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Generate and manage CodeMeta software metadata

Project description

Project Status: Active -- The project has reached a stable, usable state and is being actively developed. Latest release in the Python Package Index

Codemetapy

Codemetapy is a command-line tool to work with the codemeta software metadata standard. Codemeta builds upon schema.org and defines a vocabulary for describing software source code. It maps various existing metadata standards to a unified vocabulary.

For more general information about the CodeMeta Project for defining software metadata, see https://codemeta.github.io. In particular, new users might want to start with the User Guide, while those looking to learn more about JSON-LD and consuming existing codemeta files should see the Developer Guide.

Using codemetapy you can generate a codemeta.json file, which serialises using JSON-LD , for your software. At the moment it supports conversions from the following existing metadata specifications:

  • Python distutils/pip packages (setup.py/pyproject.toml)
  • Java/Maven packages (pom.xml)
  • NodeJS packages (package.json)
  • Debian package (apt show output)
  • Github API (when passed a github URL)
  • Web sites/services (see the section on software types and service below):
    • Simple metadata from HTML <meta> elements.
    • Script blocks using application/json+ld

It can also read and manipulate existing codemeta.json files as well as parse simple AUTHORS/CONTRIBUTORS files. One of the most notable features of codemetapy is that it allows chaining to successively update a metadata description based on multiple sources. Codemetapy is used in that way by the codemeta-harvester, if you are looking for an all-in-one solution to automatically generate a codemeta.json for your project, then that is the best place to start.

Installation

pip install codemetapy

Usage

Query and convert any installed python package:

$ codemetapy somepackage

Output will be to standard output by default, to write it to an output file instead, do either:

$ codemetapy somepackage > codemeta.json

or use the -O parameter:

$ codemetapy -O codemeta.json somepackage

If you are in the current working directory of any python project and there is a setup.py, then you can simply call codemetapy without arguments to output codemeta for the project. Codemetapy will automatically run python setup.py egg_info and parse it's output to facilitate this:

$ codemetapy

The tool also supports adding properties through parameters:

$ codemetapy --developmentStatus active somepackage > codemeta.json

To read an existing codemeta.json and extend it:

$ codemetapy codemeta.json somepackage > codemeta.json

This tool can also deal with debian packages by parsing the output of apt show (albeit limited):

$ apt show somepackage | codemetapy -i apt -

Here - represents standard input, which enables you to use piping solutions on a unix shell, -i denotes the input types, you can chain as many as you want. The number of input types specifies must correspond exactly to the number of input sources (the positional arguments).

Some notes on Vocabulary

For codemeta:developmentStatus, codemetapy attempts to assign full repostatus URIs whenever possible For schema:license, full SPDX URIs are used where possible.

Software Types and services

Codemetapy (since 2.0) implements an extension to codemeta that allows linking the software source code to the actual instantiation of the software, with explicit regard for the interface type. This is done via the schema:targetProduct property, which takes as range a schema:SoftwareApplication, schema:WebAPI, schema:WebSite or any of the extra types defined in https://github.com/SoftwareUnderstanding/software_types/ . This was proposed in this issue

This extension is enabled by default and can be disabled by setting the --strict flag.

When you pass codemetapy a URL it will assume this is where the software is run as a service, and attempt to extract metadata from the site and encode is via targetProduct. For example, here we read an existing codemeta.json and extend it with some place where it is instantiated as a service:

$ codemetapy codemeta.json https://example.org/

If served HTML, codemetapy will use your <script> block using application/json+ld if it provides a valid software types (as mentioned above). For other HTML, codemetapy will simply extract some metadata from HTML <meta> elements. Content negotation will be used and the we favour json+ld, json and even yaml and XML over HTML.

(Note: the older Entypoint Extension from before codemetapy 2.0 is now deprecated)

Graph

You can use codemetapy to generate one big knowledge graph expressing multiple codemeta resources using the --graph parameter:

$ codemetapy --graph resource1.json resource2.json

This will produce JSON-LD output with multiple resources in the graph.

Github API

Codemetapy can make use of the Github API to query metdata from GitHub, but this allows only limited anonymous requests before you hit a limit. To allow more requests, please set the environment variable $GITHUB_TOKEN to a personal access token.

Integration in setup.py

You can integrate codemeta.json generation in your project's setup.py, this will add an extra python setup.py codemeta command that will generate a new metadata file or update an already existing metadata file. Note that this must be run after python setup.py install (or python setup.py develop).

To integrate this, add the following to your project's setup.py:

try:
    from codemeta.codemeta import CodeMetaCommand
    cmdclass={
        'codemeta': CodeMetaCommand,
    }
except ImportError:
    cmdclass={}

And in your setup() call add the parameter:

cmdclass=cmdclass

This will ensure your setup.py works in all cases, even if codemetapy is not installed, and that the command will be available if codemetapy is available.

If you want to ship your package with the generated codemeta.json, then simply add a line saying codemeta.json to the file MANIFEST.in in the root of your project.

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