/or sudo.

Installation of support libraries for the PDF-formatter

In order to generate PDFs, xml2rfc uses the WeasyPrint module, which depends on external libaries that must be installed as native packages on your platform, separately from the xml2rfc install.

First, install the Cairo, Pango, and GDK-PixBuf library files on your system. See installation instructions on the WeasyPrint Docs:

(Python 3 is not needed if your system Python is 2.7, though).

(On some OS X systems with System Integrity Protection active, you may need to create a symlink from your home directory to the library installation directory (often /opt/local/lib):

ln -s /opt/local/lib ~/lib

in order for weasyprint to find the installed cairo and pango libraries. Whether this is needed or not depends on whether you used macports or homebrew to install cairo and pango, and the homebrew / macport version.)

Next, install the pycairo and weasyprint python modules using pip. Depending on your system, you may need to use ‘sudo’ or install in user-specific directories, using the –user switch. On OS X in particular, you may also need to install a newer version of setuptools using –user before weasyprint can be installed. If you install with the –user switch, you may need to also set PYTHONPATH, e.g.,


for Python 2.7.

The basic pip commands (modify as needed according to the text above) are:

pip install ‘pycairo>=1.18’ ‘weasyprint<=0.42.3’

With these installed and available to xml2rfc, the –pdf switch will be enabled.

For PDF output, you also need to install the Noto font set. Download the full set from, and install as appropriate for your platform.


xml2rfc accepts a single XML document as input and outputs to one or more conversion formats.

Basic Usage: xml2rfc SOURCE [options] FORMATS...

Run xml2rfc --help for a full listing of command-line options.


Version 2.38.1 (20 Jan 2020)

  • Added a preptool check for numbered sections occurring after or under unnumbered sections, and changed the code for Reference sections to not emit section numbers if the previous section was unnumbered. Fixes issue #433

  • Refactored the code for reference anchor to display string mapping, locating it in a base class method. Updated it to honour the symRefs setting. Fixes issue #476.

  • Added installation of Python 3.8 to Dockerfile, and updated the minor version numbers for the other Python installation stanzas.

  • Fixed a problem rendering multiple authors with organization showOnFrontPage=’false’. Further addresses issue #483.

  • Added a switch –no-external-js, and some other –no-* switches to invert boolean settings. Fixes issue #486.

  • Added an early return from cache() when repeated attempts to fetch an URL fails.

Version 2.38.0 (14 Jan 2020)

  • Tweaked the preptool handling of <xref> in <toc>. Further addresses issue #466, fixing an issue that could occur if a section used for instance <sub> or <sup>.

  • Fixed an off-by-one error in list indexing during text wrapping of first page header content. Fixes issue #483.

  • Tweaked the output for <xref format=’title’> when refering to Reference entries.

  • Fixed a Py2/Py3 code compatibility issue

  • Tweaked the handling of <artwork type=’ascii-art’> to insert ‘(Artwork only available as …)’ text also for text content which is only whitespace.

  • Changed utils.isblock() to use a list of element tags derived from the schema instead of a static list, to avoid discrepancies between schema and code.

  • Changed the parser’s handling of inter-element blank text to keep instead of remove, in order to not drop intentional blank space between for instance <xref> instances.

  • Reverted the silencing of warnings related to postal address input. Addresses issue #437.

  • Added code to deal better with <iref> as a direct child of <section>. Fixes issue #479.

  • Fixed a bug where text after <iref> was lost by the text formatter. Fixes issue #480

  • Added an option to list recognised country names for use with <country>, and changed the note() emitted for unrecognized countries to a warning. Added some new alternative country strings.

  • Updated test masters

  • Fixed a problem with <author> entries with only <organization> information. Fixes issue #424.

  • Added a minimum width setting for tables, in order to avoid table captions rendering in very narrow space when the table itself is narrow. Fixes issue #482.

  • Avoid double space after initial when <contact> is rendered inline. Fixes issue #478.

  • Added code to recognise another case of inconsistent table row cell counts and report the issue.

  • Added ‘P.R. China’ as a recognized country name.

  • From Python 3.2 and later, cgi.encode() is deprecated. Changed to use html.encode() instead.

Version 2.37.3 (22 Dec 2019)

  • Undid margin-left: 0 for <dd> from the original supplied CSS, which caused nested lists to not have any distinction between levels. Fixes issue #458.

  • Tweaked the margin of block elements within <aside>. Fixes issue #469.

  • Added <dt> and <li> to list of block elements. Fixes issue #453.

  • Treated pilcrows on sourcecode within figure the same way as artwork within figure (don’t add a pilcrow, since the figure title already provides an anchor). Fixes issue #475.

  • Don’t use both @seriesNo and <seriesInfo> to emit series number. Fixes issue #477.

  • Added code to adapt the line break position for long Updates: and Obsoletes: entries for long right-column entries. Fixes issue #472.

  • Added normalization before the comparison that determines if <xref> text content is different from derivedContent or not, and should be emitted in addition to the derivedContent. Fixes issue #466.

  • Fixed a case where simple derivedContent was used instead of fully rendered explicit <xref> text content where available. Fixes issue #474.

Project details

Release history Release notifications | RSS feed

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

xml2rfc-2.38.1.tar.gz (3.9 MB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page