Skip to main content

The comprehensive WSGI web application library.

Project description

werkzeug German noun: “tool”. Etymology: werk (“work”), zeug (“stuff”)

Werkzeug is a comprehensive WSGI web application library. It began as a simple collection of various utilities for WSGI applications and has become one of the most advanced WSGI utility libraries.

It includes:

  • An interactive debugger that allows inspecting stack traces and source code in the browser with an interactive interpreter for any frame in the stack.

  • A full-featured request object with objects to interact with headers, query args, form data, files, and cookies.

  • A response object that can wrap other WSGI applications and handle streaming data.

  • A routing system for matching URLs to endpoints and generating URLs for endpoints, with an extensible system for capturing variables from URLs.

  • HTTP utilities to handle entity tags, cache control, dates, user agents, cookies, files, and more.

  • A threaded WSGI server for use while developing applications locally.

  • A test client for simulating HTTP requests during testing without requiring running a server.

Werkzeug doesn’t enforce any dependencies. It is up to the developer to choose a template engine, database adapter, and even how to handle requests. It can be used to build all sorts of end user applications such as blogs, wikis, or bulletin boards.

Flask wraps Werkzeug, using it to handle the details of WSGI while providing more structure and patterns for defining powerful applications.


Install and update using pip:

pip install -U Werkzeug

A Simple Example

from werkzeug.wrappers import Request, Response

def application(request):
    return Response('Hello, World!')

if __name__ == '__main__':
    from werkzeug.serving import run_simple
    run_simple('localhost', 4000, application)

Release history Release notifications | RSS feed

This version


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

werkzeug-3.0.2.tar.gz (802.2 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Source

Built Distribution

werkzeug-3.0.2-py3-none-any.whl (226.8 kB view hashes)

Uploaded Python 3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page