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Python-Markdown extension to sanitize the output of untrusted Markdown documents.

Project description

# mdx_bleach

**mdx_bleach** is a [Python-Markdown](https://pythonhosted.org/Markdown/)
extension that sanitizes the output of untrusted Markdown documents based on a
whitelist. The extension is based on [Bleach](http://bleach.readthedocs.org/en/latest/),
a robust whitelist-based HTML sanitizer.

By design, all HTML markup is allowed in Markdown documents. Unless written
inside a code block, raw HTML is not escaped and is therefore rendered by the
web browsers. While this is a nice authoring feature, it also exposes some XSS
vulnerabilities. That becomes a problem when the source of a Markdown document
is untrusted.

**mdx_bleach** intends to provide a safer and more flexible alternative to Python-Markdown's
[deprecated safe mode](https://pythonhosted.org/Markdown/reference.html#safe_mode).

## Installation

pip install mdx_bleach


## Basic Usage

```python
>>> import markdown
>>> from mdx_bleach.extension import BleachExtension
>>> bleach = BleachExtension()
>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=[bleach])
>>> md.convert('<span>is not allowed</span>')
u'<p>&lt;span&gt;is not allowed&lt;/span&gt;</p>'
```

Because the ``<span>`` tag isn't allowed by default, **mdx_bleach** escapes it.
The default whitelists can be found in ``mdx_bleach.whitelist``.


## Configuration

To configure **mdx_bleach**, pass the following keyword arguments to ``BleachExtension``:

* ``tags`` Tag Whitelist
* ``attributes`` Attribute Whitelist
* ``styles`` Styles Whitelist
* ``protocols`` Protocols Whitelist
* ``strip`` Stripping Markup
* ``strip_comments`` Stripping Comments

The following example reflects the default configuration:

```python
from mdx_bleach.whitelist import ALLOWED_TAGS, ALLOWED_ATTRIBUTES, ALLOWED_STYLES, ALLOWED_PROTOCOLS
bleach = BleachExtension(tags=ALLOWED_TAGS, attributes=ALLOWED_ATTRIBUTES,
styles=ALLOWED_STYLES, protocols=ALLOWED_PROTOCOLS, strip=False, strip_comments=True)
md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=[bleach])
```


### Tag Whitelist

The ``tags`` kwarg is a whitelist of allowed HTML tags. It should be a list,
tuple, or other iterable. Any other HTML tags will be escaped or stripped from
the text. This applies to the HTML output that Markdown produces.

Since Markdown commonly generates HTML elements like ``p``, ``a``, ``img``, etc.
it is recommended to allow no less than the default tag whitelist found in
``mdx_bleach.whitelist.ALLOWED_TAGS``.

For example:

```python
>>> from mdx_bleach.whitelist import ALLOWED_TAGS
>>> bleach = BleachExtension(tags=ALLOWED_TAGS + ['small'])
>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=[bleach])
>>> md.convert('<small>is allowed</small>')
u'<p><small>is allowed</small></p>'
```

This will allow authored ``small`` tags and any tag from the default whitelist.
Note that if a third party extension that can generate more specific tags is
installed, you might want to whitelist those additional tags as well.


### Attribute Whitelist

The ``attributes`` kwarg is a whitelist of attributes. It can be a list, in
which case the attributes are allowed for any tag, or a dictionary, in which
case the keys are tag names (or a wildcard: ``*`` for all tags) and the values
are lists of allowed attributes.

The default value is a conservative dictionary found in ``mdx_bleach.whitelist.ALLOWED_ATTRIBUTES``.
If you override the ``attributes`` kwarg and still want to support images and
links, make sure to allow the ``href`` and ``title`` attributes in ``<a>`` tags,
as well as the ``src``, ``title`` and ``alt`` attributes in ``<img>`` tags.

For example:

```python
attrs = {
'*': ['class'],
'a': ['href', 'title', 'rel'],
'img': ['src', 'title', 'alt'],
}
bleach = BleachExtension(attributes=attrs)
```

In this case, the ``class`` attribute is allowed on any allowed element (from
the ``tags`` argument), ``<a>`` tags are allowed to have ``href``, ``title`` and
``rel`` attributes, and so on.

You can also use a callable (instead of a list). If the callable returns True,
the attribute is allowed. Otherwise, it is stripped.

For example:

```python
def filter_src(name, value):
if name in ('alt', 'title', 'height', 'width'):
return True
if name == 'src':
p = urlparse(value)
return (not p.netloc) or p.netloc == 'mydomain.com'
return False
```


### Styles Whitelist

If you allow the ``style`` attribute, you will also need to whitelist styles
authors are allowed to set, for example ``color`` and ``background-color``. The
default value is an empty list.

For example, to allow authors to set the color and font-weight of ``span`` elements:

```python
tags = ALLOWED_TAGS + ['span']
attrs = ALLOWED_ATTRIBUTES.copy()
attrs['span'] = ['style']
styles = ['color', 'font-weight']
bleach = BleachExtension(tags=tags, attributes=attrs, styles=styles)
```

### Protocol Whitelist

If you allow tags that have attributes containing a URI value
(like the href attribute of an anchor tag,) you may want to adapt
the accepted protocols. The default list only allows http, https and mailto.

For example, this sets allowed protocols to http, https and smb:

```python
protocols = ['http', 'https', 'smb']
bleach = BleachExtension(protocols=protocols)
```

This adds smb to the bleach-specified set of allowed protocols:

```python
bleach = BleachExtension(protocols=ALLOWED_PROTOCOLS + ['smb'])
```

### Stripping Markup

By default, Bleach *escapes* disallowed or invalid markup. For example:

```python
>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=[BleachExtension()])
>>> md.convert('<span>is not allowed</span>')
u'<p>&lt;span&gt;is not allowed&lt;/span&gt;'
```

If you would rather Bleach stripped this markup entirely, you can pass
``strip=True``:

```python
>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=[BleachExtension(strip=True)])
>>> md.convert('<span>is not allowed</span>')
u'<p>is not allowed</p>'
```


### Stripping Comments

By default, Bleach will strip out HTML comments. To disable this behavior, set
``strip_comments=False``:

```python
>>> html = 'my<!-- commented --> html'

>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=[BleachExtension()])
>>> md.convert(html)
u'<p>my html</p>'

>>> md = markdown.Markdown(extensions=[BleachExtension(strip_comments=False)])
>>> md.convert(html)
u'<p>my<!-- commented --> html</p>'
```


## Links

* [Source](https://github.com/Wenzil/mdx_bleach)
* [Bleach](http://bleach.readthedocs.org/en/latest/)
* [Markdown](http://daringfireball.net/projects/markdown/)
* [Python-Markdown](https://pythonhosted.org/Markdown/)

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