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Framework for writing distributed, fault tolerant and scalable internet applications

Project Description
Overview
========

Spinoff is a framework for writing distributed, fault tolerant and scalable applications in Python. <a href="http://travis-ci.org/eallik/spinoff" title="Spinoff on Travis-CI.org"><img src="https://secure.travis-ci.org/eallik/spinoff.png?branch=master" alt="&lt;build status indicator on travis-ci.org/eallik/spinoff&gt;"/></a>

Spinoff is based on the [Actor Model](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actor_model) and borrows from [Akka](http://akka.io) (location transparency, actor references, etc) and [Erlang](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erlang_(programming_language)) (processes, `nodename@hosthost` style node references (not implemented yet)).

Spinoff has been built using [Gevent](http://gevent.org/) and [ZeroMQ](http://www.zeromq.org/) for remoting.

Spinoff is currently under continuous development but is nevertheless usable for writing real applications—it can also be fault tolerant towards some of the bugs in its own code.


Hype
====

> _"anyway, spinoff is really super nice to play with all this stuff
> because it's cheap to write code in it
> it really shines at making quick prototypes"_

...so let's hope one day there will be a testimonial here saying "it really shines at making production software".

Example
=======

The following is only a very small "peek preview" style example of what the framework can do. More examples and full documentation will follow soon.

See [spinoff/examples/example1.py](spinoff/examples/example1.py)

The example can be run using the following command:

```bash
$ spin spinoff.examples.example1.ExampleProcess
```

or

```bash
$ spin spinoff.examples.example1.ExampleProcess
```

Distributed Example (with Remoting)
===================================

See [spinoff/examples/example2.py](spinoff/examples/example2.py)

The example can be run using the following commands:

```bash
$ spin -pid node1.pid -nid localhost:9700 spinoff.examples.example2.ExampleActor -name other
$ spin -pid node2.pid -nid localhost:9701 spinoff.examples.example2.ExampleProcess -using "other_actor='localhost:9700/other'"
```

Same Distributed Code without Remoting
======================================

The following example demonstrates how it's possible to run the same code, unmodified, in a single thread with no network/remoting involved whatsoever. It's an illustration of how actors (components) written using Spinoff are xagnostic of how they are wired to work with other actors and can thus be viewed as abstract components containing only pure domain logic and no low level transportation and topology details.

See [spinoff/examples/example2_local.py](spinoff/examples/example2_local.py)

The example can be run using the following commands:

```bash $ spin spinoff.examples.example2_local.LocalApp ``` One might be tempted to ask, then, what is the difference
between remoting frameworks such as CORBA and Spinoff. The difference is that actors define clear boundaries where
remoting could ever be used, as opposed to splitting a flow of tightly coupled logic into two nodes on the network,
which, still providing valid output, can degrade in performance significantly. This is not to say that actors with
location transparency suffer none of such issues but the extent to which the problem exists is, arguably, an order of
magnitude lower.

Example HTTP server
===================

See [spinoff/examples/005_http.py](spinoff/examples/005_http.py)

The example can be run using the following commands:

```bash
$ spin spinoff.examples.0005_http.Main
```
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