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PyTorch implementation of convolutional networks-based text-to-speech synthesis models.

Project description

Deepvoice3\_pytorch
===================

|Build Status|

PyTorch implementation of convolutional networks-based text-to-speech
synthesis models:

1. `arXiv:1710.07654 <https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.07654>`__: Deep Voice
3: 2000-Speaker Neural Text-to-Speech.
2. `arXiv:1710.08969 <https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.08969>`__: Efficiently
Trainable Text-to-Speech System Based on Deep Convolutional Networks
with Guided Attention.

Audio sampels are available at
https://r9y9.github.io/deepvoice3\_pytorch/.

Highlights
----------

- Convolutional sequence-to-sequence model with attention for
text-to-speech synthesis
- Multi-speaker and single speaker versions of DeepVoice3
- Audio samples and pre-trained models
- Preprocessor for `LJSpeech
(en) <https://keithito.com/LJ-Speech-Dataset/>`__, `JSUT
(jp) <https://sites.google.com/site/shinnosuketakamichi/publication/jsut>`__
and
`VCTK <http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jyamagis/page3/page58/page58.html>`__
datasets
- Language-dependent frontend text processor for English and Japanese

Pretrained models
-----------------

+-----+----------+---------+----------------------------------+----------------+-------+
| URL | Model | Data | Hyper paramters | Git commit | Steps |
+=====+==========+=========+==================================+================+=======+
| `li | DeepVoic | LJSpeec | ``builder=deepvoice3,preset=deep | `4357976 <http | 21k ~ |
| nk | e3 | h | voice3_ljspeech`` | s://github.com | |
| <ht | | | | /r9y9/deepvoic | |
| tps | | | | e3_pytorch/tre | |
| :// | | | | e/43579764f35d | |
| www | | | | e6b8bac2b18b52 | |
| .dr | | | | a06e4e11b705b2 | |
| opb | | | | >`__ | |
| ox. | | | | | |
| com | | | | | |
| /s/ | | | | | |
| cs6 | | | | | |
| d07 | | | | | |
| 0om | | | | | |
| my2 | | | | | |
| lmh | | | | | |
| /20 | | | | | |
| 171 | | | | | |
| 213 | | | | | |
| _de | | | | | |
| epv | | | | | |
| oic | | | | | |
| e3_ | | | | | |
| che | | | | | |
| ckp | | | | | |
| oin | | | | | |
| t_s | | | | | |
| tep | | | | | |
| 000 | | | | | |
| 210 | | | | | |
| 000 | | | | | |
| .pt | | | | | |
| h?d | | | | | |
| l=0 | | | | | |
| >`_ | | | | | |
| _ | | | | | |
+-----+----------+---------+----------------------------------+----------------+-------+
| `li | Nyanko | LJSpeec | ``builder=nyanko,preset=nyanko_l | `ba59dc7 <http | 58.5k |
| nk | | h | jspeech`` | s://github.com | |
| <ht | | | | /r9y9/deepvoic | |
| tps | | | | e3_pytorch/tre | |
| :// | | | | e/ba59dc75374c | |
| www | | | | a3189281f60282 | |
| .dr | | | | 01c15066830116 | |
| opb | | | | >`__ | |
| ox. | | | | | |
| com | | | | | |
| /s/ | | | | | |
| 1y8 | | | | | |
| bt6 | | | | | |
| bng | | | | | |
| gbz | | | | | |
| zlp | | | | | |
| /20 | | | | | |
| 171 | | | | | |
| 129 | | | | | |
| _ny | | | | | |
| ank | | | | | |
| o_c | | | | | |
| hec | | | | | |
| kpo | | | | | |
| int | | | | | |
| _st | | | | | |
| ep0 | | | | | |
| 005 | | | | | |
| 850 | | | | | |
| 00. | | | | | |
| pth | | | | | |
| ?dl | | | | | |
| =0> | | | | | |
| `__ | | | | | |
+-----+----------+---------+----------------------------------+----------------+-------+
| `li | Multi-sp | VCTK | ``builder=deepvoice3_vctk,preset | `0421749 <http | 30k + |
| nk | eaker | | =deepvoice3_vctk`` | s://github.com | 30k |
| <ht | DeepVoic | | | /r9y9/deepvoic | |
| tps | e3 | | | e3_pytorch/tre | |
| :// | | | | e/0421749af908 | |
| www | | | | 905d181f089f06 | |
| .dr | | | | 956fddd0982d47 | |
| opb | | | | >`__ | |
| ox. | | | | | |
| com | | | | | |
| /s/ | | | | | |
| uzm | | | | | |
| tzg | | | | | |
| ced | | | | | |
| yu5 | | | | | |
| 31k | | | | | |
| /20 | | | | | |
| 171 | | | | | |
| 222 | | | | | |
| _de | | | | | |
| epv | | | | | |
| oic | | | | | |
| e3_ | | | | | |
| vct | | | | | |
| k10 | | | | | |
| 8_c | | | | | |
| hec | | | | | |
| kpo | | | | | |
| int | | | | | |
| _st | | | | | |
| ep0 | | | | | |
| 003 | | | | | |
| 000 | | | | | |
| 00. | | | | | |
| pth | | | | | |
| ?dl | | | | | |
| =0> | | | | | |
| `__ | | | | | |
+-----+----------+---------+----------------------------------+----------------+-------+

