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A lightweight library to build and train neural networks in Theano

Project Description

Lasagne

Lasagne is a lightweight library to build and train neural networks in Theano. Its main features are:

  • Supports feed-forward networks such as Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), recurrent networks including Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM), and any combination thereof
  • Allows architectures of multiple inputs and multiple outputs, including auxiliary classifiers
  • Many optimization methods including Nesterov momentum, RMSprop and ADAM
  • Freely definable cost function and no need to derive gradients due to Theano’s symbolic differentiation
  • Transparent support of CPUs and GPUs due to Theano’s expression compiler

Its design is governed by six principles:

  • Simplicity: Be easy to use, easy to understand and easy to extend, to facilitate use in research
  • Transparency: Do not hide Theano behind abstractions, directly process and return Theano expressions or Python / numpy data types
  • Modularity: Allow all parts (layers, regularizers, optimizers, …) to be used independently of Lasagne
  • Pragmatism: Make common use cases easy, do not overrate uncommon cases
  • Restraint: Do not obstruct users with features they decide not to use
  • Focus: “Do one thing and do it well”

Installation

In short, you can install a known compatible version of Theano and the latest Lasagne development version via:

pip install -r https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Lasagne/Lasagne/master/requirements.txt
pip install https://github.com/Lasagne/Lasagne/archive/master.zip

For more details and alternatives, please see the Installation instructions.

Documentation

Documentation is available online: http://lasagne.readthedocs.org/

For support, please refer to the lasagne-users mailing list.

Example

import lasagne
import theano
import theano.tensor as T

# create Theano variables for input and target minibatch
input_var = T.tensor4('X')
target_var = T.ivector('y')

# create a small convolutional neural network
from lasagne.nonlinearities import leaky_rectify, softmax
network = lasagne.layers.InputLayer((None, 3, 32, 32), input_var)
network = lasagne.layers.Conv2DLayer(network, 64, (3, 3),
                                     nonlinearity=leaky_rectify)
network = lasagne.layers.Conv2DLayer(network, 32, (3, 3),
                                     nonlinearity=leaky_rectify)
network = lasagne.layers.Pool2DLayer(network, (3, 3), stride=2, mode='max')
network = lasagne.layers.DenseLayer(lasagne.layers.dropout(network, 0.5),
                                    128, nonlinearity=leaky_rectify,
                                    W=lasagne.init.Orthogonal())
network = lasagne.layers.DenseLayer(lasagne.layers.dropout(network, 0.5),
                                    10, nonlinearity=softmax)

# create loss function
prediction = lasagne.layers.get_output(network)
loss = lasagne.objectives.categorical_crossentropy(prediction, target_var)
loss = loss.mean() + 1e-4 * lasagne.regularization.regularize_network_params(
        network, lasagne.regularization.l2)

# create parameter update expressions
params = lasagne.layers.get_all_params(network, trainable=True)
updates = lasagne.updates.nesterov_momentum(loss, params, learning_rate=0.01,
                                            momentum=0.9)

# compile training function that updates parameters and returns training loss
train_fn = theano.function([input_var, target_var], loss, updates=updates)

# train network (assuming you've got some training data in numpy arrays)
for epoch in range(100):
    loss = 0
    for input_batch, target_batch in training_data:
        loss += train_fn(input_batch, target_batch)
    print("Epoch %d: Loss %g" % (epoch + 1, loss / len(training_data)))

# use trained network for predictions
test_prediction = lasagne.layers.get_output(network, deterministic=True)
predict_fn = theano.function([input_var], T.argmax(test_prediction, axis=1))
print("Predicted class for first test input: %r" % predict_fn(test_data[0]))

For a fully-functional example, see examples/mnist.py, and check the Tutorial for in-depth explanations of the same. More examples, code snippets and reproductions of recent research papers are maintained in the separate Lasagne Recipes repository.

Development

Lasagne is a work in progress, input is welcome.

Please see the Contribution instructions for details on how you can contribute!

Changelog

0.1 (2015-08-13)

First release.

  • core contributors, in alphabetical order:
    • Eric Battenberg (@ebattenberg)
    • Sander Dieleman (@benanne)
    • Daniel Nouri (@dnouri)
    • Eben Olson (@ebenolson)
    • Aäron van den Oord (@avdnoord)
    • Colin Raffel (@craffel)
    • Jan Schlüter (@f0k)
    • Søren Kaae Sønderby (@skaae)
  • extra contributors, in chronological order:
    • Daniel Maturana (@dimatura): documentation, cuDNN layers, LRN
    • Jonas Degrave (@317070): get_all_param_values() fix
    • Jack Kelly (@JackKelly): help with recurrent layers
    • Gábor Takács (@takacsg84): support broadcastable parameters in lasagne.updates
    • Diogo Moitinho de Almeida (@diogo149): MNIST example fixes
    • Brian McFee (@bmcfee): MaxPool2DLayer fix
    • Martin Thoma (@MartinThoma): documentation
    • Jeffrey De Fauw (@JeffreyDF): documentation, ADAM fix
    • Michael Heilman (@mheilman): NonlinearityLayer, lasagne.random
    • Gregory Sanders (@instagibbs): documentation fix
    • Jon Crall (@erotemic): check for non-positive input shapes
    • Hendrik Weideman (@hjweide): set_all_param_values() test, MaxPool2DCCLayer fix
    • Kashif Rasul (@kashif): ADAM simplification
    • Peter de Rivaz (@peterderivaz): documentation fix
Release History

Release History

This version
History Node

0.1

History Node

0.1dev

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