Skip to main content

Python key-value store manager.

Project description

README中文文档

About the KVS Library

KVS library is created to easily handle most key-value stores. It supports redis, memcached, leveldb (plyvel), Python dict, or any other instances with any combinations of (set, put, __setitem__) methods for saving data, (get, __getitem) methods for getting data and (delete, __delitem__) methods for deleting data.

The constructor also takes in str as parameter. If one is provided as ‘:memory:’, it will simply use a dict instance to store information; if strings other than ‘:memory:’ is provided, it will treat it as a path and use anydbm or dbm module to open either a gdbm, ndbm or dumb database for storage.

The module utilizes [SeCo](https://www.github.com/copyrighthero/SeCo) module for data serialization and compression when setting item into database. Since the result parsed by SeCo are bytes objects, it plays well with third party databases like redis, memcached and plyvel. You can change the default serializer when instantiating, making this library very flexible.

One might want to use this library to easily interface other databases, to create a in-memory cache, a on-disk cache, etc.

How to Use KVS Library

After installing using pip install KVS, one can simply import kvs and start working.

from kvs import KVS
from redis import Redis
from pymemcache.client import Client as Memcached
import plyvel, shelve, pickle, msgpack

# create databases
dict_db = {} # yes, simple Python `dict`
redis = Redis()
memcached = Memcached()
leveldb = plyvel('/tmp/testdb', create_if_missing = True)
shelf = shelve('/tmp/shelvedb')

# instantiate KVS using any one of the following
kvs = KVS() # default, using python `dict`
kvs = KVS(':memory:') # the same as above
kvs = KVS(dict_db) # using the created dict object
kvs = KVS(redis, pickle) # using redis, and serialize with pickle
kvs = KVS(memcached, serialize = pickle) # using memcached, serialize with pickle
kvs = KVS(leveldb, msgpack) # use plyvel and msgpack
kvs = KVS(shelf, msgpack) # use shelf and msgpack
# ...

# use the kvs!
#   use .set or .put to set item
kvs.set('test', 'case') # set an item
kvs.get('test') # 'case'
kvs.put('test', 'testcase') # set an item
#   use .get, [key]  or .<property> to get
kvs.get('test') # 'testcase'
kvs['test'] # 'testcase'
kvs.test # 'testcase`

# faster operation with __call__ method
kvs('test', 'call method') # set item
kvs('test') # 'call method'

# if key does not exist it returns None
kvs.get('non_exist') # None
kvs['non_exist'] # None
kvs.non_exist # None
kvs('non_exist') # None

# delete with any of the following
kvs.delete('test')
del kvs['test']
del kvs.test

# check if key exists
'test' in kvs # False
kvs('test', 'case')
'test' in kvs # True

# get all keys if possible
list(kvs.keys()) # ['test']
# get all values if possible
list(kvs.values()) # ['case']
# get all items if possible
list(kvs.items()) # [('test', 'case')]

# other operations
kvs.pop('test') # 'case'
kvs.pop('test') # None
kvs.clear() # clears all items stored in the database
kvs.sync() # only for `dbm`, otherwise noop
kvs.optimize() # only for `gdbm`, otherwise noop
kvs.close() # only for databases with `close` method

# all database attributes are still available,
#   so be careful when using properties to get/set items

KVS Class API References

KVS is the only class exposed in this module, it is the manager and wrapper around actual databases. It takes two parameters, the first being str or database instance, the second being the serializer. The class is defaulted to use Python dict as database and SeCo as the serializer.

Signature: KVS(database = ‘:memory:’, serialize = None, **kwargs)

KVS Class

  1. database parameter: if passed in as string ‘:memory:’ it will use python dict as storage; if passed in as any other string, it will use anydbm or dbm to open the database; if passed in any other instances, it will use the instance as the database store.
  2. serialize parameter: if nothing is passed in, the class will use SeCo library for data serialization and compression. If any other instance passed in, eg.: pickle, msgpack etc, it will use it as the serializer. Remember that most databases like redis, memcached or leveldb|plyvel stores only bytes objects, keep it in mind when choosing serializers.

__contains__: implements the in operator. __setitem__, set, put method: for setting items. __getitem__, get method: for getting items. __call__: get or set item depends on how many parameters passed in __delete__, delete method: for deleting items. __setattr__: almost the alias for __setitem__, like set or put method. __getattr__: for getting attributes from database instance, if not found, attempts __getitem__ on self. __delattr__: almost the alias for __delitem__, like delete method. pop(key): pop an item from storage keys(): keys iterator if possible. eg. not possible with memcached. values(): values iterator if possible. Same reason. items(): items iterator if possible. Same reason. sync(): only available to databases with sync method, like dbm etc, otherwise noop. close(): only avalable to databases with close method, like plyvel etc, otherwise noop. clear(): will invoke database’s clear or flush_all, flushall methods to clear the content.

Please refer to the usage for how to use them :-)

Licenses

This project is licensed under two permissive licenses, please chose one or both of the licenses to your like. Although not necessary, bug reports or feature improvements, attributes to the author(s), information on how this program is used are welcome and appreciated :-) Happy coding

[BSD-2-Clause License]

Copyright 2018 Hansheng Zhao

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS “AS IS” AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

[MIT License]

Copyright 2018 Hansheng Zhao

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the “Software”), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Project details


Release history Release notifications

This version
History Node

1.0.0

History Node

1.0b5

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
KVS-1.0.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl (11.4 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Wheel py2.py3 Mar 21, 2018
KVS-1.0.0.tar.gz (8.8 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None Mar 21, 2018

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging CloudAMQP CloudAMQP RabbitMQ AWS AWS Cloud computing Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page