GitPython is a Python library used to interact with Git repositories
Gitoxide: A peek into the future…
I started working on GitPython in 2009, back in the days when Python was 'my thing' and I had great plans with it. Of course, back in the days, I didn't really know what I was doing and this shows in many places. Somewhat similar to Python this happens to be 'good enough', but at the same time is deeply flawed and broken beyond repair.
By now, GitPython is widely used and I am sure there is a good reason for that, it's something to be proud of and happy about. The community is maintaining the software and is keeping it relevant for which I am absolutely grateful. For the time to come I am happy to continue maintaining GitPython, remaining hopeful that one day it won't be needed anymore.
More than 15 years after my first meeting with 'git' I am still in excited about it, and am happy to finally have the tools and
probably the skills to scratch that itch of mine: implement
git in a way that makes tool creation a piece of cake for most.
GitPython is a python library used to interact with git repositories, high-level like git-porcelain, or low-level like git-plumbing.
It provides abstractions of git objects for easy access of repository data often backed by calling the
This project is in maintenance mode, which means that
- …there will be no feature development, unless these are contributed
- …there will be no bug fixes, unless they are relevant to the safety of users, or contributed
- …issues will be responded to with waiting times of up to a month
The project is open to contributions of all kinds, as well as new maintainers.
GitPython needs the
git executable to be installed on the system and available in your
PATH for most operations.
If it is not in your
PATH, you can help GitPython find it by setting
GIT_PYTHON_GIT_EXECUTABLE=<path/to/git> environment variable.
- Git (1.7.x or newer)
- Python >= 3.7
The list of dependencies are listed in
The installer takes care of installing them for you.
GitPython and its required package dependencies can be installed in any of the following ways, all of which should typically be done in a virtual environment.
To obtain and install a copy from PyPI, run:
pip install GitPython
(A distribution package can also be downloaded for manual installation at the PyPI page.)
From downloaded source code
If you have downloaded the source code, run this from inside the unpacked
pip install .
By cloning the source code repository
To clone the the GitHub repository from source to work on the code, you can do it like so:
git clone https://github.com/gitpython-developers/GitPython cd GitPython git fetch --tags ./init-tests-after-clone.sh
gh repo clone GitPython
pip install -e ".[test]"
In the less common case that you do not want to install test dependencies,
pip install -e . can be used instead.
Leakage of System Resources
GitPython is not suited for long-running processes (like daemons) as it tends to
leak system resources. It was written in a time where destructors (as implemented
__del__ method) still ran deterministically.
In case you still want to use it in such a context, you will want to search the
__del__ implementations and call these yourself when you see fit.
Another way assure proper cleanup of resources is to factor out GitPython into a separate process which can be dropped periodically.
See Issue #525.
Important: Right after cloning this repository, please be sure to have
git fetch --tags followed by the
script in the repository root. Otherwise you will encounter test failures.
On Windows, make sure you have
git-daemon in your PATH. For MINGW-git, the
Git\mingw64\libexec\git-core\; CYGWIN has no daemon, but should get along fine
Install test dependencies
Ensure testing libraries are installed. This is taken care of already if you installed with:
pip install -e ".[test]"
Otherwise, you can run:
pip install -r test-requirements.txt
To test, run:
To lint, run:
pre-commit run --all-files
To typecheck, run:
mypy -p git
For automatic code formatting, run:
Configuration for flake8 is in the
black are in
The same linting and testing will also be performed against different supported python versions upon submitting a pull request (or on each push if you have a fork with a "main" branch and actions enabled).
Please have a look at the contributions file.
- User Documentation
- Questions and Answers
- Please post on Stack Overflow and use the
- Issue Tracker
- Post reproducible bugs and feature requests as a new issue.
Please be sure to provide the following information if posting bugs:
- GitPython version (e.g.
import git; git.__version__)
- Python version (e.g.
- The encountered stack-trace, if applicable
- Enough information to allow reproducing the issue
- GitPython version (e.g.
- Post reproducible bugs and feature requests as a new issue. Please be sure to provide the following information if posting bugs:
How to make a new release
- Update/verify the version in the
- Update/verify that the
doc/source/changes.rstchangelog file was updated.
- Commit everything.
git tag -s <version>to tag the version in Git.
- Optionally create and activate a virtual environment using
(When run in a virtual environment, the next step will automatically take care of installing
- Close the milestone mentioned in the changelog and create a new one. Do not reuse milestones by renaming them.
- Go to GitHub Releases and publish a new one with the recently pushed tag. Generate the changelog.
How to verify a release (DEPRECATED)
Note that what follows is deprecated and future releases won't be signed anymore. More details about how it came to that can be found in this issue.
Please only use releases from
pypi as you can verify the respective source
This script shows how to verify the tarball was indeed created by the authors of this project:
curl https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/09/bc/ae32e07e89cc25b9e5c793d19a1e5454d30a8e37d95040991160f942519e/GitPython-3.1.8-py3-none-any.whl > gitpython.whl curl https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/09/bc/ae32e07e89cc25b9e5c793d19a1e5454d30a8e37d95040991160f942519e/GitPython-3.1.8-py3-none-any.whl.asc > gitpython-signature.asc gpg --verify gitpython-signature.asc gitpython.whl
gpg: Signature made Fr 4 Sep 10:04:50 2020 CST gpg: using RSA key 27C50E7F590947D7273A741E85194C08421980C9 gpg: Good signature from "Sebastian Thiel (YubiKey USB-C) <firstname.lastname@example.org>" [ultimate] gpg: aka "Sebastian Thiel (In Rust I trust) <email@example.com>" [ultimate]
You can verify that the keyid indeed matches the release-signature key provided in this repository by looking at the keys details:
gpg --list-packets ./release-verification-key.asc
You can verify that the commit adding it was also signed by it using:
git show --show-signature ./release-verification-key.asc
If you would like to trust it permanently, you can import and sign it:
gpg --import ./release-verification-key.asc gpg --edit-key 4C08421980C9 > sign > save
Projects using GitPython
- Kivy Designer
- Python Taint
- Git Gud
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