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Invariant Causal Prediction for python

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Build Status codecov PyPI version

This packages provides a simple python implementation of Invariant Causal Prediction (ICP) [1].

See also the original implementation in the R package InvariantCausalPrediction.


pip install ICPy


import icpy as icpy
import numpy as np

n = 100
noise = 0.1
E = np.repeat([0, 1, 2], np.ceil(n / 3.0))[0:n]
A = np.random.normal(scale=noise, size=[n]) + np.equal(E, 1)
B = A + np.random.normal(scale=noise, size=[n]) / 3 + np.equal(E, 2)
C = B + np.random.normal(scale=noise, size=[n])
icpy.invariant_causal_prediction(X=np.column_stack((A, B)), y=C, z=E)


ICP(S_hat=array([1], dtype=int64), 
    p_values=array([  1.51508232e-01,   4.59577055e-37]), 


v0.0.003 (2020-05-15)

  • fix failing import (thanks to @lgmoneda, #1)
  • fix issues when environments are not subsequent whole numbers starting at 0 (thanks to @lgmoneda, #1)


[1] J. Peters, P. Bühlmann, N. Meinshausen, Causal inference by using invariant prediction: identification and confidence intervals, J. R. Stat. Soc. Ser. B Stat. Methodol. 78 (2016) 947-1012. doi:10.1111/rssb.12167.

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