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Python VISA bindings for GPIB, RS232, and USB instruments

Project description

PyVISA-py

Continuous integration Documentation building Keysight assisted testing Code Coverage Documentation Status PyPI - License PyPI

A PyVISA backend that implements a large part of the “Virtual Instrument Software Architecture” (VISA) in pure Python (with the help of some nice cross platform libraries python packages!).

Description

PyVISA started as wrapper for the IVI-VISA library and therefore you need to install a VISA library in your system (National Instruments, Keysight, etc). This works most of the time, for most people. But IVI-VISA implementations are proprietary libraries that only works on certain systems. That is when PyVISA-py jumps in.

Starting from version 1.6, PyVISA allows to use different backends. These backends can be dynamically loaded. PyVISA-py is one of such backends. It implements most of the methods for Message Based communication (Serial/USB/GPIB/Ethernet) using Python and some well developed, easy to deploy and cross platform libraries

VISA and Python

Python has a couple of features that make it very interesting for measurement controlling:

  • Python is an easy-to-learn scripting language with short development cycles.
  • It represents a high abstraction level, which perfectly blends with the abstraction level of measurement programs.
  • It has a very rich set of native libraries, including numerical and plotting modules for data analysis and visualisation.
  • A large set of books (in many languages) and on-line publications is available.

Requirements

  • Python (tested with 3.6+)
  • PyVISA 1.11+

Optionally - PySerial (to interface with Serial instruments) - PyUSB (to interface with USB instruments) - linux-gpib (to interface with gpib instruments, only on linux) - gpib-ctypes (to interface with GPIB instruments on Windows and Linux)

Installation

Using pip:

$ pip install pyvisa-py

Documentation

The documentation can be read online at https://pyvisa-py.readthedocs.org

pyvisa-py was started by Hernan E. Grecco <hernan.grecco@gmail.com>.

It is now maintained by Matthieu C. Dartiailh <m.dartiailh@gmail.com>

Other contributors, listed alphabetically, are:

(If you think that your name belongs here, please let the maintainer know)

PyVISA-py Changelog

0.5.2 (04-02-2020)

  • handle SUPPRESS_END_EN in usb.py to fix #293 PR #294
  • add python_requires to avoid people trying to get a new pyvisa-py on Python 2 PR #295 This addresses pyvisa issue #578

0.5.1 (30-09-2020)

  • list serial resources under Windows without the COM prefix #269
  • fix writing to serial resources PR #277
  • fix return value of USB close method PR #265
  • fix pyvisa version constraint PR #268

0.5.0 (16-09-2020)

In 0.5.0, the Python package installed in site-packages in now called pyvisa_py which makes it a valid python package. This change was decided because the old name was causing issues with tools such as Mypy and PyInstaller.

  • start running testsuite on Keysight buildbot PR #247 #252
  • fix import in gpib.py when using linux-gpib PR #246
  • fix opening some TCPIP resources PR #242 Some instrument do not indicate that the returned packet is the last one, so fix the number of returned packet for a TCPIP INSTR resource.
  • add typing validation through mypy PR #238
  • use Numpy style dosctrings PR #238
  • format the code with black and isort PR #236
  • drop Python 2 support and run against PyVISA 1.11 PR #222
  • usbtmc: improve support for USB488 devices. PR #241 For instrument that support REN_CONTROL, we now always assert the REN line.
  • fix a crash on Windows when opening multiple USBTMC devices

0.4.1 (2020-05-27)

  • fix typo in tcpip.py PR #233 (back-ported)

0.4.0 (2020-05-06)

  • support device lan name in TCPIP INSTR resources PR #226
  • fix handling of VXI11 flags in device_write PR #226
  • do not enforce 4 bytes padding RFC 1014 since some instrument do not respect it (Issue # 225) PR #226
  • fix not setting stop bits with serial devices PR #205
  • fix improper wait time before a timeout in the TCPIP backend PR # 173
  • add GPIB support for proprietary device drivers on Windows and Linux (experimental): try importing gpib-ctypes if linux-gpib is not present. fix #105 #137
  • fix return types of PyVisaLibrary and Session methods to match pyvisa.highlevel.VisaLibraryBase fix #169 PR #170
  • avoid double closing of gpib resources PR #171
  • fix initialization of timeout for the USB resources (the default was set before creating the underlying connection to which the timeout must be passed and was not). PR #167
  • implement USBTMC abort sequence after read timeout to avoid losing communication with the instrument after a timeout occurs. PR #179
  • fix custom timeout for USB instruments. PR #179
  • fix triggering for all protocols. PR #180
  • add support for “quirky” devices made by Rigol. PR #186 PR #207
  • add support for Visa flush operation. PR #208
  • fix reading large amounts of data from some instruments when using VXI-11. PR #209

0.3.1 (2018-09-12)

  • Fix initialization of timeout (issue identified in TCPIP resources) PR #160

0.3 (2018-09-05)

  • Fix handling of seesion registration under Python 3.7 PR #155
  • Add read_stb, assert_trigger, lock, unlock to highlevel PR #139
  • Fix timeout handling in usb PR #144
  • Add gpib_command and assert_trigger to GPIB PR # 136
  • Handle ValueError in usb list fix #131 PR #132
  • Fix reading on GPIB and implement clear and gpib_send_ifc PR #132
  • Do not error when listing USB devices PR #126
  • Fix an error in the handling of the termchar for TCPIP INSTR PR #126
  • Make list_resources return an empty tuple instead of erroring PR #121
  • Proper support for timeout in TCPIP INSTR sessions PR #120 #127 #130 #144
  • Proper encoding of data before transfer for all backends PR #119
  • Unify use of StatusCode PR #118
  • Improve handling of sessions attrs PR #116
  • TCPIP SOCKET timeout handling improvement PR #115
  • Fix compatibility with pyserial 3.0 PR #112
  • TCPIP SOCKET handler read should not block PR #107
  • TCPIP error handling fixes PR #100
  • Use repr() instead of str() to log RPC record PR #97
  • Speed up large transfer over GPIB 2beb52a5bcea2dae32d4a9908dc19f7874bfc0b7
  • Catch GPIB errors while enumerating devices 9fea9d5c40cc6c33ce1244c209e5e576a33abfc2
  • Add a serial poll function to GPIB backend PR #67
  • Handle timeout in USB TMC backend PR #64
  • Make USB TMC backend faster by transferring multiple bytes PR #63
  • Fix issue with encoding before data transfer PR #59 #
  • Get Linux GPIB version PR #55
  • Fix broken import in TCPIP sessions PR #51

0.2 (2015-08-25)

  • Added support for TCPIP Socket. (Issue #38, thanks Thorsten Liebig)
  • Added support for GPIB INSTR using linux-gpib. (Issue #24, thanks bessman)
  • Added support for USB RAW. (Issue #18, kopp)
  • Better error reporting when pyusb or pyserial is missing.
  • Fixed logging of unicode strings. (Issue #54)
  • Fixed timeout in SerialSession. (Issue #44)
  • Moved resource name parsing to PyVISA.
  • VXI11 protocol performance enhancement. (thanks alexforencich)
  • Improved pyusb importing.
  • Fixed large binary reads in TCPIP.
  • Added backend information to logger.
  • Use pyvisa compat/struct.py for python < 2.7.8 (thanks Martin Ritter)

0.1 (2015-02-08)

  • Initial release. Preliminary support for: - USB INSTR - TCPIP INSTR - ASRL INSTR

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