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Creates light curves embeddings using ASTROMER

Project description

ASTROMER Python library 🔭

ASTROMER is a transformer based model pretrained on millions of light curves. ASTROMER can be finetuned on specific datasets to create useful representations that can improve the performance of novel deep learning models.

❗ This version of ASTROMER can only works on single band light curves.

🔥 See the official repo here


pip install ASTROMER

How to use it

Currently, there are 2 pre-trained models: macho and atlas. To load weights use:

from ASTROMER.models import SingleBandEncoder

model = SingleBandEncoder()

It will automatically download the weights from this public github repository and load them into the SingleBandEncoder instance.

Assuming you have a list of vary-lenght (numpy) light curves.

import numpy as np

samples_collection = [ np.array([[5200, 0.3, 0.2],
                                 [5300, 0.5, 0.1],
                                 [5400, 0.2, 0.3]]),

                       np.array([[4200, 0.3, 0.1],
                                 [4300, 0.6, 0.3]]) ]

Light curves are Lx3 matrices with time, magnitude, and magnitude std. To encode samples use:

attention_vectors = model.encode(samples_collection,
                                 oids_list=['1', '2'],


  • samples_collection is a list of numpy array light curves
  • oids_list is a list with the light curves ids (needed to concatenate 200-len windows)
  • batch_size specify the number of samples per forward pass
  • when concatenate=True ASTROMER concatenates every 200-lenght windows belonging the same object id. The output when concatenate=True is a list of vary-length attention vectors.

Finetuning or training from scratch

ASTROMER can be easly trained by using the fit. It include

from ASTROMER import SingleBandEncoder

model = SingleBandEncoder(num_layers= 2,
                          d_model   = 256,
                          num_heads = 4,
                          dff       = 128,
                          base      = 1000,
                          dropout   = 0.1,
                          maxlen    = 200)


  • num_layers: Number of self-attention blocks
  • d_model: Self-attention block dimension (must be divisible by num_heads)
  • num_heads: Number of heads within the self-attention block
  • dff: Number of neurons for the fully-connected layer applied after the attention blocks
  • base: Positional encoder base (see formula)
  • dropout: Dropout applied to output of the fully-connected layer
  • maxlen: Maximum length to process in the encoder Notice you can ignore model.from_pretrained('macho') for clean training.,


  • train_data: Training data already formatted as
  • validation_data: Validation data already formatted as
  • epochs: Number of epochs for training
  • patience: Early stopping patience
  • lr: Learning rate
  • project_path: Path for saving weights and training logs
  • verbose: (0) Display information during training (1) don't

train_data and validation_data should be loaded using load_numpy or pretraining_records functions. Both functions are in the ASTROMER.preprocessing module.

For large datasets is recommended to use Tensorflow Records (see this tutorial to execute our data pipeline)


Contributing to ASTROMER 🤝

If you train your model from scratch, you can share your pre-trained weights by submitting a Pull Request on the weights repository

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