Skip to main content
Donate to the Python Software Foundation or Purchase a PyCharm License to Benefit the PSF! Donate Now

Local Zope Component Support

Project description

This package allows for local component registries and local component management.

Detailed Documentation

Zope 3’s Local Component Architecture

The local component architecture provides several packages that can be used independent of the entire component architecture framework. Thus, I decided to document these frameworks in different files.

o Registration Framework (registration.txt)

Provides an API for creating custom registries. The entries of the registries are managed via registration components. A specific implementation for component-based registrations is also provided. Finally, there are some generic container classes that allow the developer to manage the components and their registrations.

o Local Adapter Registry (adapterregistry.txt)

Provides a persistent adapter registry that uses the registration framework. Local registries can be assembled to a registry tree where nodes further down in the tree overrride registrations of higher-up nodes.

o Sites and Local Site Managers (site.txt)

Provides a local and persistent site manager implementation, so that one can register local utilities and adapters. It uses local adapter registries for its adapter and utility registry. The module also provides some facilities to organize the local software and ensures the correct behavior inside the ZODB.

Local Component Architecture API

While the component architecture API provided by zope.component is sufficient most of the time, there are a couple of functions that are useful in the context of multiple sites and base component registries.

— BBB: Deprecated on 9/26/2006 –

>>> import zope.deprecation

A very common use case is to get the nearest site manager in a given context. Sometimes, however, one wants the next higher-up site manager. First, let’s create a folder tree and create some sites from it:

>>> from import setup
>>> root = setup.buildSampleFolderTree()
>>> root_sm = setup.createSiteManager(root)
>>> folder1_sm = setup.createSiteManager(root['folder1'])

If we ask folder1 for its nearest site manager, we get

>>> from zope.component import getSiteManager
>>> getSiteManager(root['folder1']) is folder1_sm

but its next site manager is

>>> from import component
>>> component.getNextSiteManager(root['folder1']) is root_sm

The next site manager of the local root is the global site manager:

>>> from zope.component import getGlobalSiteManager
>>> gsm = getGlobalSiteManager()
>>> component.getNextSiteManager(root) is gsm

If a non-location is passed into the function, a component lookup error is raised, since there is no site manager beyond the global site manager:

>>> component.getNextSiteManager(object())
Traceback (most recent call last):
ComponentLookupError: No more site managers have been found.

If you use the queryNextSiteManager() function, you can specify a default return value:

>>> component.queryNextSiteManager(object(), 'default')
>>> zope.deprecation.__show__.on()

— BBB: End of block –

It is common for a utility to delegate its answer to a utility providing the same interface in one of the component registry’s bases. Let’s start by creating a utility and inserting it in our folder hiearchy:

>>> import zope.interface
>>> class IMyUtility(zope.interface.Interface):
...     pass
>>> class MyUtility(object):
...     zope.interface.implements(IMyUtility)
...     def __init__(self, id):
... = id
...     def __repr__(self):
...         return "%s('%s')" %(self.__class__.__name__,
>>> gutil = MyUtility('global')
>>> gsm.registerUtility(gutil, IMyUtility, 'myutil')
>>> util1 = setup.addUtility(folder1_sm, 'myutil', IMyUtility,
...                          MyUtility('one'))
>>> folder1_1_sm = setup.createSiteManager(root['folder1']['folder1_1'])
>>> util1_1 = setup.addUtility(folder1_1_sm, 'myutil', IMyUtility,
...                            MyUtility('one-one'))

Now, if we ask util1_1 for its next available utility and we get

>>> component.getNextUtility(util1_1, IMyUtility, 'myutil')

Next we ask util1 for its next utility and we should get the global version:

>>> component.getNextUtility(util1, IMyUtility, 'myutil')

However, if we ask the global utility for the next one, an error is raised

>>> component.getNextUtility(gutil, IMyUtility,
...                          'myutil') #doctest: +NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
Traceback (most recent call last):
No more utilities for <InterfaceClass __builtin__.IMyUtility>,
'myutil' have been found.

or you can simply use the queryNextUtility and specify a default:

>>> component.queryNextUtility(gutil, IMyUtility, 'myutil', 'default')

Let’s now ensure that the function also works with multiple registries. First we create another base registry:

>>> from zope.component import registry
>>> myregistry = registry.Components()
>>> custom_util = MyUtility('my_custom_util')
>>> myregistry.registerUtility(custom_util, IMyUtility, 'my_custom_util')

Now we add it as a base to the local site manager:

>>> folder1_sm.__bases__ = (myregistry,) + folder1_sm.__bases__

Both, the myregistry and global utilities should be available:

>>> component.queryNextUtility(folder1_sm, IMyUtility, 'my_custom_util')
>>> component.queryNextUtility(folder1_sm, IMyUtility, 'myutil')

Sites and Local Site Managers

This chapter is an introduction of the location-based component architecture. This code uses the registration framework introduced in registration.txt and local adapter registries described in adapterregistry.txt.

