User Home Folders for Zope 3 Applications

## Project description

The principal home folder subscriber lets you assign home folders to principals as you would do in any OS. This particular implementation of such a feature is intended as a demo of the power of the way to handle principals and not as the holy grail. If you have concerns about the assumptions made in this implementation (which are probably legitimate), just ignore this package altogether.

## Detailed Dcoumentation

### Principal Home Folder

The principal home folder subscriber lets you assign home folders to principals as you would do in any OS. This particular implementation of such a feature is intended as a demo of the power of the way to handle principals and not as the holy grail. If you have concerns about the assumptions made in this implementation (which are probably legitimate), just ignore this package altogether.

#### Managing the Home Folders

Let’s say we have a principal and we want to have a home folder for it. The first task is to create the home folder manager, which keeps track of the principal’s home folders:

>>> from zope.app.homefolder.homefolder import HomeFolderManager
>>> manager = HomeFolderManager()


Now the manager will not be able to do much, because it does not know where to look for the principal home folders. Therefore we have to specify a folder container:

>>> from zope.container.btree import BTreeContainer
>>> baseFolder = BTreeContainer()
>>> manager.homeFolderBase = baseFolder


Now we can assign a home folder to a principal:

>>> manager.assignHomeFolder('stephan')


Since we did not specify the name of the home folder, it is just the same as the principal id:

>>> manager.assignments['stephan']
'stephan'


Since the home folder did not exist and the createHomeFolder option was turned on, the directory was created for you:

>>> 'stephan' in baseFolder
True


When creating the home folder, the principal also automatically receives the zope.Manager role:

>>> from zope.securitypolicy.interfaces import IPrincipalRoleManager
>>> roles = IPrincipalRoleManager(baseFolder['stephan'])
>>> [(role, str(setting))
...  for role, setting in roles.getRolesForPrincipal('stephan')]
[(u'zope.Manager', 'PermissionSetting: Allow')]


If a folder already exists for the provided name, then the creation is simply skipped silently:

>>> from zope.app.folder import Folder
>>> baseFolder['sc3'] = Folder()
>>> manager.assignHomeFolder('sc3')
>>> manager.assignments['sc3']
'sc3'


This has the advantage that you can choose your own IContainer implementation instead of relying on the vanilla folder.

Now let’s look at some derivations of the same task.

1. Sometimes you want to specify an alternative folder name:

>>> manager.assignHomeFolder('jim', folderName='J1m')
>>> manager.assignments['jim']
'J1m'
>>> 'J1m' in baseFolder
True

1. Even though folders are created by default, you can specifically turn that behavior off for a particular assignment:

>>> manager.assignHomeFolder('dreamcatcher', create=False)
>>> manager.assignments['dreamcatcher']
'dreamcatcher'
>>> 'dreamcatcher' in baseFolder
False

1. You wish not to create a folder by default:

>>> manager.createHomeFolder = False
>>> manager.assignHomeFolder('philiKON')
>>> manager.assignments['philiKON']
'philiKON'
>>> 'philiKON' in baseFolder
False

1. You do not want to create a folder by default, you want to create the folder for a specific user:

>>> manager.assignHomeFolder('stevea', create=True)
>>> manager.assignments['stevea']
'stevea'
>>> 'stevea' in baseFolder
True


Let’s now look at removing home folder assignments. By default, removing an assignment will not delete the actual folder:

>>> manager.unassignHomeFolder('stevea')
>>> 'stevea' not in manager.assignments
True
>>> 'stevea' in baseFolder
True


But if you specify the delete argument, then the folder will be deleted:

>>> 'J1m' in baseFolder
True
>>> manager.unassignHomeFolder('jim', delete=True)
>>> 'jim' not in manager.assignments
True
>>> 'J1m' in baseFolder
False


Next, let’s have a look at retrieving the home folder for a principal. This can be done as follows:

>>> homeFolder = manager.getHomeFolder('stephan')
>>> homeFolder is baseFolder['stephan']
True


If you try to get a folder and it does not yet exist, None will be returned if autoCreateAssignment is False. Remember ‘dreamcatcher’, which has an assignment, but not a folder:

>>> 'dreamcatcher' in baseFolder
False
>>> homeFolder = manager.getHomeFolder('dreamcatcher')
>>> homeFolder is None
True


However, if autoCreateAssignment is True and you try to get a home folder of a principal which has no assignment, the assignment and the folder will be automatically created. The folder will always be created, regardless of the value of createHomeFolder. The name of the folder will be identically to the principalId:

>>> manager.autoCreateAssignment = True
>>> homeFolder = manager.getHomeFolder('florian')
>>> 'florian' in manager.assignments
True
>>> 'florian' in baseFolder
True


Sometimes you want to create a homefolder which is not a zope.app.Folder. You can change the object type that is being created by changing the containerObject property. It defaults to ‘zope.app.folder.Folder’. Let’s create a homefile.

>>> manager.containerObject = 'zope.app.file.File'
>>> manager.assignHomeFolder('fileuser', create=True)
>>> homeFolder = manager.getHomeFolder('fileuser')
>>> print homeFolder #doctest: +ELLIPSIS
<zope.app.file.file.File object at ...>


You see that now a File object has been created. We reset containerObject to zope,folder.Folder to not confuse the follow tests.

>>> manager.containerObject = 'zope.folder.Folder'


#### Accessing the Home Folder

But how does the home folder get assigned to a principal? There are two ways of accessing the homefolder. The first is via a simple adapter that provides a homeFolder attribute. The second method provides the folder via a path adapter called homefolder.

Let’s start by creating a principal:

>>> from zope.security.interfaces import IPrincipal
>>> from zope.interface import implements
>>> class Principal:
...     implements(IPrincipal)
...     def __init__(self, id):
...         self.id = id
>>> principal = Principal('stephan')


We also need to register our manager as a utility:

>>> from zope.app.testing import ztapi
>>> from zope.app.homefolder.interfaces import IHomeFolderManager
>>> ztapi.provideUtility(IHomeFolderManager, manager, 'manager')

1. Now we can access the home folder via the adapter:

>>> from zope.app.homefolder.interfaces import IHomeFolder
True

1. Or alternatively via the path adapter:

>>> import zope.component
...                           "homefolder") is baseFolder['stephan']
True


As you can see, the path adapter just returns the homefolder. This way we can guarantee that the folder’s full API is always available. Of course the real way it will be used is via a TALES expression:

Setup of the Engine

>>> from zope.app.pagetemplate.engine import Engine
>>> from zope.tales.tales import Context
>>> context = Context(Engine, {'principal': principal})


Executing the TALES expression

>>> bytecode = Engine.compile('principal/homefolder:keys')
>>> list(bytecode(context))
[]
>>> baseFolder['stephan'][u'documents'] = Folder()
>>> list(bytecode(context))
[u'documents']


### CHANGES

#### 3.5.0 (2009-02-01)

• Use zope.container instead of zope.app.container.

• Remove dependency on zope.app.zapi.

#### 3.4.0 (2007-11-03)

• Initial release independent of the main Zope tree.

## Project details

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