Simple Celery integration for Flask applications.
Flask-Execute is a plugin for simplifying the configuration and management of Celery alongside a Flask application. It also slightly changes the paradigm for registering and dispatching celery tasks, exposing an API similar to the concurrent.futures API for submitting tasks to a separate executor.
Other features of the plugin include:
- Automatic spin-up of local workers, queues, schedulers, and monitoring tools via configuration.
- Automatic application context wrapping for celery workers.
- Simpler API for submitting tasks to workers that doesn’t require pre-registration of tasks.
- Result object API similar to concurrent.futures.Future API.
- Flask CLI wrapper around the celery command that automatically wraps celery commands with an application context.
To install the latest stable release via pip, run:
$ pip install Flask-Execute
Alternatively with easy_install, run:
$ easy_install Flask-Execute
To install the bleeding-edge version of the project (not recommended):
$ git clone http://github.com/bprinty/Flask-Execute.git $ cd Flask-Execute $ python setup.py install
To set up an application with the extension, you can register the application directly:
from flask import Flask from flask_execute import Celery app = Flask(__name__) plugin = Celery(app)
Or, via factory pattern:
celery = Celery() app = Flask(__name__) celery.init_app(app)
Once the plugin has been registered, you can submit a task using:
def add(x, y): return x + y future = celery.submit(add, 1, 2) # wait for result (not required) future.result(timeout=1) # cancel result future.cancel() # add callback function def callback(): # do something ... return future.add_done_callback(callback)
Note that this plugin does not require users to pre-register tasks via the @celery.task decorator. This enables developers to more easily control whether or not task execution happens within the current session or on a separate worker. It also makes the API similar to the API provided by Dask and concurrent.futures. Also note that the celery command-line tool for spinning up local workers is no longer necessary. If no workers are connected, this plugin will automatically spin them up the first time a celery.submit() call is made.
Once a task as been submitted, you can monitor the state via:
task_id = future.id # later in code future = celery.get(task_id) print(future.state)
You can also manage state updates within tasks with a more Flask-y syntax:
from flask_execute import current_task def add(a, b): current_task.update_state(state='PROGRESS') return a + b
This plugin will also manage the process of spinning up local workers bound to your application the first time a celery.submit() call is made (if configured to do so). Additionally, the plugin will automatically wrap celery cli calls with your flask application (using the factory method or not), so you can more easily interact with celery:
# start local celery cluster with workers, flower monitor, and celerybeat scheduler ~$ flask celery cluster # start local worker ~$ flask celery worker # check status of running workers ~$ flask celery status # shutdown all celery workers ~$ flask celery control shutdown # shutdown all celery workers ~$ flask celery control shutdown
If your application uses the factory pattern with a create_app function for registering blueprints and plugin, you can use the standard flask cli syntax for automatically wrapping celery commands with your application context:
# check status of running workers ~$ FLASK_APP=app:create_app flask celery status
For more in-depth discussion on design considerations and how to fully utilize the plugin, see the User Guide.
For more detailed documentation, see the Docs.
File an issue in the GitHub issue tracker.
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