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Support list operations over lines of file-like objects

Project description

Support list operations over lines of file-like objects.

All operations avoid iterating except when necessary. Operations that force iteration over the whole file include len() and using negative indexes. In order to avoid excess seeking, all list operations may change the position of the underlying file object.

Start with a file-like object.

>>> import cStringIO
>>> file_ = cStringIO.StringIO("""\
... foo
... bar
... baz
... qux
... """)

Wrap the file-like object in a listfile instance.

>>> from rpatterson import listfile
>>> wrapped = listfile.ListFile(file_)

Lines can be accessed by index.

>>> wrapped[0]
'foo\n'
>>> wrapped[2]
'baz\n'

Negative indexes are supported as well.

>>> wrapped[-1]
'qux\n'
>>> wrapped[-3]
'bar\n'

The length returns the number of lines.

>>> len(wrapped)
4

An index beyond the end of the file raises IndexError.

>>> wrapped[4]
Traceback (most recent call last):
IndexError: list index out of range

Retrieving a slice returns a new wrapper around the same file object.

>>> slice_ = wrapped[1:3]
>>> len(slice_)
2
>>> slice_[0]
'bar\n'
>>> slice_[1]
'baz\n'
>>> slice_ = wrapped[1:][0:2]
>>> len(slice_)
2
>>> slice_[0]
'bar\n'
>>> slice_[1]
'baz\n'

Slice stepping is also supported.

>>> slice_ = wrapped[1::2]
>>> len(slice_)
2
>>> slice_[0]
'bar\n'
>>> slice_[1]
'qux\n'

The wrappers are also iterators suitable for writelines().

>>> list(slice_)
['bar\n', 'qux\n']
>>> out = cStringIO.StringIO()
>>> out.writelines(slice_)
>>> out.getvalue()
'bar\nqux\n'

Changelog

0.1 - 2009-05-27

  • Initial release

Project details


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This version

0.1

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