See "Synthesize from a checkpoint" section in the README for how to
generate speech samples. Please make sure that you are on the specific
git commit noted above.

Notes on hyper parameters
-------------------------

- Default hyper parameters, used during
preprocessing/training/synthesis stages, are turned for English TTS
using LJSpeech dataset. You will have to change some of parameters if
you want to try other datasets. See ``hparams.py`` for details.
- ``builder`` specifies which model you want to use. ``deepvoice3``,
``deepvoice3_multispeaker`` [1] and ``nyanko`` [2] are surpprted.
- ``presets`` represents hyper parameters known to work well for
particular dataset/model from my experiments. Before you try to find
your best parameters, I would recommend you to try those presets by
setting ``preset=${name}``. e.g., for LJSpeech, you can try either

::

python train.py --data-root=./data/ljspeech --checkpoint-dir=checkpoints_deepvoice3 \
--hparams="builder=deepvoice3,preset=deepvoice3_ljspeech" \
--log-event-path=log/deepvoice3_preset

or

::

python train.py --data-root=./data/ljspeech --checkpoint-dir=checkpoints_nyanko \
--hparams="builder=nyanko,preset=nyanko_ljspeech" \
--log-event-path=log/nyanko_preset

- Hyper parameters described in DeepVoice3 paper for single speaker
didn't work for LJSpeech dataset, so I changed a few things. Add
dilated convolution, more channels, more layers and add guided
attention loss, etc. See code for details. The changes are also
applied for multi-speaker model.
- Multiple attention layers are hard to learn. Empirically, one or two
(first and last) attention layers seems enough.
- With guided attention (see https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.08969),
alignments get monotonic more quickly and reliably if we use multiple
attention layers. With guided attention, I can confirm five attention
layers get monotonic, though I cannot get speech quality
improvements.
- Binary divergence (described in https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.08969)
seems stabilizes training particularly for deep (> 10 layers)
networks.
- Adam with step lr decay works. However, for deeper networks, I find
Adam + noam's lr scheduler is more stable.

Requirements
------------

- Python 3
- PyTorch >= v0.3
- TensorFlow >= v1.3
- `tensorboard-pytorch <https://github.com/lanpa/tensorboard-pytorch>`__
(master)
- `nnmnkwii <https://github.com/r9y9/nnmnkwii>`__ >= v0.0.11
- `MeCab <http://taku910.github.io/mecab/>`__ (Japanese only)

Installation
------------

Please install packages listed above first, and then

::

git clone https://github.com/r9y9/deepvoice3_pytorch
pip install -e ".[train]"

If you want Japanese text processing frontend, install additional
dependencies by:

::

pip install -e ".[jp]"

Getting started
---------------

0. Download dataset
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

- LJSpeech (en): https://keithito.com/LJ-Speech-Dataset/
- VCTK (en):
http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/jyamagis/page3/page58/page58.html
- JSUT (jp):
https://sites.google.com/site/shinnosuketakamichi/publication/jsut

1. Preprocessing
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Preprocessing can be done by ``preprocess.py``. Usage is:

::

python preprocess.py ${dataset_name} ${dataset_path} ${out_dir}

Supported ``${dataset_name}``\ s for now are

- ``ljspeech`` (en, single speaker)
- ``vctk`` (en, multi-speaker)
- ``jsut`` (jp, single speaker)

Suppose you will want to preprocess LJSpeech dataset and have it in
``~/data/LJSpeech-1.0``, then you can preprocess data by:

::

python preprocess.py ljspeech ~/data/LJSpeech-1.0/ ./data/ljspeech

When this is done, you will see extracted features (mel-spectrograms and
linear spectrograms) in ``./data/ljspeech``.

