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Flask extension to add Flask-Babel translations in JS

Project description

Flask-Babel-JS

Flask extension to add Flask-Babel translations in JS.

Installation

Install via pip: pip install flask-babel-js Keep in mind that this extension expects you to have flask_babel set-up correctly beforehand.

Usage

You can initialize this extension both directly and using the application factory pattern:

from flask import Flask
from flask_babel import Babel
from flask_babel_js import BabelJS

# Initializing directly:
app = Flask(__name__)
babel = Babel(app)
babel_js = BabelJS(app)

# Initializing via application factory pattern:
babel = Babel()
babel_js = BabelJS()


def create_app():
    app = Flask(__name__)

    babel.init_app(app)
    babel_js.init_app(app)

    return app

When the extension is initialized, a new route with the name of babel_catalog is added to the list of routes. This is a JavaScript file which contains all translations in your current locale. It also includes a very basic gettext-like API which you can use. It is compatible with the javascript extraction method of Babel.

Add this to your babel.cfg to extract Javascript translation strings:

[javascript:app/static/*.js]
encoding = utf-8
extract_messages=_,gettext,ngettext

To include the translation catalog and functions, insert the following inside your Jinja templates:

<script src="{{ url_for("babel_catalog") }}"></script>

Afterwards, you can use all the functions available in the Javascript API.

Example usage in Javascript:

// Translate a string
var s = _("Some untranslated text");
// Translate a string with format values
var s2 = _("Hello, %(name)s!", { name: "John" });
// Translate a string with plural forms
var s3 = ngettext("%(n)d item was deleted.", "%(n)d items were deleted.", n, { n: n });
// You can access all these functions through the babel object:
// babel.gettext, babel.ngettext

Python API

flask_babel_js.BabelJS(app=None, view_path="/_jstrans.js")

Initializes the extension object.

Parameters:

  • app: The Flask application. Can be None if you are using the application factory pattern.
  • view_path: The path for the catalog URL. Defaults to "/_jstrans.js".

init_app(app)

Initialize an application with the extension object.

Parameters:

  • app: The Flask application.

catalog_view()

The catalog view which provides the JavaScript code for the catalog. You don't need to use this directly.

Javascript API

window.babel

The main BabelJS object.

catalog

All gettext messages for the current locale are in this object. The keys are the original arguments passed to gettext and the value is the translated version. If the translated text has a plural form, the value is an array of the plural forms.

format(text, variables)

Formats text using Python percent-formatting. Currently only supports s, d, and f as format types. Also expects a format name. For extensions, only left padding is supported.

Parameters:

  • text: A Python-format string.
  • variables: An object containing values for the format specifiers.

gettext(text, variables)

Translates a string.

This function is available globally as gettext and _.

Parameters:

  • text: The untranslated string.
  • variables: An object containing values for the format specifiers.

ngettext(text, plural_text, n, variables)

Translates a string with plural forms based on a value.

This function is available globally as ngettext.

Parameters:

  • text: The untranslated string.
  • plural_text: The untranslated string in plural form.
  • n: The amount of items by which the form is selected.
  • variables: An object containing values for the format specifiers.

plural(n)

Gets the plural form ID corresponding to the number of items for this locale.

Parameters:

  • n: The number of items.

NOTE: This function may not exist if Plural-Forms is not specified in the gettext metadata in the locale.

License

© 2020 Efe Mert Demir. This software is licensed under the 3-Clause BSD License, a copy of which can be found in LICENSE.

Project details


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