Creating and Accessing Sites

Sites are used to provide custom component setups for parts of your application or Web site. Every folder,

>>> from import folder
>>> myfolder = folder.rootFolder()

has the potential to become a site

>>> from import interfaces
>>> interfaces.IPossibleSite.providedBy(myfolder)

but is not yet one:

>>> interfaces.ISite.providedBy(myfolder)

If you would like your custom content component to be able to become a site, you can use the SiteManagerContainer mix-in class:

>>> from import site
>>> class MyContentComponent(site.SiteManagerContainer):
...     pass
>>> myContent = MyContentComponent()
>>> interfaces.IPossibleSite.providedBy(myContent)
>>> interfaces.ISite.providedBy(myContent)

To convert a possible site to a real site, we have to provide a site manager:

>>> sm = site.LocalSiteManager(myfolder)
>>> myfolder.setSiteManager(sm)
>>> interfaces.ISite.providedBy(myfolder)
>>> myfolder.getSiteManager() is sm

Note that an event is generated when a local site manager is created:

>>> from zope.component.eventtesting import getEvents
>>> from import INewLocalSite
>>> [event] = getEvents(INewLocalSite)
>>> event.manager is sm

If one tries to set a bogus site manager, a ValueError will be raised:

>>> myfolder2 = folder.Folder()
>>> myfolder2.setSiteManager(object)
Traceback (most recent call last):
ValueError: setSiteManager requires an IComponentLookup

Also, if the possible site has been changed to a site already, a TypeError is raised, when one attempts to add a new site manager:

>>> myfolder.setSiteManager(site.LocalSiteManager(myfolder))
Traceback (most recent call last):
TypeError: Already a site

There is also an adapter you can use to get the next site manager from any location:

>>> myfolder['mysubfolder'] = folder.Folder()
>>> import zope.component
>>> zope.component.interfaces.IComponentLookup(myfolder['mysubfolder']) is sm

If the location passed is a site, the site manager of that site is returned:

>>> zope.component.interfaces.IComponentLookup(myfolder) is sm

During traversal,

>>> from import publication
>>> request = object()
>>> ev = publication.interfaces.BeforeTraverseEvent(myfolder, request)
>>> site.threadSiteSubscriber(myfolder, ev)

the nearest site is also recorded in a thread-global variable:

>>> from import hooks
>>> hooks.getSite() is myfolder

After a request is completed, the site setting is cleared again:

>>> ev = publication.interfaces.EndRequestEvent(myfolder, request)
>>> site.clearThreadSiteSubscriber(ev)
>>> hooks.getSite() is None

Using the Site Manager

A site manager contains several site management folders, which are used to logically organize the software. When a site manager is initialized, a default site management folder is created:

>>> sm = myfolder.getSiteManager()
>>> default = sm['default']
>>> default.__class__
<class ''>

You can easily create a new site management folder:

>>> sm['mySMF'] = site.SiteManagementFolder()
>>> sm['mySMF'].__class__
<class ''>

Once you have your site management folder – let’s use the default one – we can register some components. Let’s start with a utility

>>> import zope.interface
>>> class IMyUtility(zope.interface.Interface):
...     pass
>>> import persistent
>>> from import Contained
>>> class MyUtility(persistent.Persistent, Contained):
...     zope.interface.implements(IMyUtility)
...     def __init__(self, title):
...         self.title = title
...     def __repr__(self):
...         return "%s('%s')" %(self.__class__.__name__, self.title)

Now we can create an instance of our utility and put it in the site management folder and register it:

>>> myutil = MyUtility('My custom utility')
>>> default['myutil'] = myutil
>>> sm.registerUtility(myutil, IMyUtility, 'u1')

Now we can ask the site manager for the utility:

>>> sm.queryUtility(IMyUtility, 'u1')
MyUtility('My custom utility')

Of course, the local site manager has also access to the global component registrations:

>>> gutil = MyUtility('Global Utility')
>>> from zope.component import getGlobalSiteManager
>>> gsm = getGlobalSiteManager()
>>> gsm.registerUtility(gutil, IMyUtility, 'gutil')
>>> sm.queryUtility(IMyUtility, 'gutil')
MyUtility('Global Utility')

Next let’s see whether we can also successfully register an adapter as well. Here the adapter will provide the size of a file:

>>> class IFile(zope.interface.Interface):
...     pass
>>> class ISized(zope.interface.Interface):
...     pass
>>> class File(object):
...     zope.interface.implements(IFile)
>>> class FileSize(object):
...     zope.interface.implements(ISized)
...     def __init__(self, context):
...         self.context = context

