Skip to main content

Create Python DOM style datastructures with ease.

Project description


DOMObjects is designed to create flexible data structures that allows users to easily traverse to siblings or parents. The datastructure modeled should be some what familiar compared to the Javascript DOM object structure.


  • Scoped namespaces

  • Traversable data tree

  • Easier data management

Scoped Namespacing

Individual namespaces are created to allow for compartmentalized and scoped configuration and storage allowing for top-down tree transveral and blocking scope escaping from child objects. Namespace objects also do not require valid naming conventions, and can contain invalid characters. These objects are referenced via the get_context method.

Traversable Data Tree

Traversing the object tree is simple and similar to the Javascript DOM object tree. This is by design, by referencing siblings, parent, or children properties, you can get and manage all aspects of an object.

Easier Data Management

Assignment of callback methods can be done so programatically. The defined “value” of the property is not limited to static value, but supports dynamic evaluation. Therefore, with the usage of the add_property method static objects (e.g. str, int, bool, etc.), callable objects, callable object output, and evaluateable callable objects can be attached to the object tree.

def callableDef(var):
     # Do something with var
     return var

# Assignement of a callback method
ROOT.add_property("callback", callableDef)

# Referencing the method

# Define a method as though it were using the @property decorator
ROOT.add_property("preDefProp", callableDef("use-this-everytime"))

Getting Started

Import DOMObjects and create a root object. Root objects consist of the top level namespace object and are the base structure to build your datastructure on.

import DOMobjects
ROOT = DOMobjects.DOMRootObject()


Out of the box, a root object comes empty, plain and boring. Start by adding some children by using the new_child method. Once created it can be referenced and operated on. Children can also be referenced by context, as seen further in this example.

>>> "first_born"
child_context = ROOT.first_born.get_context()
>>> "first_born"

Referencing children by context is the preferred method of operation. As python does more interesting (and some ways less predictable) operations with value reference vs call reference, you can save some headache and use context.


As with creation of any child, there is a parent. This value is automatically set on the child to match the parent object. This value is also automatically soft-locked. While possible to update with private methods, doing so is not recommended.

>>> "root"

Bulk Children

Creating one child is great, but lets create more with a single method. Using the add_child_bulk method allows you to pass a list of children and create them automatically.

more_children = ["second_born", "third_born", "forth_born", "fifth_born"]
>>> ["first_born", "second_born", "third_born", "forth_born", "fifth_born"]


Each child has the siblings attribute will report all the child nodes with the same parent.

>>> ["second_born", "third_born", "forth_born", "fifth_born"]


From a parent object calling the new_namespace() method will create a child with the FLAG_NAMESPACE bit flag set. This flag manages the ability of children to perform path traversal upward and limits them to within their own namespace. Namespaces names do not have to conform to standard Python object name limitations. To operate on this child type, use the get_context method on the parent object to retrieve it.

context1 = ROOT.get_context("new_namespace_object")
context2 = ROOT.get_context("{b52702e0-1513-4201-82df-592c05ee7a02}")
>>> None


Children grouping can be acheived with the usage of the new_dictgroup method. The DictGroup class includes several overrides as an extension to the DOMObject class. This allows for dict-like usage and standard property setting. New children added under this object type group together in a more user friendly iterable group.

ROOT.new_dictgroup("group")["A", "B", "C"])["A"].name
>>> A["A"].siblings
>>> ["B", "C"]


Property management for a child generally should not be expensive. Adding, removing, setting, and getting can be easily achieved with the built-in methods new_method, new_property, del_property, set_property, set_method, and get_property. Properties have the special feature of referencing any kind of object type. They can be static or dynamic values. Like namespacing, the naming convention does not have to follow Python object name limitation. In the following example, both static and dynamic value types can be found.

def demo_def(value):
     return 1+value

ROOT.new_property("value", 1)
>>> 1
ROOT.new_property("dynamic_call", demo_def)
>>> 2
ROOT.new_property("dynamic_value", demo_def(3))
>>> 4
ROOT.new_method("method", demo_def, [3])
>>> 3
demo_list = [1, 2, 3]
ROOT.new_method("sum", sum, [demo_list])
>>> 6
demo_list = [4, 5, 6]
>>> 15

Bulk Properties

With large systems come large selections of properties. Using the new_property_bulk method allows for creation of reusable property sets. If no value is defined (as with the first property in our example), a default value of None is assigned.

props = [
    ("another_prop", "with_value")
>>> None
>>> "with_value"

Building Large Datastructures (new as of v0.1.0 beta1)

Bootstrapping properties for datastructures with DOMObjects is made easier by using the DOMObject’s build_schema method and DOMSchema objects. Start by creating an schema object, and giving it some structure.

schema = DOMSchema()
schema.children = {
    "child_1": {
            "props": {
                        "A": {
                            "cast": int,
                            "default": 1
                        "B": {
                            "cast": str,
                            "default": "string value for child 1"
    "child_2": {
            "props": {
                    "A": {
                            "cast": int,
                            "default": 2
            "children": {
                    "subchild_1": {},
                    "subchild_2": {},
                    "subchild_3": {}
schema.dictgroups = {
    "group_1": {}
    "group_2": {
            "children": {
                    "subchild_1": {
                            "props": {
                                    "A": {
                                            "cast": int,
                                            "default": 3
                    "subchild_2": {},
                    "subchild_3": {}

Next generate the above schema. To do so, call the build_schema method on the required context. In this example, we’ll use the root object.

>>> 1
>>> 2
>>> ["subchild_1","subchild_2","subchild_3"]
>>> 3

Attribute and Property Flags

Bit Flags

Properties and children have assigned control flags set allowing for soft locking. Bit values are found under the __flags__ sub-object. Directly managing them is not suggested, instead use the built-in methods set_flag, get_flag, update_flag, or test_flag to update, set, unset, or test value masks.

Valid mask values are available as: FLAG_READ, FLAG_WRITE, or FLAG_NAMESPACE.


Bit Position:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7   Flags:
 .--------------- [1] Readeable = FLAG_READ
/  .------------- [2] Writeable = FLAG_WRITE
| /  .----------- [4] Namespace = FLAG_NAMESPACE
| | /  .--------- [8] Reserved
| | | /  .------- [16] Reserved
| | | | /  .----- [32] Reserved
| | | | | /  .--- [64] Reserved
| | | | | | /  .- [128] Reserved
| | | | | | | /
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 ---- MSB


def demo_def():
    return True

ROOT = DOMRootObject()

moreChildren = ["bulkChild", "anotherChild"]

# Define a callable property
ROOT.sample_child.add_method("callable", demo_def)
print("This prop is callable and %s" % ROOT.sample_child.callable())

# Define values
ROOT.sample_child.add_property("value_int", 1)
ROOT.sample_child.add_property("value_float", 1.00001)

# Define evaluatable properties like lambdas
ROOT.sample_child.add_property("bool_eval", (demo_def() !=  True))
ROOT.sample_child.add_property("child_count", len(ROOT.children))

ROOT.children              ## returns ["sample_child", "sample_sibling"]
ROOT.sample_child.sibings  ## returns ["sample_sibling"]

# Get a node context directly
sub_child = ROOT.sample_child.sub_child.get_context()
# or get a node's context via it's parent
sub_child = ROOT.sample_child.get_context("sub_child")

# Try getting a Node's object path

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

DOMObjects-0.1.0b4.tar.gz (17.3 kB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

DOMObjects-0.1.0b4-py3-none-any.whl (14.6 kB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Object Storage and Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page