A Python Protocol Abstraction Library For Arduino Firmata
PyMata is a high performance, multi-threaded, non-blocking Python client for the Firmata Protocol that supports the complete StandardFirmata protocol.
A new version for Python 3.5, pymata_aio, can be found here.
The API can be viewed on the wiki.
- Implements the entire Firmata 2.4.1 protocol.
- Python 2.7+ and Python 3.4+ compatibility through a shared code set. (If you are running Python 3.4 on Linux, please see note below).
- Easy to use and intuitive API. You can view the PyMata API Documentation here or view in the Documentation/html directory.
- Custom support for stepper motors, Sonar Ping Devices (HC-SR04), Piezo devices and Rotary Encoders.
- Requires the use of FirmataPlus for PyMata - installation instructions may be found here.
- Wiring diagrams are provided for all examples in the examples directory.
- Digial and Analog Transient Signal Monitoring Via Data Latches:
- They provide "one-shot" notification when either a digital or analog pin meets a user defined threshold.
- Analog latches compare each data change to a user specified value.
- Comparison operators are <, >, <= and >=
- Digital latches compare a data change to either a high or low, specified by the user.
- Latches can easily be re-armed to detect the next transient data change.
- Latches can be either manually read or a callback can be associated with a latch for immediate notification.
- Optional callbacks provide asynchronous notification of data updates.
Check out the example code on the wiki.
- Digital input pins.
- Analog input pins.
- Encoder changes.
- I2C read data changes.
- SONAR (HC-SR04) distance changes.
- Analog latch condition achieved.
- Digital latch condition achieved.
- Callbacks return data reports in a single list format.
- Polling methods and callbacks are available simultaneously and can be used in a mixed polled/callback environment.
- Callbacks return data in a single list.
The callback data return values
|Callback Type||List Element 0||List Element 1||List Element 2||List Element 3|
|Analog||ANALOG MODE||Pin Number||Data Value||Not Applicable|
|Digital||DIGITAL MODE||Pin Number||Data Value||Not Applicable|
|I2C||I2C MODE||I2C Device Address||Data Value||Not Applicable|
|Sonar||Trigger Pin||Distance in Centimeters||Not Applicable||Not Applicatble|
|Encoder||Encoder MODE||Pin Number||Data Value||Not Applicable|
|Latched Analog||LATCHED ANALOG MODE||Pin Number||Data Value||Time Stamp|
|Latched Digital||LATCHED DIGITAL MODE||Pin Number||Data Value||Time Stamp|
Control-C Signal Handler
Below is a sample Control-C signal handler that can be added to a PyMata Application. It suppresses exceptions being reported as a result of the user entering a Control-C to abort the application.
import sys import signal # followed by another imports your application requires # create a PyMata instance # set the COM port string specifically for your platform board = PyMata("/dev/ttyACM0") # signal handler function called when Control-C occurs def signal_handler(signal, frame): print('You pressed Ctrl+C!!!!') if board != None: board.reset() sys.exit(0) # listen for SIGINT signal.signal(signal.SIGINT, signal_handler) # Your Application Continues Below This Point
- Want to extend PyMata? See Our Instructables Article explaining how stepper motor support was added. Use it as a guide to customize PyMata for your own needs.
- Check Out Mr. Y's Blog Here for all the latest news!
Special Note For Linux Users Wishing to Use Python 3.5
This project was developed with Pycharm
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