Now that we have the adapter we need to register it:

>>> sm.registerAdapter(FileSize, [IFile])

Finally, we can get the adapter for a file:

>>> file = File()
>>> size = sm.queryAdapter(file, ISized, name='')
>>> size.__class__
<class 'FileSize'>
>>> size.context is file

By the way, once you set a site

>>> hooks.setSite(myfolder)

you can simply use the zope.component’s getSiteManager() method to get the nearest site manager:

>>> from zope.component import getSiteManager
>>> getSiteManager() is sm

This also means that you can simply use zope.component to look up your utility

>>> from zope.component import getUtility
>>> getUtility(IMyUtility, 'gutil')
MyUtility('Global Utility')

or the adapter via the interface’s __call__ method:

>>> size = ISized(file)
>>> size.__class__
<class 'FileSize'>
>>> size.context is file

Multiple Sites

Until now we have only dealt with one local and the global site. But things really become interesting, once we have multiple sites. We can override other local configuration.

Let’s now create a new folder called folder11, add it to myfolder and make it a site:

>>> myfolder11 = folder.Folder()
>>> myfolder['myfolder11'] = myfolder11
>>> myfolder11.setSiteManager(site.LocalSiteManager(myfolder11))
>>> sm11 = myfolder11.getSiteManager()

If we ask the second site manager for its next, we get

>>> sm11.__bases__ == (sm, )

and the first site manager should have the folling sub manager:

>>> sm.subs == (sm11,)

If we now register a second utility with the same name and interface with the new site manager folder,

>>> default11 = sm11['default']
>>> myutil11 = MyUtility('Utility, uno & uno')
>>> default11['myutil'] = myutil11
>>> sm11.registerUtility(myutil11, IMyUtility, 'u1')

then it will will be available in the second site manager

>>> sm11.queryUtility(IMyUtility, 'u1')
MyUtility('Utility, uno & uno')

but not in the first one:

>>> sm.queryUtility(IMyUtility, 'u1')
MyUtility('My custom utility')

It is also interesting to look at the use cases of moving and copying a site. To do that we create a second root folder and make it a site, so that site hierarchy is as follows:

         _____ global site _____
        /                       \
    myfolder1                myfolder2

>>> myfolder2 = folder.rootFolder()
>>> myfolder2.setSiteManager(site.LocalSiteManager(myfolder2))

Before we can move or copy sites, we need to register two event subscribers that manage the wiring of site managers after moving or copying:

>>> from import container
>>> gsm.registerHandler(
...    site.changeSiteConfigurationAfterMove,
...    (interfaces.ISite, container.interfaces.IObjectMovedEvent),
...    )

We only have to register one event listener, since the copy action causes an IObjectAddedEvent to be created, which is just a special type of IObjectMovedEvent.

First, make sure that everything is setup correctly in the first place:

>>> myfolder11.getSiteManager().__bases__ == (myfolder.getSiteManager(), )
>>> myfolder.getSiteManager().subs[0] is myfolder11.getSiteManager()
>>> myfolder2.getSiteManager().subs

Let’s now move myfolder11 from myfolder to myfolder2:

>>> myfolder2['myfolder21'] = myfolder11
>>> del myfolder['myfolder11']

Now the next site manager for myfolder11’s site manager should have changed:

>>> myfolder21 = myfolder11
>>> myfolder21.getSiteManager().__bases__ == (myfolder2.getSiteManager(), )
>>> myfolder2.getSiteManager().subs[0] is myfolder21.getSiteManager()
>>> myfolder.getSiteManager().subs

Finally, we make a copy of myfolder21 and add it as myfolder11 to myfolder:

# Make sure that our interfaces and classes are picklable.

>>> import sys
>>> sys.modules[''].IMyUtility = IMyUtility
>>> IMyUtility.__module__ = ''
>>> sys.modules[''].MyUtility = MyUtility
>>> MyUtility.__module__ = ''
>>> from zope.location.pickling import locationCopy
>>> myfolder['myfolder11'] = locationCopy(myfolder2['myfolder21'])
>>> myfolder11 = myfolder['myfolder11']
>>> myfolder11.getSiteManager().__bases__ == (myfolder.getSiteManager(), )
>>> myfolder.getSiteManager().subs[0] is myfolder11.getSiteManager()
>>> myfolder2.getSiteManager().subs[0] is myfolder21.getSiteManager()


3.5.0 (2008-10-13)

  • Remove deprecated code slated for removal on 3.5.

3.4.1 (2007-10-31)

  • Resolve ZopeSecurityPolicy deprecation warning.

3.4.0 (2007-10-11)

  • Initial release independent of the main Zope tree.

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date (54.1 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page