2. Training
~~~~~~~~~~~

Basic usage of ``train.py`` is:

::

python train.py --data-root=${data-root} --hparams="parameters you want to override"

Suppose you will want to build a DeepVoice3-style model using LJSpeech
dataset with default hyper parameters, then you can train your model by:

::

python train.py --data-root=./data/ljspeech/ --hparams="builder=deepvoice3,preset=deepvoice3_ljspeech"

Model checkpoints (.pth) and alignments (.png) are saved in
``./checkpoints`` directory per 5000 steps by default.

If you are building a Japaneses TTS model, then for example,

::

python train.py --data-root=./data/jsut --hparams="frontend=jp" --hparams="builder=deepvoice3,preset=deepvoice3_ljspeech"

``frontend=jp`` tell the training script to use Japanese text processing
frontend. Default is ``en`` and uses English text processing frontend.

Note that there are many hyper parameters and design choices. Some are
configurable by ``hparams.py`` and some are hardcoded in the source
(e.g., dilation factor for each convolution layer). If you find better
hyper parameters, please let me know!

4. Moniter with Tensorboard
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Logs are dumped in ``./log`` directory by default. You can monitor logs
by tensorboard:

::

tensorboard --logdir=log

5. Synthesize from a checkpoint
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Given a list of text, ``synthesis.py`` synthesize audio signals from
trained model. Usage is:

::

python synthesis.py ${checkpoint_path} ${text_list.txt} ${output_dir}

Example test\_list.txt:

::

Generative adversarial network or variational auto-encoder.
Once upon a time there was a dear little girl who was loved by every one who looked at her, but most of all by her grandmother, and there was nothing that she would not have given to the child.
A text-to-speech synthesis system typically consists of multiple stages, such as a text analysis frontend, an acoustic model and an audio synthesis module.

Advanced usage
--------------

Multi-speaker model
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Currently VCTK is the only supported dataset for building a
multi-speaker model. Since some audio samples in VCTK have long silences
that affect performance, it's recommended to do phoneme alignment and
remove silences according to `vctk\_preprocess <vctk_preprocess/>`__.

Once you have phoneme alignment for each utterance, you can extract
features by:

::

python preprocess.py vctk ${your_vctk_root_path} ./data/vctk

Now that you have data prepared, then you can train a multi-speaker
version of DeepVoice3 by:

::

python train.py --data-root=./data/vctk --checkpoint-dir=checkpoints_vctk \
--hparams="preset=deepvoice3_vctk,builder=deepvoice3_multispeaker" \
--log-event-path=log/deepvoice3_multispeaker_vctk_preset

If you want to reuse learned embedding from other dataset, then you can
do this instead by:

::

python train.py --data-root=./data/vctk --checkpoint-dir=checkpoints_vctk \
--hparams="preset=deepvoice3_vctk,builder=deepvoice3_multispeaker" \
--log-event-path=log/deepvoice3_multispeaker_vctk_preset \
--load-embedding=20171213_deepvoice3_checkpoint_step000210000.pth

This may improve training speed a bit.

Speaker adaptation
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

If you have very limited data, then you can consider to try fine-turn
pre-trained model. For example, using pre-trained model on LJSpeech, you
can adapt it to data from VCTK speaker ``p225`` (30 mins) by the
following command:

::

python train.py --data-root=./data/vctk --checkpoint-dir=checkpoints_vctk_adaptation \
--hparams="builder=deepvoice3,preset=deepvoice3_ljspeech" \
--log-event-path=log/deepvoice3_vctk_adaptation \
--restore-parts="20171213_deepvoice3_checkpoint_step000210000.pth"
--speaker-id=0

From my experience, it can get reasonable speech quality very quickly
rather than training the model from scratch.

There are two important options used above:

- ``--restore-parts=<N>``: It specifies where to load model parameters.
The differences from the option ``--checkpoint=<N>`` are 1)
``--restore-parts=<N>`` ignores all invalid parameters, while
``--checkpoint=<N>`` doesn't. 2) ``--restore-parts=<N>`` tell trainer
to start from 0-step, while ``--checkpoint=<N>`` tell trainer to
continue from last step. ``--checkpoint=<N>`` should be ok if you are
using exactly same model and continue to train, but it would be
useful if you want to customize your model architecture and take
advantages of pre-trained model.
- ``--speaker-id=<N>``: It specifies what speaker of data is used for
training. This should only be specified if you are using
multi-speaker dataset. As for VCTK, speaker id is automatically
assigned incrementally (0, 1, ..., 107) according to the
``speaker_info.txt`` in the dataset.

Acknowledgements
----------------

Part of code was adapted from the following projects:

- https://github.com/keithito/tacotron
- https://github.com/facebookresearch/fairseq-py

.. |Build Status| image:: https://travis-ci.org/r9y9/deepvoice3_pytorch.svg?branch=master
:target: https://travis-ci.org/r9y9/deepvoice3_pytorch

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